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Archive for the ‘immigration’ Category

Immigration and Child Welfare

May 26, 2015 Comments off

Immigration and Child Welfare
Source: Child Welfare Information Gateway

Immigrant families involved with child welfare may face a number of particular issues, such as legal barriers to accessing services, child trauma resulting from difficult immigration or refugee experiences, a parent’s detention/deportation by immigration authorities, and acculturation and language issues. This issue brief addresses child welfare’s work with immigrant children and families; examines current issues related to immigration and child welfare; provides examples of programs and promising practices; and points to resources for professionals, families, and youth.

From Refugee to Migrant? Labor Mobility’s Protection Potential

May 21, 2015 Comments off

From Refugee to Migrant? Labor Mobility’s Protection Potential
Source: Migration Policy Institute

Refugee protection—both asylum in the country of first refuge and resettlement to a third country—is a humanitarian endeavor, distinct from economic or labor migration. As victims of persecution, under international law refugees are entitled to specific protections, above all from forcible return, and the humanitarian nature of refugee protection is fundamental. However, what is less clear is the degree to which the right to move freely both within and beyond a country of first asylum can or should be encompassed within the international community’s understanding of what refugee protection involves.

Over the years, there has been growing international recognition that continued movement and migration often play an important role in shaping refugees’ lives after their initial flight, even without the formal legal channels to do so. The economic restrictions placed on refugees in many countries—including prohibitions on the right to work and limitations on movement away from camps—lead many individuals to pursue irregular secondary migration after being granted refugee status, in search of economic opportunity and sometimes even basic physical security. In light of this reality, pursuing labor mobility policies for refugees may make sense for both political and humanitarian reasons, offering the chance to enhance refugee protection while reducing the many costs associated with long-term refugee crises.

This report considers the extent to which labor migration is being used—or could be used in the future—to strengthen the international refugee protection regime and facilitate durable solutions for more refugees. The report also outlines two possible ways that policymakers could facilitate refugees’ freedom of movement: initiatives that take advantage of existing migration pathways and regional freedom-of-movement protocols, and development of temporary and permanent refugee-focused labor migration programs.

CFR Backgrounder: Europe’s Migration Crisis

May 13, 2015 Comments off

CFR Backgrounder: Europe’s Migration Crisis
Source: Council on Foreign Relations

The growing numbers of migrants and asylum seekers fleeing turmoil in Africa and the Middle East poses complex challenges for European policymakers still grappling with weak economic growth and fractured national politics. Europe, according to a 2014 report from the International Organization for Migration, is currently the most dangerous destination for irregular migration in the world, and the Mediterranean Sea the world’s most dangerous border crossing. To date, the European Union’s collective response to its growing migrant crisis has been ad hoc and, critics charge, more focused on securing the bloc’s borders than on protecting the rights of migrants and refugees. With nationalist parties ascendant in many member states and concerns about Islamic terrorism looming large across the continent, it remains unclear if political headwinds will facilitate a new climate of immigration reform.

From Humanitarian to Economic: The Changing Face of Vietnamese Migration

May 5, 2015 Comments off

From Humanitarian to Economic: The Changing Face of Vietnamese Migration
Source: Migration Policy Institute

Although war and conflict forced the majority of Vietnamese migration that occurred in the second half of the 20th century, Vietnam’s tremendous economic growth has driven recent migration to and from the country. No longer are the indelible images of people on unseaworthy boats trying to survive pirates to reach refuge on foreign shores the face of Vietnamese migration. With a decade of real gross domestic product (GDP) growth of more than 5 percent annually, unemployment below 6 percent, and a growing labor force, the face of Vietnamese migration today is more likely to be a student pursuing an overseas education, a construction worker in the Middle East, or a Chinese or Canadian tourist visiting the beaches of Nha Trang and boating in Ha Long Bay.

Immigrant and Refugee Workers in the Early Childhood Field: Taking a Closer Look

May 1, 2015 Comments off

Immigrant and Refugee Workers in the Early Childhood Field: Taking a Closer Look
Source: Migration Policy Institute

The face of the young child population in the United States is rapidly changing. Today, children of immigrants account for one in four of all those under age 6, and represent all the net growth in this population since 1990. With research consistently showing the importance of early learning experiences in setting the stage for children’s healthy development and academic success, it is increasingly clear that these demographic changes point to the need for a diverse, well-qualified early childhood education and care (ECEC) workforce to deliver linguistically and culturally competent care.

At the same time, just as the number and share of children of immigrants have grown substantially, the foreign-born share of ECEC workers has also risen: immigrants now account for nearly one-fifth of the overall ECEC workforce. However, these immigrant workers—and the linguistic and cultural diversity that they bring to the field—are highly over-represented in lower-skilled and lower-paying sectors of the profession such as family-based child-care workers; few hold leadership positions as center directors or work as prekindergarten (pre-K) teachers. Despite the increasing demand for culturally and linguistically sensitive ECEC services, these competencies are often not recognized as important for ECEC workers; less than one-quarter of the workforce speaks a language other than English, and there is a mismatch between the growing diversity of languages spoken by immigrant children and families and the languages typically spoken by the ECEC workforce.

Hispanic Immigration and US Economic Growth

April 30, 2015 Comments off

Hispanic Immigration and US Economic Growth
Source: IHS

The US economy is nearing a period when the pace of labor force growth will slow sharply as an ever larger fraction of the baby-boomer generation retires. At the same time, employment of the Hispanic population will continue to show strong growth, even under conservative assumptions about Hispanic immigration. This report presents the results of projections of future US labor force and employment growth, disaggregated to identify differing trends for the Hispanic and non-Hispanic populations.

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EU Council Library Think Tank Review — Issue 23/2015

April 30, 2015 Comments off

EU Council Library Think Tank Review — Issue 23/2015
Source: General Secretariat of the Council of the EU (Central Library)

Welcome to issue 23 of the Think Tank Review compiled by the EU Council Library. It gives a short abstract of papers published in March 2015, with a link to the full text.

This month’s exceptionally rich Review has a focus on the economy, with several think tanks looking at the details of the ECB’s quantitative easing, comparing it to precedents elsewhere, or trying to ascertain the impact of QE and other measures on one or more Member States.

The Special Focus of this Review covers immigration and asylum, with papers looking at models of refugee distribution (Konrad Adenauer Stiftung), the Dublin system (Migration Policy Institute), labour migration from the EU and third countries in Germany and Denmark (Bertelsmann Stiftung, IFRI and Taenketanken Europa).

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