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EU — Material deprivation statistics – early results

April 3, 2015 Comments off

Material deprivation statistics – early results
Source: Eurostat

Eurostat disseminates early results for severe material deprivation rates so that trends in poverty levels can be tracked more closely. 2014 data are available for over half the European Union (EU) Member States, and Iceland. The coverage and the timeliness is expected to increase in the coming years. Latvia and Hungary have provided final data for the early results, while Belgium, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Greece, Spain, Italy, Malta, Austria, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland, the United Kingdom and Iceland have transmitted provisional data. Early EU-28 aggregates are not yet available for 2014, as not all Member States have transmitted final or provisional material deprivation variables.

In 2014, of the countries that sent data to Eurostat, early severe material deprivation rates increased for Greece (+1.4 percentage points), Belgium and Spain (both +0.8 pp) and for Malta (+0.7 pp) The rates fell significantly in Bulgaria (-9.9 pp), Latvia (-4.8 pp), Poland (-1.5 pp), Hungary (- 2.9 pp), Estonia (-1.4 pp), Italy and United Kingdom (both -1.0 pp). No large variations were seen in the other countries for which data is available.

Renewable energy in the EU – Share of renewables in energy consumption up to 15% in the EU in 2013 – Three Member States already achieved their 2020 targets

March 12, 2015 Comments off

Renewable energy in the EU – Share of renewables in energy consumption up to 15% in the EU in 2013 – Three Member States already achieved their 2020 targets
Source: Eurostat

In 2013, the share of energy from renewable sources in gross final consumption of energy reached 15.0% in the European Union (EU), compared with 8.3% in 2004, the first year for which the data is available.

Foreign Direct Investment stocks at the end of 2013 – EU was a net investor in the rest of the world – The United States, by far the main partner of the EU

February 16, 2015 Comments off

Foreign Direct Investment stocks at the end of 2013 – EU was a net investor in the rest of the world – The United States, by far the main partner of the EU
Source: Eurostat

Data on FDI stocks help to quantify the impact of globalisation and provide a measurement of longstanding economic links between countries. They measure the accumulated value of all FDI carried out in the past.

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EU — Acquisition of citizenship statistics

December 16, 2014 Comments off

Acquisition of citizenship statistics
Source: Eurostat

This article presents recent statistics on the acquisition of citizenship in the European Union (EU).

In 2012, 818 100 people obtained citizenship of an EU-28 Member State, an increase of 4.0 % compared with 2011; More people had acquired the citizenship of an EU Member State than in any other year during the period from 2002 to 2011. The main contribution to the increase at EU level came from United Kingdom (+16 300), followed by Ireland (+14 300) and Sweden (+13 500). The increase in Ireland, however, is a consequence of the efforts in the past two years to reduce the backlog of citizenship applications.

Most new citizenships in 2012 were granted by the United Kingdom (193 900 or 24 %), Germany (114 600 or 14 %), France (96 100 or 12 %), Spain (94 100 or 12 %) and Italy (65 400 or 8.0 %).

Of those acquiring citizenship of an EU-28 Member State, 87 % had previously been citizens of non-EU countries. Of these, citizens of Morocco and Turkey made up the highest numbers, followed by citizens of India, Ecuador and Iraq.

At risk of poverty or social exclusion in the EU28: More than 120 million persons at risk of poverty or social exclusion in 2013

December 12, 2014 Comments off

At risk of poverty or social exclusion in the EU28: More than 120 million persons at risk of poverty or social exclusion in 2013 (PDF)
Source: Eurostat

In 2013, 122.6 million people, or 24.5% of the population, in the EU were at risk of poverty or social exclusion. This means that these people were in at least one of the following three conditions: at-risk-of-poverty after social transfers (income poverty), severely materially deprived2 or living in households with very low work intensity2. The proportion of persons at risk of poverty or social exclusion in the EU28 in 2013 (24.5%) has slightly decreased compared with 2012 (24.8%), but is higher than in 2008 (23.8%). The reduction of the number of persons at risk of poverty or social exclusion in the EU is one of the key targets of the Europe 2020 strategy.

EU — Minimum wage statistics

December 1, 2014 Comments off

Minimum wage statistics
Source: Eurostat

This article illustrates how minimum wage levels vary considerably across the European Union (EU) Member States; it also provides a comparison with the situation in the candidate countries and the United States.

Minimum wage statistics, as published by Eurostat, refer to national minimum wages. The national minimum wage usually applies to all employees, or at least to a large majority of employees in a country. It is enforced by law, often after consultation with social partners, or directly by a national intersectoral agreement.

Minimum wages are generally presented as monthly wage rates for gross earnings, that is, before the deduction of income tax and social security contributions payable by the employee; these deductions vary from country to country.

National minimum wages are published by Eurostat bi-annually. They reflect the situation on 1 January and 1 July of each year. As a consequence, modifications to minimum wages introduced between these two dates are only shown for the following bi-annual release of data.

EU — Underemployment and potential additional labour force statistics

November 5, 2014 Comments off

Underemployment and potential additional labour force statistics
Source: Eurostat

This article reports on three forms of unemployment in the European Union (EU) which are not covered by the ILO definition of unemployment. They are: underemployed part-time workers, jobless persons seeking a job but not immediately available for work and jobless persons available for work but not seeking it. These three groups do not meet all criteria of the ILO unemployment definition i.e. being without work, actively seeking work, and being available for work. However, while not being captured through the unemployment rate, these groups still represent a form of unmet demand for employment. For this reason they constitute ‘halos’ around unemployment. While underemployed part-time workers form already part of the labour force, persons seeking work but not immediately available and persons available to work but not seeking are outside the labour force, but could be seen and termed as a ‘potential additional labour force’. Underemployment and potential additional labour force are indicators designed to supplement the unemployment rate to provide a more complete picture of the labour market.

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