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Archive for the ‘U.S. Department of Agriculture’ Category

Factors Affecting Former Residents’ Returning to Rural Communities

July 17, 2015 Comments off

Factors Affecting Former Residents’ Returning to Rural Communities
Source: USDA Economic Research Service

This study reports on reasons for returning and not returning to small-town America and the impacts that return migrants make on their home communities. Interviews at high school reunions show that return migrants are primarily motivated by family considerations. They use skills and experiences acquired elsewhere to start businesses and fill leadership positions.

U.S.-Cuba Agricultural Trade: Past, Present and Possible Future

July 16, 2015 Comments off

U.S.-Cuba Agricultural Trade: Past, Present and Possible Future
Source: USDA Economic Research Service

In December 2014, the United States announced that it would implement executive actions designed to ease the restrictions on trade, remittances, and travel with Cuba. This report explores the potential implications for U.S. agricultural exports.

Effects of Recent Energy Price Reductions on U.S. Agriculture

July 13, 2015 Comments off

Effects of Recent Energy Price Reductions on U.S. Agriculture
Source: USDA Economic Research Service

Over the last half of 2014, energy prices, including crude oil and natural gas, fell sharply and are expected to remain low at least through 2016. Lower energy prices will benefit the agricultural sector mainly via lower production and transport costs.

Improving the Assessment of SNAP Targeting Using Administrative Records

July 9, 2015 Comments off

Improving the Assessment of SNAP Targeting Using Administrative Records
Source: USDA Economic Research Service

SNAP provides food and nutrition benefits to low-income households based on a formula that adjusts for monthly need. This study assesses how well SNAP is targeted to low-income households by estimating benefit receipt by household income relative to poverty for the period 2008 to 2012.

International Food Security Assessment, 2015-25

July 1, 2015 Comments off

International Food Security Assessment, 2015-25
Source: USDA Economic Research Service

The number of food-insecure people in the 76 low- and middle-income countries included in this report is projected to fall 9 percent, from 521 million in 2014 to 475 million in 2015. Over the longer term, the food security situation is projected to deteriorate as the share of population that is food insecure moves from 13.4 percent in 2015 to 15.1 percent in 2025.

Alternative Policies to Agricultural Export Taxes That Are Less Market Distorting

June 11, 2015 Comments off

Alternative Policies to Agricultural Export Taxes That Are Less Market Distorting
Source: USDA Economic Research Service

Many economists believe that export restrictions increase world prices for food commodities, thereby exacerbating food insecurity and poverty among the world’s poorest people. The authors examine alternative policies to a conventional export tax that are less market distorting and less welfare diminishing.

How USDA Forecasts Retail Food Price Inflation

June 1, 2015 Comments off

How USDA Forecasts Retail Food Price Inflation
Source: USDA Economic Research Service

In recent years ERS has used a revised methodology for forecasting food price inflation, which captures price impacts at various stages of the food supply system and results in improved precision of the forecasts.

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