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Nobel Laureates’ publications opened for free access in SPIE Digital Library

October 16, 2014 Comments off

Nobel Laureates’ publications opened for free access in SPIE Digital Library
Source: SPIE

Research papers published by six 2014 Nobel Prize recipients whose accomplishments in physics and chemistry have been enabled by photonics are being made freely available in the SPIE Digital Library through the end of 2014. The innovations recognized for this year’s Nobel prizes in Physics and in Chemistry utilize light-based science and technology in the development of sustainable LED lighting, smart phone and computer displays, and more accurate medical diagnostics and treatments, and have illuminated the path to new areas of research.

The new Nobel Laureates are Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano, and Shuji Nakamura, who were awarded the Physics prize for their invention of blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs), and Eric Betzig, Stefan Hell, and William Moerner, recipients of the Chemistry prize for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy.

The papers — nearly 100 in all — can be accessed at http://www.spie.org/nobelpapers. Publications date from the mid-1980s through this year and include papers presented at SPIE conferences and published in the Proceedings of SPIE as well as papers appearing in SPIE journals.

Hat tip: ResearchBuzz

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American Academy of Pediatrics Policy Statement: Children, Adolescents, and the Media

October 15, 2014 Comments off

American Academy of Pediatrics Policy Statement: Children, Adolescents, and the Media
Source: American Academy of Pediatrics

Media, from television to the “new media” (including cell phones, iPads, and social media), are a dominant force in children’s lives. Although television is still the predominant medium for children and adolescents, new technologies are increasingly popular. The American Academy of Pediatrics continues to be concerned by evidence about the potential harmful effects of media messages and images; however, important positive and prosocial effects of media use should also be recognized. Pediatricians are encouraged to take a media history and ask 2 media questions at every well-child visit: How much recreational screen time does your child or teenager consume daily? Is there a television set or Internet-connected device in the child’s bedroom? Parents are encouraged to establish a family home use plan for all media. Media influences on children and teenagers should be recognized by schools, policymakers, product advertisers, and entertainment producers.

Paid Time Off Programs and Practices

October 13, 2014 Comments off

Paid Time Off Programs and Practices (PDF)
Source: WorldatWork
From press release:

Workplace flexibility ranked as the primary motivator cited by employers for implementing a paid time off (PTO) bank leave system for employees, according to a 2014 WorldatWork survey, “Paid Time Off Programs and Practices” released today in conjunction with National Work & Family Month. Forty-nine percent of the respondents who indicated they use a PTO bank system cited granting employees more flexibility as the primary motivator for implementing a PTO bank system.

WorldatWork conducted a survey of its membership to better understand usage by employers of PTO bank systems €”typically defined plans that offer a combined bucket of available days to be used for a variety of types of absences” and traditional leave (e.g., vacation time, sick time and personal days) programs and practices. WorldatWork conducted similar surveys in 2002, 2006 and 2010.

“PTO banks give employees more control over managing their time off, and therefore, offer more flexibility. Employers tend to see PTO banks as an appealing option for attraction and retention and overall ease of administration,” said Lenny Sanicola, WorldatWork senior practice leader. “However, this year €™s data show us that PTO bank style programs, while appropriate for some organizations, are not for everyone. After considerable growth in usage over the past 12 years, the 2014 data show the trend of moving from a traditional leave system to a PTO bank system seems to have leveled out.”

Categories: labor, management, WorldatWork

Suicide by Cop (2014)

October 10, 2014 Comments off

Suicide by Cop (2014) (PDF)
Source: American Association of Suicidology

Facts:

  • Often occurs because the individual has the intent to die, but doesn’t want to kill him/herself.
  • There are two victims of SbC: the suicidal subject, and the firing officer. Officers involved in SbC often suffer from emotional difficulties, and sometimes Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), following the incident.
  • When facing an armed individual, officers often do not know if the individual’s firearm is loaded or not, and must defend themselves in case it is.
  • A study using data from 1998 to 2006, found that among 707 officer involved shootings, 36% were attempted /completed suicide by cop; 51% of subjects were killed.

AAS Childhood Sexual Abuse and Suicide 2014

October 9, 2014 Comments off

AAS Childhood Sexual Abuse and Suicide 2014 (PDF)
Source: American Association of Suicidology

Among those sexually abused as children, odds of suicide attempts were 2-4 times higher among women and 4-11 times higher in men compared to those not abused and controlling for other adversities.

2014 Deloitte-NASCIO Cybersecurity Study

October 9, 2014 Comments off

2014 Deloitte-NASCIO Cybersecurity Study
Source: Deloitte/NASCIO

The third biennial Deloitte-National Association of State Chief Information Officers (NASCIO) Cybersecurity Study, conducted in the spring of 2014, assessed the state of cybersecurity initiatives administered by state chief information security officers (CISOs). CISOs from 49 states participated in the survey and 186 business leaders from a broad cross-section of states responded to a parallel survey. The study highlights the challenges that states and chief information officers (CIOs)/CISOs face in protecting states’ critically important systems and data. The survey results call for greater communication and collaboration with business leaders.

The following key themes emerged from the report:

  • Maturing role of the CISO: State CISO role continues to gain legitimacy in authority and reporting relationships. In 2014, 98% of respondents state they have a CISO role, and 90% of these roles report to the CIO. The responsibilities of the position are becoming more consistent across states, yet expanding. CISOs today are responsible for establishing a strategy, execution of that strategy, risk management, communicating effectively with senior executives and business leaders, complying with regulators, and leading the charge against escalating cyber threats using various security technologies.
  • Continuing budget-strategy disconnect: The improving economy and states’ growing commitment to cybersecurity have led to an increase – albeit small, in budgets. 48% of respondents noted an increase in budget; however, budget is still the #1 barrier. CISOs have also been successful at tapping supplemental resources, whether from other state agencies, federal funding, or various agency and business leaders. Nevertheless, budgets are still not sufficient to fully implement effective cybersecurity programs.
  • Cyber complexity challenge: CISOs are concerned about the intensity, volume and complexity of cyber threats that run the gamut from malicious code to zero-day attacks. Sophistication of cyber threats is the #2 top barrier. 74.5% of respondents cited malicious code as the top external threat. CISOs need to stay abreast of existing and developing threats and increasing regulations to establish and maintain the security of an information environment that now increasingly extends from internal networks to cloud and mobile devices.
  • Talent Crisis: The skill sets needed for effective cybersecurity protection and monitoring are in heavy demand across all sectors. 59% of CISO respondents choose Talent as one of the top barriers. State CISOs are struggling to recruit and retain people with the right skills, and they will need to establish career growth paths and find creative ways to build their cybersecurity teams.

Fact Sheet: Depression and Suicide Risk (2014)

October 8, 2014 Comments off

Fact Sheet: Depression and Suicide Risk (2014)
Source: American Association of Suicidology

Relationship Between Depression & Suicide:

1. Depression is the psychiatric diagnosis most commonly associated with suicide.
2. Lifetime risk of suicide among patients with untreated depression ranges from 2.2% to 15%.
3. Some that 15% of patients with treated depression eventually die by suicide.
4. Depression is present in at least 50 percent of all suicides.
5. 2% to 9 % of people that have been diagnosed with depression in their lifetime will go on to complete suicide, according to a Mayo Clinic study.
6. Those suffering from depression are at 25 times greater risk for suicidal than the general population.

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