The Role of U.S. Airports in the National Economy

May 28, 2015 Comments off

The Role of U.S. Airports in the National Economy
Source: Transportation Research Board

TRB’s Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Report 132: The Role of U.S. Airports in the National Economy examines the economic role of U.S. airports and the national airport system to help communicate the national aggregate value of airports to communities and aviation stakeholders.

Scholarly Savings: Strategic Purchasing for Universities

May 28, 2015 Comments off

Scholarly Savings: Strategic Purchasing for Universities
Source: IBISWorld

Governors are making serious cuts this year to balance state budgets – and one of the biggest items on the chopping block is higher education. So far, proposed budgets for states such as Illinois and Wisconsin have suggested reductions in university funding of up to 31.5%. As such, these universities will need to find ways to patch their fiscal wounds.

Before cutting courses or activities, though, universities should attempt to realize as much cost savings as possible through smart procurement processes. Last year, Cornell University saved $30.1 million by making better-informed purchasing decisions. Likewise, from 2013 to 2014, the University of California system saved $120.0 million by implementing a new procurement plan. Other schools can follow in the footsteps of these forward-thinking institutions to reduce the costs of their purchases and maximize the efficiency of their buying processes. To achieve this goal, universities can pursue a number of strategies, including tracking prices, timing purchases, bundling orders and capitalizing on favorable market characteristics such as low product specialization. The specific strategy a school should use depends on the purchasing environment for each product or service they need to acquire. IBISWorld has identified specific products and services in the key areas of construction, campus services and furnishings and equipment, where expenses can be reduced without limiting funding for a university’s core activities.

Managing migration better in all aspects: A European Agenda on Migration

May 28, 2015 Comments off

Managing migration better in all aspects: A European Agenda on Migration
Source: European Commission

Today, the European Commission presented a European Agenda on Migration outlining the immediate measures that will be taken in order to respond to the crisis situation in the Mediterranean as well as the steps to be taken in the coming years to better manage migration in all its aspects.

The plight of thousands of migrants putting their lives in peril to cross the Mediterranean has shocked and it has become clear that no Member State can or should be left alone to address huge migratory pressures. This Agenda sets out a European response, combining internal and external policies, making best use of EU agencies and tools, and involving all actors: Member States, EU institutions, International Organisations, civil society, local authorities and third countries.

CA — The CanLII Primer: Legal Research Principles and CanLII Navigation for Self-Represented Litigants

May 27, 2015 Comments off

The CanLII Primer: Legal Research Principles and CanLII Navigation for Self-Represented Litigants (PDF)
Source: National Self-Represented Litigants Project (NSRLP)

The goal of this document is to help self-represented litigants (SRLs) navigate CanLll in order to prepare for the presentation of their cases – in court, in chambers, or as part of a negotiation or mediation.

CanLll is an exceptional resource for those without legal counsel, but its usefulness will depend on how well you understand how to navigate and apply its vast resources. This primer offers you some basic navigational tools.

In addition, you will need to understand the basics of how law is created in Canada, as a combination of case law and legislation. While this primer does not provide you with a comprehensive introduction to this complex topic, it offers some fundamental principles to help you get started and hopefully make your use of CanLll more effective.

Airport Emergency Post-Event Recovery Practices

May 27, 2015 Comments off

Airport Emergency Post-Event Recovery Practices
Source: Transportation Research Board

TRB’s Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Synthesis 60: Airport Emergency Post-Event Recovery Practices explores approaches to improving the overall resiliency of airports through planning for the recovery phase of emergency response.

Heritability of Attractiveness to Mosquitoes

May 27, 2015 Comments off

Heritability of Attractiveness to Mosquitoes
Source: PLoS ONE

Female mosquitoes display preferences for certain individuals over others, which is determined by differences in volatile chemicals produced by the human body and detected by mosquitoes. Body odour can be controlled genetically but the existence of a genetic basis for differential attraction to insects has never been formally demonstrated. This study investigated heritability of attractiveness to mosquitoes by evaluating the response of Aedes aegypti (=Stegomyia aegypti) mosquitoes to odours from the hands of identical and non-identical twins in a dual-choice assay. Volatiles from individuals in an identical twin pair showed a high correlation in attractiveness to mosquitoes, while non-identical twin pairs showed a significantly lower correlation. Overall, there was a strong narrow-sense heritability of 0.62 (SE 0.124) for relative attraction and 0.67 (0.354) for flight activity based on the average of ten measurements. The results demonstrate an underlying genetic component detectable by mosquitoes through olfaction. Understanding the genetic basis for attractiveness could create a more informed approach to repellent development.

Categories: PLoS ONE, science

Islamic Finance, Consumer Protection, and Financial Stability

May 27, 2015 Comments off

Islamic Finance, Consumer Protection, and Financial Stability
Source: International Monetary Fund

Consumer protection and financial literacy are essential pillars of a well functioning and stable financial system. As the global financial crisis demonstrated, inadequate attention to consumer protection and financial literacy can lead to financial instability. Though Shari’ah principles provide a strong foundation for consumer protection, the principles alone cannot provide adequate protection because not all providers are guided by ethical precepts and the practices have deviated from the principles. To safeguard the stability of the Islamic finance industry, consumer protection frameworks that cater to the specifics of Islamic financial products should be an integral part of regulatory frameworks.

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