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Hooked on Smartphones: An Exploratory Study on Smartphone Overuse among College Students

April 16, 2014 Comments off

Hooked on Smartphones: An Exploratory Study on Smartphone Overuse among College Students (PDF)
Source: Association for Computing Machinery

The negative aspects of smartphone overuse on young adults, such as sleep deprivation and attention deficits, are being increasingly recognized recently. This emerging issue motivated us to analyze the usage patterns related to smartphone overuse. We investigate smartphone usage for 95 college students using surveys, logged data, and interviews. We first divide the participants into risk and non-risk groups based on self-reported rating scale for smartphone overuse. We then analyze the usage data to identify between-group usage differences, which ranged from the overall usage patterns to appspecific usage patterns. Compared with the non-risk group, our results show that the risk group has longer usage time per day and different diurnal usage patterns. Also, the risk group users are more susceptible to push notifications, and tend to consume more online content. We characterize the overall relationship between usage features and smartphone overuse using analytic modeling and provide detailed illustrations of problematic usage behaviors based on interview data.

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Internists release policy paper on medical liability crisis

April 16, 2014 Comments off

Internists release policy paper on medical liability crisis
Source: American College of Physicians

The American College of Physicians (ACP) today released a policy paper on the medical liability crisis, which continues to have a profound effect on the medical system. “Medical Liability Reform — Innovative Solutions for a New Health Care System” (PDF) provides an update of the medical liability landscape, state-based activity on medical liability reform, and summarizes traditional and newer reform proposals and their ability to affect system efficiency and encourage patient safety.

New Report Documents That Liberal Arts Disciplines Prepare Graduates for Long-Term Professional Success

April 10, 2014 Comments off

New Report Documents That Liberal Arts Disciplines Prepare Graduates for Long-Term Professional Success
Source: Association of American Colleges and Universities (AAC&U) and the National Center for Higher Education Management Systems (NCHEMS)

The Association of American Colleges and Universities (AAC&U) and the National Center for Higher Education Management Systems (NCHEMS) released today a new report on earnings and long-term career paths for college graduates with different undergraduate majors. In How Liberal Arts and Sciences Majors Fare in Employment, authors Debra Humphreys and Patrick Kelly analyze data from the 2010-11 US Census Bureau’s American Community Survey and provide answers to some common questions posed by students, parents, and policy makers who are increasingly concerned about the value of college degrees.

Responding to concerns about whether college is still worth it and whether liberal arts majors provide a solid foundation for long-term employment and career success, the report compares earnings trajectories and career pathways for liberal arts majors with the earnings trajectories and career pathways for those majoring in science and mathematics, engineering, and professional or preprofessional fields like business or education.

“Recent attacks on the liberal arts by ill-informed commentators and policy makers have painted a misleading picture of the value of the liberal arts to individuals and our communities,” said AAC&U President Carol Geary Schneider. “As the findings in this report demonstrate, majoring in a liberal arts field can and does lead to successful and remunerative careers in a wide array of professions.”

FINRA Foundation Study Finds Millennials Struggle Financially

April 9, 2014 Comments off

FINRA Foundation Study Finds Millennials Struggle Financially
Source: FINRA

The FINRA Investor Education Foundation’s new study, The Financial Capability of Young Adults—A Generational View reveals that millennials display low levels of financial literacy, engage in problematic financial behaviors and express concerns about their debt. Low levels of financial literacy hamper most millennials, with only 24 percent of millennials able to answer four or five questions on a five-question financial literacy quiz [insert link] correctly. And among young millennials – those 18 to 26 – only 18 percent were able to answer four or five questions correctly.

Academe — Losing Focus: The Annual Report on the Economic Status of the Profession, 2013-14

April 8, 2014 Comments off

Losing Focus: The Annual Report on the Economic Status of the Profession, 2013-14
Source: American Association of University Professors

In the decades following World War II, higher education in the United States has evolved from a narrow concern for a few scholars into an institution that affects all aspects of our society. Nearly every American has either attended college or has a friend or a family member who has enrolled, and many people also follow college sports or have a college or university in their communities. In short, higher education is a central social institution in contemporary America.

And yet, even as colleges and universities have become the focus of increased attention from the general public and policy makers alike, these institutions themselves seem to have lost their focus on a mission of preparing an informed citizenry for participation in democracy and expanding knowledge for the benefit of all. Without a doubt, higher education still provides a transformative experience for the millions of individuals who take part in its many activities. Behind the scenes, however, American higher education is changing in ways that detract from its potential to enhance the common good. This report will endeavor to wipe away some of the clouds obscuring a clear focus on the vital core mission of higher education.

Officer Involved Shootings in Smaller Departments

March 24, 2014 Comments off

Officer Involved Shootings in Smaller Departments (PDF)
Source: International Association of Chiefs of Police

The old adage, “it can’t happen here” is not a philosophy that we, as police man-agers, should consider as we provide leadership to our organizations. For many smaller law enforcement agencies, the unique nature of policing in our commu-nities often equates to traffic enforcement, an occasional daytime burglary, and the rare cases involving robbery or assault. As executives in smaller agencies, we continuously attempt to balance increasing service demands with shrinking budgets, while preparing our organizations as best we can for those things that ‘can’t happen here!’

Unique Surveys Show Cash Incentives Prevalent Across Publicly-Traded, Privately-Held and Nonprofit Sectors

March 20, 2014 Comments off

Unique Surveys Show Cash Incentives Prevalent Across Publicly-Traded, Privately-Held and Nonprofit Sectors
Source: WorldatWork, Deloitte, Vivient Consulting

Research released today by WorldatWork, in conjunction with both Deloitte Consulting and Vivient Consulting, shows that a vast majority of organizations use and rely on incentive-based pay practices to compete for top talent, as well as to motivate and reward employees.

For the first time, short and long-term incentive pay practices can be compared directly across the three sectors of publicly-traded firms, privately-held companies and nonprofit/government organizations. Deloitte and Vivient used several identical questions in the three versions of the surveys. This unique research fills a gap that exists in the marketplace for incentive-pay data, especially for non-publicly traded companies.

Copyright, Permissions and Fair Use among Visual Artists and the Academic and Museum Visual Arts Communities

March 17, 2014 Comments off

Copyright, Permissions and Fair Use among Visual Artists and the Academic and Museum Visual Arts Communities (PDF)
Source: College Art Association
From press release:

CAA is pleased to announce the publication of Copyright, Permissions and Fair Use among Visual Artists and the Academic and Museum Visual Arts Communities: An Issues Report. Endorsed by CAA’s Board of Directors on January 24, 2014, the report is now available on CAA’s website (here) and will also be distributed in printed form at the upcoming Annual Conference in Chicago.  The report was written by Patricia Aufderheide and Peter Jaszi, professors of communications and law, respectively, at American University; and graduate fellows Bryan Bello and Tijana Milosevic.  Aufderheide and Jaszi are the project’s lead researchers and two of its principal investigators. Their report summarizes 100 interviews of art historians, artists, museum curators, editors and publishers describing issues related to the use of third-party images in creative and scholarly work. The research was further informed by a CAA membership survey on fair use and a review of relevant literature and legal precedents.

This issues report reveals a situation in which uncertainty about copyright law and the availability of fair use, particularly in the digital era, has made many practitioners risk-averse, too often abandoning or distorting projects due to real or perceived challenges in using copyrighted materials. The report was read by the project’s Principal Investigators, Project Advisors, and members of the CAA Task Force on Fair Use, its Committee on Intellectual Property, and a Community Practices Advisory Committee. A full list of these individuals appears as an appendix in the report.

The Gender Gap in Art Museum Directorships

March 12, 2014 Comments off

The Gender Gap in Art Museum Directorships (PDF)
Source: Association of Art Museum Directors
From press release:

  • Across all AAMD member museums, women hold less than 50% of directorships. Comparatively, 48% of CEOs at non-profits with budgets above $1 m are women and 5% of Fortune 500 and Fortune 1000 companies are led by women.
  • The average female director’s salary lags behind that of the average male director. Female art museum directors earn 79¢ for every dollar earned by male art museum directors.
  • The overall disparities in the number of female art museum directors and in their salaries are mostly driven by the largest museums. These museums have operating budgets of more than $15 million and represent roughly the top quarter of AAMD member museums by operating budget. At these largest museums, female directors earn 71 cents on average for every dollar earned by male directors.
  • For the other three quarters of member museums with budgets of less than $15 million, female directors on average earn $1.02 for every dollar that male directors earn.

National Association of REALTORS® Generational Trends Study Shows Confidence in Market, Some Challenges

March 12, 2014 Comments off

NAR Generational Trends Study Shows Confidence in Market, Some Challenges
Source: National Association of REALTORS®

Young home buyers remain optimistic and see their home as a good investment, while older buyers are more likely to trade down to a smaller property to match changing lifestyles, according to the 2014 National Association of Realtors® Home Buyer and Seller Generational Trends study, which evaluates the generational differences of recent home buyers and sellers.

Eight out of 10 recent buyers considered their home purchase a good financial investment, ranging from 87 percent for buyers age 33 and younger, to 74 percent for buyers 68 and older.

Foreclosure Rates and Changes: Q4 2013 vs. Q4 2012

March 10, 2014 Comments off

Foreclosure Rates and Changes: Q4 2013 vs. Q4 2012
Source: National Association of REALTORS®

Rising home values and an improved economy changed the foreclosure picture dramatically over the last two years. The decline in foreclosures and distressed sales resulted in less downward pressure on prices and more buyer confidence. To find out how your market performed, see the 4th quarter 2013 Local Market Reports.

AMTA Releases White Paper on Music Therapy & Military

March 6, 2014 Comments off

AMTA Releases White Paper on Music Therapy & Military
Source: American Music Therapy Association

The American Music Therapy Association (AMTA) announces the publication of Music Therapy and Military Populations: A Status Report and Recommendations on Music Therapy Treatment, Programs, Research, and Practice Policy. This landmark report discusses the profession of music therapy with a focus on both active duty service members and veterans.

The music therapy profession’s rich, enduring contributions to readiness, rehabilitation, recovery, and wellness among America’s military populations are explored. The white paper presents exemplary model programs and highlights the strong foundation of published research and evidence to inform practice. This information provides the groundwork to improve access to music therapy services among military populations and inform strategic plans for expanded and prioritized implementation of music therapy programs, research, and practice policy in the military.

Commercial Real Estate Investors “Cautiously Optimistic” As the Future Unfolds, According to New Outlook Report

February 20, 2014 Comments off

Commercial Real Estate Investors “Cautiously Optimistic” As the Future Unfolds, According to New Outlook Report
Source: National Association of REALTORS®

Commercial real estate investments are expected to produce generally solid returns in 2014, according to the authors of Expectations & Market Realities in Real Estate 2014—The Future Unfolds, an annual forecast report released by Real Estate Research Corporation (RERC), Deloitte, and the National Association of Realtors®(NAR).

The three organizations have drawn on their respective capabilities to examine the economy, capital markets, and commercial real estate property markets; thoroughly assess and analyze existing research; and offer an objective outlook for commercial real estate for 2014 and beyond. Findings indicate that although uncertainties remain, the economy is expected to continue to grow slowly and improve modestly in 2014. Capital is flush, and commercial real estate investment has expanded to the secondary and tertiary markets. In addition, the report carefully analyzes and offers a research-based assessment of the office, industrial, apartment, retail, and hotel property sectors. The report also provides an outlook for the three mostly likely economic and investment scenarios for 2014 and beyond.

National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors Resource Management Guide: Impacts of the Affordable Care Act on Coverage for Uninsured People with Behavioral Health Conditions (2013)

February 18, 2014 Comments off

NASMHPD Resource Management Guide: Impacts of the Affordable Care Act on Coverage for Uninsured People with Behavioral Health Conditions (2013)
Source: National Association of State Mental Health Program Directors

Click on your state to access state-specific data on the number of uninsured people with behavioral health disorders who are eligible for health insurance under the ACA, the projected use rates for behavioral health services, and characteristics of the newly insured population.

Taking Action: An Advocate’s Guide to Assisting Victims of Financial Fraud

February 18, 2014 Comments off

Taking Action: An Advocate’s Guide to Assisting Victims of Financial Fraud (PDF)
Source: Financial Industry Regulatory Authority/National Center for Victims of Crime

Financial fraud is real and can be devastating. Fortunately, in every community there are individuals in a position to provide tangible help to victims. To assist them, the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority (FINRA) Investor Education Foundation and the National Center for Victims of Crime joined forces in 2013 to develop Taking Action: An Advocate’s Guide to Assisting Victims of Financial Fraud.

Prevention is an important part of combating financial fraud. We also know that financial fraud occurs in spite of preventive methods. When fraud occurs, victims are left to cope with the aftermath of compromised identities, damaged credit, and financial loss, and a painful range of emotions including anger, fear, and frustration.

This guide gives victim advocates a roadmap for how to respond in the wake of a financial crime, from determining the type of fraud to reporting it to the proper authorities. The guide also includes case management tools for advocates, starting with setting reasonable expectations of recovery and managing the emotional fallout of financial fraud.

Our hope is that this guide will empower victim advocates, law enforcement, regulators, and a wide range of community professionals to capably assist financial victims with rebuilding their lives.

American Psychological Association Survey Shows Teen Stress Rivals That of Adults

February 12, 2014 Comments off

American Psychological Association Survey Shows Teen Stress Rivals That of Adults
Source: American Psychological Association

American teens report experiences with stress that follow a similar pattern as adults, according to a new survey released today by the American Psychological Association (APA). In fact, during the school year, teens say their stress level is higher than levels reported by adults in the past month. For teens and adults alike, stress has an impact on healthy behaviors like exercising, sleeping well and eating healthy foods.

Findings from Stress in America™: Are Teens Adopting Adults’ Stress Habits?, which was conducted online by Harris Interactive Inc., (on behalf of APA) among 1,950 adults and 1,018 teens in the U.S. in August 2013, suggest that unhealthy behaviors associated with stress may begin manifesting early in people’s lives.

Teens report that their stress level during the school year far exceeds what they believe to be healthy (5.8 versus 3.9 on a 10-point scale) and tops adults’ average reported stress levels (5.8 for teens versus 5.1 for adults). Even during the summer — between Aug. 3 and Aug. 31, 2013, when interviewing took place — teens reported their stress during the past month at levels higher than what they believe is healthy (4.6 versus 3.9 on a 10-point scale). Many teens also report feeling overwhelmed (31 percent) and depressed or sad (30 percent) as a result of stress. More than one-third of teens report fatigue or feeling tired (36 percent) and nearly one-quarter of teens (23 percent) report skipping a meal due to stress.

Despite the impact that stress appears to have on their lives, teens are more likely than adults to report that their stress level has a slight or no impact on their body or physical health (54 percent of teens versus 39 percent of adults) or their mental health (52 percent of teens versus 43 percent of adults).

Red States, Blue States, and Divorce: Understanding Regional Variation in Divorce Rates

February 6, 2014 Comments off

Red States, Blue States, and Divorce: Understanding Regional Variation in Divorce Rates (PDF)
Source: Population Association of America

Why are cohabiting unions less frequent in the red states, why are early marriages and early first births more common in the red states, and why is the transition to adulthood faster and maternal labor force participation lower in the red states? Are these characteristics exogenous to religious affiliation or at least partially endogenous with respect to religion? Why isn’t the cultural support for marriage and disapproval of divorce in conservative denominations enough to overcome these heightened risk factors for divorce? The answer may lie in the unique religious culture of Christian conservatives. This religious culture both praises the sanctity of marriage while simultaneously eliciting patterns of behavior that destabilize marriage. In particular, the emphasis placed on sexual restraint until marriage and abstinenceonly education, and the stigma attached to abortion and certain forms of birth control encourage early family formation and cessation of education among religious conservatives (Fitzgerald and Glass, 2008; Regnerus, 2007) This paper tests this theoretical claim by analyzing county level data on conservative religious concentration, demographic behavior (age at first marriage, age at first birth, mean educational attainment, marriage, cohabitation and maternal labor force participation rates, etc.) and divorce.

December Existing-Home Sales Rise, 2013 Strongest in Seven Years

February 4, 2014 Comments off

December Existing-Home Sales Rise, 2013 Strongest in Seven Years
Source: National Association of REALTORS®

Existing-home sales edged up in December, sales for all of 2013 were the highest since 2006, and median prices maintained strong growth, according to the National Association of Realtors®.

Total existing-home sales, which are completed transactions that include single-family homes, townhomes, condominiums and co-ops, increased 1.0 percent to a seasonally adjusted annual rate of 4.87 million in December from a downwardly revised 4.82 million in November, but are 0.6 percent below the 4.90 million-unit level in December 2012.

For all of 2013, there were 5.09 million sales, which is 9.1 percent higher than 2012. It was the strongest performance since 2006 when sales reached an unsustainably high 6.48 million at the close of the housing boom.

Generational Differences in Perceptions of Military Advertising and Organizational Commitment

January 30, 2014 Comments off

Generational Differences in Perceptions of Military Advertising and Organizational Commitment (PDF)
Source: Association for Business Communication

The purpose of this pilot experiment was to compare and evaluate the attitudinal differences between generations about military service and its potential impact on military recruitment. Affective commitment is a concept that is typically associated with the organizational communication and psychology literature, but previous research has shown that consumers’ evaluative responses to advertisements and brands can lead consumers to develop commitment to those brands in much the same way that employees develop commitment to their organizations (Cistulli, Snyder & Jacobs, 2012). Participants evaluated current ads produced by the military and were asked to answer survey questions using instruments based on previous advertising attitudinal and organizational commitment research. Respondents from previously categorized generations (Gen Y and Baby Boomers) were asked to fill out the surveys. Results indicate that military ads have a high recall rate across all generations. T-tests showed significant differences between generations on attitude toward the military, affective commitment, normative commitment, personal enlistment discussion and enlistment referral discussion. The potential social implications of these results are discussed.

Nation’s Grade Drops to a Dismal D+ for Failure to Support Emergency Patients

January 30, 2014 Comments off

Nation’s Grade Drops to a Dismal D+ for Failure to Support Emergency Patients
Source: American College of Emergency Physicians

Emergency physicians today sounded a warning that the continuing failure of state and national policies is endangering emergency patients, citing as proof a worse grade of D+ in the latest edition of a state-by-state report card on support for emergency care (Report Card). The Report Card forecasts an expanding role for emergency departments under Obamacare and describes the harmful effects of the competing pressures of shrinking resources and increasing demands. The Report Card measures conditions and policies under which emergency care is being delivered, not the quality of care provided by hospitals and emergency providers.

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