AMTA Releases White Paper on Music Therapy & Military
Source: American Music Therapy Association
The American Music Therapy Association (AMTA) announces the publication of Music Therapy and Military Populations: A Status Report and Recommendations on Music Therapy Treatment, Programs, Research, and Practice Policy. This landmark report discusses the profession of music therapy with a focus on both active duty service members and veterans.
The music therapy profession’s rich, enduring contributions to readiness, rehabilitation, recovery, and wellness among America’s military populations are explored. The white paper presents exemplary model programs and highlights the strong foundation of published research and evidence to inform practice. This information provides the groundwork to improve access to music therapy services among military populations and inform strategic plans for expanded and prioritized implementation of music therapy programs, research, and practice policy in the military.
Staging Exclusive & Interactive Experiences: The Case of Music & Craft
Source: Martin Prosperity Institute
With declining entry barriers, digital technologies and global integration, the marketplace for cultural products – including music and craft – has become saturated and highly competitive. Indeed, Apple’s iTunes music store offers over 37 millions songs and Etsy listed over 34 million new cultural products in 2013. This ‘dilemma of democratization’ curtails the ability of independent cultural producers to command monopoly rents. In response, cultural entrepreneurs are developing innovative strategies to market and monetize their products and to ‘stand out’ in the crowded marketplace (Hracs et al. 2013). This chapter contributes to our understanding of the experience economy, consumption and entrepreneurship by examining the ways in which poorly understood independent cultural producers are using experiences as standalone products to help supplement and promote their goods and services. In particular, it demonstrates how local producers are manipulating four different aspects of their experience offerings (exclusivity, interactivity, space and time) and harnessing consumer desires for symbolic value, authenticity and creative expression.
State of the Media: Audio Today 2014
No matter where you are in America, the radio is always on. The original mass medium, radio today reaches more than 90 percent of everyone in the U.S. on a weekly basis. This enormous reach stretches across demographics, ethnicities and geographies as listeners engage every day with stations in their local markets on matters important to them.
Audio is available on multiple platforms, in real time, wherever consumers want to listen on more than 16,000 stations across the country covering 50 different formats. Radio is also a hyper-local medium serving every unique community from one coast to the other.
Audio consumers are listening for more than 2.5 hours every day, and one of radio’s best-kept secrets is its ability to reach a highly qualified audience right before they arrive to shop. And audio consumers have money to spend because more than two-thirds of the weekly audience works full-time, tuning in during the working day, away from home.
Free registration required to download full report.
Media’s role in broadcasting acute stress following the Boston Marathon bombings
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Media coverage of collective traumas may trigger psychological distress in individuals outside the directly affected community. We examined whether repeated media exposure to the Boston Marathon bombings was associated with acute stress and compared the impact of direct exposure (being at/near the bombings) vs. media exposure (bombing-related television, radio, print, online, and social media coverage) on acute stress. We conducted an Internet-based survey 2–4 wk postbombings with a nationally representative sample and representative subsamples from Boston and New York (4,675 adults). Repeated bombing-related media exposure was associated with higher acute stress than was direct exposure. Media coverage following collective traumas can diffuse acute stress widely. This unique study compares the impact of direct vs. indirect media-based community trauma exposure on acute stress responses.
Generational Differences in Perceptions of Military Advertising and Organizational Commitment (PDF)
Source: Association for Business Communication
The purpose of this pilot experiment was to compare and evaluate the attitudinal differences between generations about military service and its potential impact on military recruitment. Affective commitment is a concept that is typically associated with the organizational communication and psychology literature, but previous research has shown that consumers’ evaluative responses to advertisements and brands can lead consumers to develop commitment to those brands in much the same way that employees develop commitment to their organizations (Cistulli, Snyder & Jacobs, 2012). Participants evaluated current ads produced by the military and were asked to answer survey questions using instruments based on previous advertising attitudinal and organizational commitment research. Respondents from previously categorized generations (Gen Y and Baby Boomers) were asked to fill out the surveys. Results indicate that military ads have a high recall rate across all generations. T-tests showed significant differences between generations on attitude toward the military, affective commitment, normative commitment, personal enlistment discussion and enlistment referral discussion. The potential social implications of these results are discussed.
Seven Principles for Adapting to the New Digital World
Source: World Economic Forum
- New principles developed through World Economic Forum call for global collaboration to address the borderless nature of digital media
- Internet users report relatively low awareness of laws regulating the use of digital content
- Over 100 experts from media and technology industry, government, civil society and thought leaders, including innovators and artists, contributed to the principles
Missed Opportunities? Tweens and Educational Media
Source: Joan Ganz Cooney Center
Kids spend several hours every day with screen media – watching TV, surfing the Internet, playing video games, exploring computer apps, and so on. How much of that time is well spent? According to a new study from the Cooney Center, children aged 2-10 devote nearly an hour a day to media content that parents consider educational. That sounds like good news. By the age of 12, if that finding were consistent across the age span, that equals more time than is spent in the classroom over two full school years. But this new study also tells us the picture is not so rosy.
Use of educational media is heavily concentrated in early childhood, mostly between 2-4 years of age. It drops almost in half by the time kids are 5-7 years old, and roughly in half again for ages 8-10. A separate trend shows that as children grow, they increase their total time using screen media significantly. Put these two findings together, and one sees a badly missed opportunity. Older children watch the most screen media, yet spend the least amount of time with any educational content.
TMT Predictions 2014
TMT Predictions’ objective is to identify critical inflection points we believe should inform industry strategic thinking, and to explain how we think these will manifest over the next 12-18 months for companies in Technology, Media, Telecommunications (TMT), and other industries.
Aereo and FilmOn X: Internet Television Streaming and Copyright Law (PDF)
Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists)
Aereo and FilmOn X stream television programming over the Internet for a monthly subscription fee. Aereo and FilmOn’s technology permits subscribers to watch both live broadcast television in addition to already-aired programming. Their use of this development in technology has triggered multiple lawsuits from broadcasting companies alleging copyright violations. These cases reveal not only multiple interpretations of copyright law and its application to new and developing technologies but also a possible “loophole” in the law, which some have accused Aereo and FilmOn of exploiting.
E-Reading Rises as Device Ownership Jumps
Source: Pew Internet & American Life Project
The proportion of Americans who read e-books is growing, but few have completely replaced print books for electronic versions.
The percentage of adults who read an e-book in the past year has risen to 28%, up from 23% at the end of 2012. At the same time, about seven in ten Americans reported reading a book in print, up four percentage points after a slight dip in 2012, and 14% of adults listened to an audiobook.
Though e-books are rising in popularity, print remains the foundation of Americans’ reading habits. Most people who read e-books also read print books, and just 4% of readers are “e-book only.” Audiobook listeners have the most diverse reading habits overall, while fewer print readers consume books in other formats.
Mining Videos from the Web for Electronic Textbooks
Source: Microsoft Research
We propose a system for mining videos from the web for supplementing the content of electronic textbooks in order to enhance their utility. Textbooks are generally organized into sections such that each section explains very few concepts and every concept is primarily explained in one section. Building upon these principles from the education literature and drawing upon the theory of Formal Concept Analysis, we define the focus of a section in terms of a few indicia, which themselves are combinations of concept phrases uniquely present in the section. We identify videos relevant for a section by ensuring that at least one of the indicia for the section is present in the video and measuring the extent to which the video contains the concept phrases occurring in different indicia for the section. Our user study employing two corpora of textbooks on different subjects from two countries demonstrate that our system is able to find useful videos, relevant to individual sections.
The mediation of distant suffering: an empirical contribution beyond television news texts
Source: Media Culture Society
This article draws on the results of a large-scale audience study to examine how audiences respond to mediated encounters with distant suffering on UK television. The research involved two phases of focus groups separated by a two-month diary study. Research participants’ mediated experiences of distant suffering were generally characterised by indifference and solitary enjoyment, with respect to distant and dehumanised distant others. However, the results also signal that, in various ways, non-news factual television programming offers spectators a more proximate, active and complex mediated experience of distant suffering than television news.
A Year in Review: 2013 PLOS ONE Papers in the Media
Source: PLoS ONE
Tired of year-end lists? We know you’ve got room for at least one more. 2013 was a great year for PLOS ONE media coverage: We had over 5,000 news stories on over 1450 published articles.
The PLOS ONE press team poured tirelessly over the list to whittle down the papers that stood out the most. In celebration of the New Year, we’d like to share some of these titles with you.
Tyndall Report — 2013 Year in Review
Source: Tyndall Report
2013 marks the year when ABC World News finally rejected the mission of presenting a serious newscast. ABC covered all four of the major domestic policy stories least heavily: the Budget debate, the Healthcare rollout, Gun control, and National Security Agency surveillance. Same with foreign policy: ABC spent least time on the civil war in Syria and its chemical weapons disarmament, the military coup in Egypt, and on Afghanistan.
Instead, ABC stepped up its coverage of Sports and Show Business, and highlighted morning-style reporters Ginger Zee (weather) and Paula Faris (personal finance tips). Weather aside, the only major stories that ABC covered competitively were True Crime — the George Zimmerman trial and Ariel Castro’s Cleveland hell house — and Celebrity: London’s baby prince. ABC’s newscast is now certifiably Disneyfied.
All three newscasts overcovered the Story of the Year. The pressure-cooker bombs at the finish line of the Boston Marathon killed only three people. Yet emotional video from the scene and an all-out manhunt in a grieving city made up for the lack of carnage.
In contrast to ABC, NBC’s DC Bureau was heavily used, housing four of the top eight correspondents, led by Tom Costello, a latterday Robert Hager. Yet it was CBS that covered both foreign policy and those four major policy debates in most depth. Unusually, Nancy Cordes, its lead Beltway correspondent, was based on Capitol Hill rather than at the White House.
The Most Newsworthy Man of the Year was Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, who kept the Boston manhunt alive. The Woman was Health Secretary Kathleen Sebelius for botching Obamacare.
Two Randomized Trials Provide No Consistent Evidence for Nonmusical Cognitive Benefits of Brief Preschool Music Enrichment
Young children regularly engage in musical activities, but the effects of early music education on children’s cognitive development are unknown. While some studies have found associations between musical training in childhood and later nonmusical cognitive outcomes, few randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have been employed to assess causal effects of music lessons on child cognition and no clear pattern of results has emerged. We conducted two RCTs with preschool children investigating the cognitive effects of a brief series of music classes, as compared to a similar but non-musical form of arts instruction (visual arts classes, Experiment 1) or to a no-treatment control (Experiment 2). Consistent with typical preschool arts enrichment programs, parents attended classes with their children, participating in a variety of developmentally appropriate arts activities. After six weeks of class, we assessed children’s skills in four distinct cognitive areas in which older arts-trained students have been reported to excel: spatial-navigational reasoning, visual form analysis, numerical discrimination, and receptive vocabulary. We initially found that children from the music class showed greater spatial-navigational ability than did children from the visual arts class, while children from the visual arts class showed greater visual form analysis ability than children from the music class (Experiment 1). However, a partial replication attempt comparing music training to a no-treatment control failed to confirm these findings (Experiment 2), and the combined results of the two experiments were negative: overall, children provided with music classes performed no better than those with visual arts or no classes on any assessment. Our findings underscore the need for replication in RCTs, and suggest caution in interpreting the positive findings from past studies of cognitive effects of music instruction.
Duplicate News Story Detection Revisited
Source: Microsoft Research
In this paper, we investigate near-duplicate detection, particularly looking at the detection of evolving news stories. These stories often consist primarily of syndicated information, with local replacement of headlines, captions, and the addition of locally-relevant content. By detecting near-duplicates, we can offer users only those stories with content materially different from previously-viewed versions of the story. We expand on previous work and improve the performance of near-duplicate document detection by weighting the phrases in a sliding window based on the term frequency within the document of terms in that window and inverse document frequency of those phrases. We experiment on a subset of a publicly available web collection that is comprised solely of documents from news web sites.
News articles are particularly challenging due to the prevalence of syndicated articles, where very similar articles are run with different headlines and surrounded by different HTML markup and site templates. We evaluate these algorithmic weightings using human judgments to determine similarity. We find that our techniques outperform the state of the art with statistical significance and are more discriminating when faced with a diverse collection of documents.
Political advertisers and TV stations ignore disclosure rules
Source: Sunlight Foundation
In a 2003 Supreme Court opinion on the biggest campaign reforms in a generation, Justice Stephen Breyer reflected on a little-known provision that required outside groups to disclose additional details about their political ad spending at local TV stations. “Recordkeeping can help both the regulatory agencies and the public evaluate broadcasting fairness,” Breyer wrote, “and determine the amount of money that individuals or groups, supporters or opponents, intend to spend to help elect a particular candidate.”
But a decade after the Supreme Court ruling, an extensive review of these documents by the Sunlight Foundation reveals that TV stations often fail to report even the most basic information about the political ads that outside groups buy on their airwaves. As a result, the records that Breyer said would facilitate public watchdogging are spotty or don’t exist. There’s no way to total reliably how much is being spent for or against a candidate, or, in some cases, who is doing the spending. A systematic review of 200 randomly-selected ad buys made by outside groups found that fewer than 1 in 6 ads targeting federal candidates disclosed the name of the candidate or election mentioned.
Such omissions deprive the voting public of important information. TV ad files have become an increasingly important tool for tracking otherwise undisclosed political spending by groups that run the gamut from well-known trade associations and unions to lesser-known operations whose anodyne names offer little information about the financial or political interests behind them: “Americans for Job Security,” for instance, or “Checks and Balances for Economic Growth.” In the wake of court decisions making it easier to route big money through outside groups, broadcast political TV ads jumped to an estimated $5.6 billion in 2012 — up 30% from 2008. Yet in spite of this massive payday, stations still find it hard to fill out paperwork about their benefactors.