Archive for the ‘infrastructure’ Category

Your Cybersecurity Crash Course

February 9, 2015 Comments off

Your Cybersecurity Crash Course (PDF)
Source: GovLoop

At GovLoop, we see information security as the defining challenge of this era of government: How can government meet security demands against modernization? This is by no means an easy task and, unfortunately, it does not yet have a definitive solution. But this guide will challenge you to build a culture of cybersecurity. We’re calling on you to be cyber champions, to learn the best ways to communicate cybersecurity needs across your agency. This guide will help you think about larger cybersecurity trends and create an environment that has the agility to respond to new and emerging threats.

To produce our guide, we asked our online community of more 100,000 government professionals about their cybersecurity challenges and concerns. In this report you’ll find answers to 12 cybersecurity questions:

  1. What does it mean to be secure?
  2. What’s critical infrastructure? Why is it at risk?
  3. How do we recruit and retain the next generation of cyber professionals?
  4. I am not a cyber professional — why should I care about cybersecurity?
  5. How can we create a culture of cyber awareness at our agency?
  6. How can my agency use the NIST Cybersecurity Framework?
  7. What are some strategies to combat insider threats?
  8. What kinds of attacks are we most vulnerable to?
  9. How can automation help us become more efficient to combat cyberattacks?
  10. What do I need to know about the Continuous Diagnostics and Mitigation program?
  11. What is our plan when we are attacked?
  12. What do I need to know about cybersecurity and the Internet of Things?

UK — Public sector telecommunications and digital infrastructure maps

February 9, 2015 Comments off

Public sector telecommunications and digital infrastructure maps
Source: Cabinet Office

This report provides interim maps and data for the UK public sector telecommunications and digital infrastructure.

Beyond Traffic: US DOT’s 30 Year Framework for the Future

February 3, 2015 Comments off

Beyond Traffic: US DOT’s 30 Year Framework for the Future
Source: U.S. Department of Transportation

Beyond Traffic is an invitation to the American public—including the users, developers, owners, and operators of the transportation network and the policy officials who shape it—to have a frank conversation about the shape, size, and condition of that system and how it will meet the needs and goals of our nation for decades to come.

Beyond Traffic is a draft framework for the future, it’s not prescriptive. It does not advocate for specific policy solutions. Rather, it underscores critical decision points facing the country, by means of data driven analysis, research, expert opinions and public engagement.

Advancing a Multimodal Transportation System by Eliminating Funding Restrictions

January 30, 2015 Comments off

Advancing a Multimodal Transportation System by Eliminating Funding Restrictions
Source: Center for American Progress

One of the most pervasive, durable, and detrimental myths in transportation policy is that highways pay for themselves, while public transportation does not. In reality, both modes require significant public subsidies, as user fees—such as fuel taxes and farebox revenues—cover only a portion of total costs. States and the federal government supplement these user fees with property taxes, bonding, and general revenues. On average, these nonuser fee revenues represent 26 percent of total annual highway expenditures.

Moreover, treating all highways equally obscures the fact that per-mile construction and maintenance costs, driving levels, and motor fuel tax revenues vary substantially depending on the location, size, and population around a particular road. While the overwhelming majority of driving occurs within metropolitan areas, many large urban highways and arterial roads cost substantially more money to maintain than they generate in fuel taxes. This is also true of many rural and exurban arterial roads. This means that states must cross subsidize thousands of miles of roads that generate insufficient gas tax revenues each year.

Research by the Center for American Progress shows that nearly 4 in 10 miles of interstate highway and other principal arterial roadways fail to generate enough in user fees to cover their long-term maintenance costs. For the purposes of this analysis, maintenance costs include one reconstruction and multiple resurfacings over the course of three decades while excluding the costs of land acquisition, engineering, construction, and inflation.

UK — Road traffic demand elasticities A rapid evidence assessment

January 30, 2015 Comments off

Road traffic demand elasticities A rapid evidence assessment
Source: RAND Corporation

The aim of this review was to gain a better understanding of the factors driving road transport demand for both passengers and freight in the UK by reviewing the literature on elasticity of road traffic demand, with a particular focus on key economic and demographic factors: namely, population growth, income growth and changes in fuel costs. The primary aim was to identify, by means of a rapid evidence assessment, what elasticity estimates were available in the literature with respect to these variables and, where evidence exists, how these elasticity values have changed over time, if indeed they have changed at all. The range of estimated fuel price elasticity values reported in the studies in this review is quite small (-0.1 to -0.5), although a variety of data types and methodologies were used. Fuel price elasticities will be expected to vary by distance, area type and trip purpose.

For passenger transport, reported income elasticity values are predominately in the range 0.5 to 1.4. The evidence indicates that car ownership has a strong, positive, indirect effect on the income elasticity of demand. For freight transport, elasticity estimates of economic activity are mainly in the range 0.5 to 1.5 for an aggregate commodity sector but there the evidence suggests a much greater variation between sectors.

The evidence on changes in fuel price and income elasticities of car demand over time is limited and for freight transport, the evidence is mixed. Much of the data for the UK on car traffic is rather old. This has implications for the use of elasticities in forecasting and strategic planning.

See also: Evidence review of car traffic levels in Britain: A rapid evidence assessment

Free e-book — CityLab Books: The Future of Transportation

January 27, 2015 Comments off

CityLab Books: The Future of Transportation
Source: The Atlantic

For all the mobility challenges facing American metro areas—from choked highways to poor mass transit—there’s a bounty of ideas for improving travel in and around cities. Driverless cars. Electric bicycles. Rapid buses. Express highway lanes.

CityLab covered all these ideas and more in its special nine-month series on The Future of Transportation, with reported features from every major U.S. city and opinion pieces from the leading thinkers in American mobility. This e-book includes a selection of twelve of the series’ most popular and provocative stories so the discussion, and the journey, can continue.

Commission identifies the infrastructure priorities and investment needs for the Trans-European Transport Network until 2030

January 21, 2015 Comments off

Commission identifies the infrastructure priorities and investment needs for the Trans-European Transport Network until 2030
Source: European Commission

The European Commission has published nine studies on the state of play and the development needs of the TEN-T core network corridors. The studies have identified infrastructure development needs which represent approximately €700 billion of financial investment until 2030. They highlight the importance of optimising the use of infrastructure along the corridors, notably through intelligent transport systems, efficient management and the promotion of future-oriented clean transport solutions. This is the first time that tens of thousands kilometres of rail, road, inland waterway connections, ports, airports and other transport terminals have been studied in such a comprehensive way and with a common methodology.


Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 1,013 other followers