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Missing links: The digital news preservation discontinuity

September 22, 2014 Comments off

Missing links: The digital news preservation discontinuity (PDF)
Source: International Federation of Library Associations

That the spread of printed news has changed dramatically since the Internet and the Web is no news to anyone. The Christian Science Monitor, in print since 1908, ceased daily publication in 2009 to focus on web – based publishing (CSM still publishes a weekly print edition). One month before this, The Seattle Post Intelligencer stopped its print edition. More recently, Lloyd’s List, which claims to be the world’s oldest newspaper, announced that it would stop its print edition. These are but a few examples of news publishers that no longer print the news on paper.

While these newspapers stopped printing news, they did not stop publishing news. Instead they now concentrate on digital news.

Similarly and until only recently, the IFLA Newspapers Section has focused on cataloguing, collecting, and preservation of printed news. With few exceptions, Section members do not catalog, collect, and preserve digital news with the same diligence as they have in past given to newspapers.

In this paper we will review digital news publishing, both for traditional news publishers like the Christian Science Monitor and the Seattle Post – Intell igencer and for digital only publishers like The Huffington Post, The Texas Tribune, NewsWhip, and others. We will especially look at the publishers’ digital preservation policies and practices.

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AVMA Guidelines for the Euthanasia of Animals: 2013 Edition

September 16, 2014 Comments off

AVMA Guidelines for the Euthanasia of Animals: 2013 Edition
Source: American Veterinary Medical Association

Animal issues are no longer socially invisible. During the past half-century, efforts to ensure the respectful and humane treatment of animals have garnered global attention. Concern for the welfare of animals is reflected in the growth of animal welfare science and ethics. The former is evident in the emergence of academic programs, scientific journals, and funding streams committed either partially or exclusively to the study of how animals are impacted by various environments and human interventions. The latter has seen the application of numerous ethical approaches (eg, rights-based theories, utilitarianism, virtue ethics, contractarianism, pragmatic ethics) to assessing the moral value of animals and the nature of the human-animal relationship. The proliferation of interest in animal use and care, at the national and international levels, is also apparent in recent protections accorded to animals in new and amended laws and regulations, institutional and corporate policies, and purchasing and trade agreements. Changing societal attitudes toward animal care and use have inspired scrutiny of some traditional and contemporary practices applied in the management of animals used for agriculture, research and teaching, companionship, and recreation or entertainment and of animals encountered in the wild. Attention has also been focused on conservation and the impact of human interventions on terrestrial and aquatic wildlife and the environment. Within these contexts, stakeholders look to veterinarians to provide leadership on how to care well for animals, including how to relieve unnecessary pain and suffering.

IEEE Internet of Things Newsletter – September 2014

September 11, 2014 Comments off

IEEE IoT Newsletter – September 2014
Source: IEEE
From press release:

IEEE, the world’s largest professional organization advancing technology for humanity, today announced that the IEEE Future Directions’ Internet of Things (IEEE IoT) Initiative has launched an eNewsletter. The IEEE IoT eNewsletter is a bi-monthly, technically focused online publication that highlights important, current IoT-related technology developments, innovations, and trends from the world’s top subject matter experts, researchers and practitioners. The eNewsletter’s inaugural issue is available immediately on the IEEE IoT web portal. Subscription to the IEEE IoT eNewsletter is provided as a benefit of membership in the IEEE IoT Technical Community at no charge. To become a member of the complimentary IEEE IoT Technical Community and stay informed on developments in this multi-disciplinary area, visit the IEEE IoT web portal and click on the “Join the IoT Technical Community” button on the home page.

The inaugural edition of the IEEE IoT eNewsletter is available now and includes the following articles:

  • The Fading Line Between Atoms and Bits by Roberto Saracco, EIT ICT Labs;
  • Emerging IoT Applications Illustrate Emerging Trends by Dr. Chung-sheng Li, IBM T.J. Watson Research Center;
  • The Internet of Things: A Title That is Both Wrong and Unhelpful by William Webb, Weightless SIG;
  • The Internet of Things: The Story So Far by Payam Barnaghi, University of Surrey and Amit Sheth, Wright State University.

The November issue of the IEEE IoT eNewsletter will include exclusive content from authors Aapo Markkanen, ABI Research; Dongman Lee, KAIST; Luigi Atzori, University of Cagliari; and David Rogers, Copper Horse.

Hat tip: ResearchBuzz

Categories: IEEE, internet of things

American Association of University Professors — On Trigger Warnings

September 10, 2014 Comments off

On Trigger Warnings
Source: American Association of University Professors

A current threat to academic freedom in the classroom comes from a demand that teachers provide warnings in advance if assigned material contains anything that might trigger difficult emotional responses for students. This follows from earlier calls not to offend students’ sensibilities by introducing material that challenges their values and beliefs. The specific call for “trigger warnings” began in the blogosphere as a caution about graphic descriptions of rape on feminist sites, and has now migrated to university campuses in the form of requirements or proposals that students be alerted to all manner of topics that some believe may deeply offend and even set off a post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) response in some individuals. Oberlin College’s original policy (since tabled to allow for further debate in the face of faculty opposition) is an example of the range of possible trigger topics: “racism, classism, sexism, heterosexism, cissexism, ableism, and other issues of privilege and oppression.” It went on to say that a novel like Chinua Achebe’s Things Fall Apart might “trigger readers who have experienced racism, colonialism, religious persecution, violence, suicide and more.” It further cautioned faculty to “[r]emove triggering material when it does not contribute directly to the course learning goals.”

At Wellesley College students objected to a sculpture of a man in his underwear because it might be a source of “triggering thoughts regarding sexual assault.” While the students’ petition acknowledged that the sculpture might not disturb everyone on campus, it insisted that we share a “responsibility to pay attention to and attempt to answer the needs of all of our community members.” Even after the artist explained that the figure was supposed to be sleepwalking, students continued to insist it be moved indoors.

The presumption that students need to be protected rather than challenged in a classroom is at once infantilizing and anti-intellectual. It makes comfort a higher priority than intellectual engagement and—as the Oberlin list demonstrates—it singles out politically controversial topics like sex, race, class, capitalism, and colonialism for attention. Indeed, if such topics are associated with triggers, correctly or not, they are likely to be marginalized if not avoided altogether by faculty who fear complaints for offending or discomforting some of their students. Although all faculty are affected by potential charges of this kind, non-tenured and contingent faculty are particularly at risk. In this way the demand for trigger warnings creates a repressive, “chilly climate” for critical thinking in the classroom.

A Guide to Human Trafficking for State Courts

September 5, 2014 Comments off

A Guide to Human Trafficking for State Courts (PDF)
Source: National Association for Court Management

The National Association for Court Management Guide to Addressing Human Trafficking in the State Courts (HT Guide) provides state court practitioners a comprehensive resource for:

  • clarifying the types and dynamics of sex and labor human trafficking involving U.S. citizens and foreign nationals present in jurisdictions across the nation;
  • identifying how traffickers and victims might appear in different types of state court cases, including criminal, family, juvenile, child protection, ordinance violation, and civil cases;
  • accessing tools and guidelines for using the tools to help courts identify and process cases where trafficking is involved; and
  • accessing links to other resources to help courts address trafficking-related problems.

States with stand-your-ground laws have seen an increase in homicides, reports task force

September 4, 2014 Comments off

States with stand-your-ground laws have seen an increase in homicides, reports task force
Source: American Bar Association

“Stand your ground” laws hinder law enforcement, are applied inconsistently and disproportionately affect minorities.

Those were the main findings from the ABA National Task Force on Stand Your Ground Laws. In a preliminary report (PDF) that was officially unveiled during a Friday session at the ABA Annual Meeting, the task force found that states which have some form of stand-your-ground law have also seen increasing homicide rates.

The task force, which was co-chaired by Leigh-Ann Buchanan of Berger Singerman and Jack Middleton of McLane Graf Raulerson & Middleton, conducted its investigation throughout most of 2013. It also found that stand-your-ground laws carry an implicit bias against racial minorities. In terms of the laws’ effects, the task force found that there was widespread confusion amongst law enforcement personnel as to what actions were justified and what were not.

The task force recommended that states either repeal stand-your-ground laws or refuse to enact them. Additionally, it encouraged the ABA to adopt an educational initiative to provide accurate information about these laws, as well as to correct the misconception that these laws provide carte blanche for people to use deadly force in public areas.

“We’ve heard nothing good about stand-your-ground laws,” said Middleton. “In fact, the more you look at them, the more problems you find. It’s our hope that the ABA as a whole will take a position against these laws.”

Employers: Celebrate Labor Day By Showing That You Value Your Workers

September 3, 2014 Comments off

Employers: Celebrate Labor Day By Showing That You Value Your Workers
Source: American Psychological Association

Labor Day is a celebration of American workers and the contributions they have made to the well-being of the country. As we mark Labor Day’s 120th year as a federal holiday, only about half of the U.S. workforce (51 percent) say they feel valued by their employer, more than a third (36 percent) haven’t received any form of recognition in the last year and just 47 percent say recognition is provided fairly. These were among the findings of a survey released today by the American Psychological Association’s Center for Organizational Excellence. The survey was conducted on APA’s behalf by Harris Poll on Aug. 13-15, 2014, among 882 adults who are employed either full time or part time.

Employee recognition efforts reward employees both individually and collectively for their contributions to the organization. Recognition can take various forms — formal and informal, monetary and nonmonetary. Although a majority of working Americans (81 percent) reported that their employer provides some type of recognition, less than half (46 percent) said their organization recognizes employees for individual job performance. Additionally, less than a third (29 percent) said that team or work-unit performance is recognized and even fewer reported that their employer provides recognition for company-wide results (21 percent), or engaging in specific behaviors, such as those consistent with the organization’s values (18 percent).

Hat tip: IWS Documented News Service

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