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Archive for the ‘Transportation Research Board’ Category

Factors Contributing to Median Encroachments and Cross-Median Crashes

October 16, 2014 Comments off

Factors Contributing to Median Encroachments and Cross-Median Crashes
Source: Transportation Research Board

TRB’s National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 790: Factors Contributing to Median Encroachments and Cross-Median Crashes investigates the factors that contribute to median-related crashes and identifies design treatments and countermeasures that can be applied to improve median safety on divided highways.

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Analysis of Naturalistic Driving Study Data: Safer Glances, Driver Inattention, and Crash Risk

October 2, 2014 Comments off

Analysis of Naturalistic Driving Study Data: Safer Glances, Driver Inattention, and Crash Risk
Source: Transportation Research Board

This research aims to determine the relationship between driver inattention and crash risk in lead-vehicle precrash scenarios. It seeks to develop inattention-risk relationships describing how an increase in inattention performance variables combines with context in lead-vehicle precrash scenarios to increase risk. The inattention-risk relationships are intended to show which glance behaviors are safer than others and pinpoint the most dangerous glances away from the road. The results should support distraction policy, regulation, guidelines; improve intelligent vehicle safety systems; and teach safe glance behaviors.

Maintaining Transit Effectiveness Under Major Financial Constraints

October 1, 2014 Comments off

Maintaining Transit Effectiveness Under Major Financial Constraints
Source: Transportation Research Board

TRB’s Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) Synthesis 112: Maintaining Transit Effectiveness Under Major Financial Constraints discusses transit agencies that implemented plans to increase their cost effectiveness and how the agencies communicated with their communities during challenging fiscal circumstances.

Incorporating Truck Analysis into the Highway Capacity Manual

September 29, 2014 Comments off

Incorporating Truck Analysis into the Highway Capacity Manual
Source: Transportation Research Board

TRB’s National Cooperative Freight Research Program (NCFRP) Report 31: Incorporating Truck Analysis into the Highway Capacity Manual presents capacity and level-of-service techniques to improve transportation agencies’ abilities to plan, design, manage, and operate streets and highways to serve trucks. The techniques also assist agencies’ ability to evaluate the effects of trucks on other modes of transportation.

These techniques are being incorporated into the Highway Capacity Manual, but will be useful to planners and designers working on projects with significant truck traffic.

Use of Mobility Devices on Paratransit Vehicles and Buses

September 26, 2014 Comments off

Use of Mobility Devices on Paratransit Vehicles and Buses
Source: Transportation Research Board

TRB’s Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) Report 171: Use of Mobility Devices on Paratransit Vehicles and Buses describes the current and emerging issues which limit the use of mobility devices in paratransit vehicles and buses, and includes a guidance document to assist transit systems, manufacturers, and transit users in the implementation of potential accessible design and accommodation solutions for the short and long term.

Airport Terminal Incident Response Planning

September 10, 2014 Comments off

Airport Terminal Incident Response Planning
Source: Transportation Research Board

TRB’s Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) Report 112: Airport Terminal Incident Response Planning summarizes the development and use of a tool that creates and maintains integrated incident response plans that address hazards in and around airport terminals.

The Airport Terminal Incident Response Plan (TIRP) tool, available on the CD-ROM that accompanies the report, assists in the development of a response plan to help mitigate the impact of events on terminal users. In addition to the TIRP tool, the report contains a user’s guide that provides a step-by-step process of generating incident response plans.

Developing Best-Practice Guidelines for Improving Bus Operator Health and Retention

September 8, 2014 Comments off

Developing Best-Practice Guidelines for Improving Bus Operator Health and Retention
Source: Transportation Research Board

TRB’s Transit Cooperative Research Program (TCRP) Report 169: Developing Best-Practice Guidelines for Improving Bus Operator Health and Retention addresses some of the health and safety issues common throughout the transit industry, and describes approaches that transit organizations in the United States and Canada have taken to address health problems faced by transit employees.

The report is supplemented by a presentation, Making the Case for Transit Workplace Health Protection and Promotion, and an Excel worksheet, Transit Operator Workplace Health Protection and Promotion Planning, Evaluation, and ROI Template, that may assist transit agencies with implementing and carrying out transit-specific programs to protect the health of bus operators and other employees.

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