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Archive for the ‘Federated States of Micronesia’ Category

New From the GAO

January 9, 2014 Comments off

New GAO Reports and Testimony
Source: Government Accountability Office

Reports

1. Defense Infrastructure: Army Brigade Combat Team Inactivations Informed by Analyses, but Actions Needed to Improve Stationing Process. GAO-14-76, December 11.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-76
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/660/659631.pdf

2. Iranian Commercial Activities: Foreign Firms Reported to Have Engaged in Certain Activities Involving Iran’s Energy or Communications Sectors.
GAO-14-218R, January 7.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-218R

Testimony

1. Compacts of Free Association: Actions Needed to Improve Oversight and Accountability of U.S. Assistance to Micronesia and the Marshall Islands, by David Gootnick, director, international affairs and trade, before the Subcommittee on Fisheries, Wildlife, Oceans and Insular Affairs, House Committee on Natural Resources. GAO-14-243T, January 7.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-243T
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/660021.pdf

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International Journal of Global Warming — Special Issue on Loss and Damage from Climate Change

October 25, 2013 Comments off

Special Issue on Loss and Damage from Climate Change
Source: International Journal of Global Warming
From press release (EurekAlert!):

An open access special issue of the International Journal of Global Warming brings together, for the first time, empirical evidence of loss and damage from the perspective of affected people in nine vulnerable countries. The articles in this special issue show how climatic stressors affect communities, what measures households take to prevent loss and damage, and what the consequences are when they are unable to adjust sufficiently. The guest-editors, Kees van der Geest and Koko Warner of the United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS) in Bonn, Germany, introduce the special issue with an overview of key findings from the nine research papers, all of which are available online free of charge.

‘Loss and damage’ refers to adverse effects of climate variability and climate change that occur despite mitigation and adaptation efforts. Warner and van der Geest discuss the loss and damage incurred by people at the local-level based on evidence from research teams working in nine vulnerable countries: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, The Gambia, Kenya, Micronesia, Mozambique and Nepal. The research papers pool data from 3269 household surveys and more than 200 focus groups and expert interviews.

The research reveals four loss and damage pathways. Residual impacts of climate stressors occur when:

  • existing coping/adaptation to biophysical impact is not enough;
  • measures have costs (including non-economic) that cannot be regained;
  • despite short-term merits, measures have negative effects in the longer term; or
  • no measures are adopted – or possible – at all.

The articles in this special issue provide evidence that loss and damage happens simultaneously with efforts by people to adjust to climatic stressors. The evidence illustrates loss and damage around barriers and limits to adaptation: growing food and livelihood insecurity, unreliable water supplies, deteriorating human welfare and increasing manifestation of erosive coping measures (e.g. eating less, distress sale of productive assets to buy food, reducing the years of schooling for children, etc.). These negative impacts touch upon people’s welfare and health, social cohesion, culture and identity – values that contribute to the functioning of society but which elude monetary valuation.

New From the GAO

September 20, 2013 Comments off

New GAO Reports
Source: Government Accountability Office

1. ICBM Modernization: Approaches to Basing Options and Interoperable Warhead Designs Need Better Planning and Synchronization. GAO-13-831, September 20.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-831
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/660/658045.pdf

2. Compacts of Free Association: Micronesia and the Marshall Islands Continue to Face Challenges Measuring Progress and Ensuring Accountability. GAO-13-675, September 20.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-675
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/660/658032.pdf

Country Specific Information: Federated States of Micronesia

June 5, 2011 Comments off

Country Specific Information: Federated States of Micronesia
Source: U.S. Department of State

May 27, 2011

COUNTRY DESCRIPTION: The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) has four states, each including a main island as well as dozens of smaller islands, spread out over a million square miles of the north central Pacific. The four states are Pohnpei (formerly Ponape), Kosrae (formerly Kusaie), Chuuk (formerly Truk) and Yap. The federal capital is located at Palikir, on the island of Pohnpei, close to Pohnpei’s largest town, Kolonia. The FSM is a constitutional democracy and part of the Compact of Free Association with the United States. Read the Department of State’s Background Notes on Micronesia for additional information.

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