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EU — Cloning of animals

December 12, 2014 Comments off

Cloning of animals
Source: European Parliamentary Research Service

Cloning animals means creating animals by using the genetic material from a cell from another animal. It is a form of asexual reproduction performed in a laboratory. The closest natural analogy to a clone is identical twins. As identical twins, clones and cell donor animals share exactly the same genetic information (DNA). Cloning does not involve any genetic modification. In fact, the clone is a near exact genetic copy of the donor animal. Currently, cloning is used for research purposes in the EU.

At present food from clones is regulated and subject to a European Union (EU) authorisation under the Regulation (EC) No 258/97 on Novel Food. According to this regulation, food products from cloned animals have been subject to a pre-market authorisation. Member States report that no cloning is taking place on their territory for food production, so no application has been submitted so far and therefore no authorisation granted.

Vending Contradictions: Snack and Beverage Options on Public Property

December 10, 2014 Comments off

Vending Contradictions: Snack and Beverage Options on Public Property (PDF)
Source: Center for Science in the Public Interest

Obesity and poor nutrition are contributing to high rates of heart disease, diabetes, and other diet‐related chronic diseases, which diminish Americans’ quality of life and increase healthcare costs. The foods and beverages that are available in our surroundings have a strong influence on what and how much people eat. Unfortunately, many of the foods available in our daily food environments are unhealthy.

As a way to make sure that healthier options are available in vending machines on public property, many states and localities are starting to ensure a certain percentage of food and beverage options meet nutrition standards (sometimes referred to as food service guidelines or procurement policies). Increasing access to healthier options helps to create more supportive food environments for government employees, visitors to public property, and participants in government‐sponsored programs. Though many states, counties, and cities are considering healthy vending policies, the majority do not yet have policies in place.

This study revealed that vending machines on state and local property are stocked primarily with unhealthy products. Fifty‐eight percent of beverages were sugar‐sweetened beverages. Of the 42% that were “healthier” options: 16% were water, 23% were low‐calorie beverages, and 3% were 100% juice. Vended food offerings were overwhelmingly unhealthy. Candy (32%) was the most prevalent item in food vending machines on public property, followed by chips (24%) and sweet baked goods (15%). These three items together represented over 80% of the products available in food vending machines on public property. Only 5% of vended foods were healthy options, such as fruits, vegetables, or nuts.

Seventy-Five Percent of Airport Restaurants Offer Healthful Meals, According to 2014 Airport Food Review

December 9, 2014 Comments off

Seventy-Five Percent of Airport Restaurants Offer Healthful Meals, According to 2014 Airport Food Review
Source: Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine

Here’s a helpful tip for holiday travelers: 75 percent of restaurants at 23 of the nation’s busiest airports offer at least one cholesterol-free, plant-based, fiber-packed meal, according to a new report from registered dietitians at the nonprofit Physicians Committee.

Baltimore/Washington Airport ties with Newark Liberty for the most improved airport this year and takes the lead with 92 percent of its restaurants offering nutritious fare. Seattle-Tacoma International and Los Angeles International follow close behind with a score of 90 and 88 percent, respectively. Even though Atlanta comes in last, roughly half of its airport eateries are moving vegetables, whole grains, and legumes to the center of the plate.

Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures and Tariff-Rate Quotas for U.S. Meat Exports to the European Union

December 8, 2014 Comments off

Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures and Tariff-Rate Quotas for U.S. Meat Exports to the European Union
Source: USDA Economic Research Service

The EU is one of the world’s largest producers and consumers of beef, pork, and poultry, but EU tariff-rate quotas (TRQs) and sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) policies continue to limit imports of U.S. meats.

Census Bureau Releases Industry Series Report on Accommodation and Food Services Sector

December 5, 2014 Comments off

Census Bureau Releases Industry Series Report on Accommodation and Food Services Sector
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

The U.S. Census Bureau today released additional national-level data from the 2012 Economic Census Industry Series reports for the accommodation and food services sector of the economy. This release includes new statistics on the nation’s 63,896 accommodation businesses (NAICS 721), which reported sales of $195.4 billion and employed nearly 2.0 million people in 2012.

FDA finalizes menu and vending machine calorie labeling rules

December 4, 2014 Comments off

FDA finalizes menu and vending machine calorie labeling rules
Source: U.S. Food and Drug Administration

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today finalized two rules requiring that calorie information be listed on menus and menu boards in chain restaurants, similar retail food establishments and vending machines with 20 or more locations to provide consumers with more nutritional information about the foods they eat outside of the home. The rules are required by the 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.

Measuring Access to Healthful, Affordable Food in American Indian and Alaska Native Tribal Areas

December 4, 2014 Comments off

Measuring Access to Healthful, Affordable Food in American Indian and Alaska Native Tribal Areas
Source: USDA Economic Research Service

The study compares distances to outlets for obtaining healthy, affordable food in tribal areas to those for the general U.S. population, with implications for improving the health of tribal populations.

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