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Archive for the ‘infrastructure’ Category

Economic & Environmental Impact of Traffic Congestion in Europe & the US

October 22, 2014 Comments off

Economic & Environmental Impact of Traffic Congestion in Europe & the US
Source: Inrix

With people in Europe and the US currently wasting on average 111 hours annually in gridlock, the impact of traffic congestion on individual driver’s time is well understood. However, new research shows traffic congestion actually does much more than test our patience. It’s a significant drain on our wallets as well our economies.

A new report by INRIX in collaboration with one of the world’s leading economic think tanks, the Centre for Economics and Business Research (CEBR), quantifies the cost of traffic congestion on individual households and national economies in the U.S., U.K., France and Germany. This is the first study of its kind to forecast the projected increases in these costs in these countries and their most congested cities between 2013 and 2030. Driven by urbanization and increased GDP per capita over the next 17 years, a few of the key findings include:

  • The combined annual cost of gridlock to these countries is expected to soar to $293.1 billion by 2030, almost a 50% increase from 2013.
  • Over this period, the cumulative cost of congestion for these economies combined is estimated to be a staggering $4.4 trillion.
  • The overall economic impact is greatest in the U.S. where the estimated cumulative cost of traffic congestion by 2030 is $2.8 trillion – the same amount Americans collectively paid in U.S. taxes last year.
  • However the UK (at 66%) and London (at 71%) will see the greatest annual rise in the cost of congestion by 2030, mainly as a result of seeing the highest increase in urbanization
  • At the individual level, traffic congestion cost drivers $1,740 last year on average across the four countries. If unchecked, this number is expected to grow more than 60% to $2,902 annually by 2030.

Free registration required to download report.

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CRS — Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources, by Topic (October 14, 2014)

October 20, 2014 Comments off

Cybersecurity: Authoritative Reports and Resources, by Topic (PDF)
Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists)

This report provides references to analytical reports on cybersecurity from CRS, other government agencies, trade associations, and interest groups. The reports and related websites are grouped under the following cybersecurity topics:
• policy overview
• National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace (NSTIC)
• cloud computing and FedRAMP
• critical infrastructure
• cybercrime, data breaches, and data security
• national security, cyber espionage, and cyberwar (including Stuxnet)
• international efforts
• education/training/workforce
• research and development (R&D)

In addition, the report lists selected cybersecurity-related websites for congressional and government agencies, news, international organizations, and organizations or institutions.

Insurance and Climate Change: Do Governments Have a Duty to Protect Property Owners?, CRS Legal Sidebar (October 16, 2014)

October 20, 2014 Comments off

Insurance and Climate Change: Do Governments Have a Duty to Protect Property Owners?, CRS Legal Sidebar (PDF)
Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists)

Federal and private insurers are well aware that if the scientific consensus is correct that climate change will cause more frequent extreme weather events, they may be making substantially increased payments in the future. Commentary on the link between climate change and insurance has become voluminous.

One of the many insurance company concerns was recently in the news: whether government can be held liable for not putting in place adequate infrastructure—or maintaining existing infrastructure—to protect against property damage from climate-change-related extreme weather.

Factors Contributing to Median Encroachments and Cross-Median Crashes

October 16, 2014 Comments off

Factors Contributing to Median Encroachments and Cross-Median Crashes
Source: Transportation Research Board

TRB’s National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP) Report 790: Factors Contributing to Median Encroachments and Cross-Median Crashes investigates the factors that contribute to median-related crashes and identifies design treatments and countermeasures that can be applied to improve median safety on divided highways.

India — Infrastructure Statistics Publication 2014

October 13, 2014 Comments off

Infrastructure Statistics Publication 2014
Source: Government of India, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation

India is one of the fastest growing economies in the world today. To sustain this economic growth we must have a matching infrastructure. For better infrastructure investment plans we need to anticipate the future requirement and capacity. Otherwise the infrastructure becomes inadequate in a few years leading to the same gap as before. For effective investment policies we must target where needed and in a holistic manner. Policies made in isolation ignoring interconnected infrastructure may not give desired results leading to investment failures. Government’s commitment to improve and expand infrastructure in the country is reflected in the investment in infrastructure during twelfth plan. The total investment in infrastructure during twelfth plan is projected at Rs. 5574663 crore as compared to Rs. 2424277 crore during eleventh plan (at 2011-12 prices).

For effective infrastructure planning and investment decisions a comprehensive database on infrastructure is needed. To meet this requirement, Central Statistics Office has compiled infrastructure statistics under six major sub sectors of infrastructure viz. Transport, Energy, Communication, Drinking Water and Sanitation, Irrigation and Storage. This is the third issue of the publication providing data that would enable to assess the status of current infrastructure, its adequacy and project the future requirements. This issue of the publication is in two volumes. Volume I includes metadata and key indicators on Infrastructure statistics and volume II gives state profiles for each infrastructure sub sector with time series data for latest five years along with graphical analysis, wherever possible.

Hat tip: IWS Documented News Service

New From the GAO

October 9, 2014 Comments off

New GAO Reports
Source: Government Accountability Office

1. Market Research: Better Documentation Needed to Inform Future Procurements at Selected Agencies. GAO-15-8, October 9.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-15-8
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/666446.pdf

2. Highway Trust Fund: DOT Has Opportunities to Improve Tracking and Reporting of Highway Spending. GAO-15-33, October 9.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-15-33
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/666441.pdf

New Research Reveals Local Government Officials Need to Get Up to Speed on Parking

October 6, 2014 Comments off

New Research Reveals Local Government Officials Need to Get Up to Speed on Parking
Source: International Parking Institute

A new survey of city and county officials shows that more than half are unaware of new parking technologies that can help alleviate traffic congestion, promote sustainability, and increase revenues, but they are eager to bridge that knowledge gap.

Conducted by American City & County magazine with the International Parking Institute (IPI), the survey asked local government decision-makers, about their jurisdictions’ parking challenges and knowledge of latest parking innovations.

The survey revealed a significant need and desire for basic knowledge and guidance on parking. Most respondents were not familiar with today’s parking technology and how it can benefit their municipalities.

Forty-four percent expressed dissatisfaction with their use of technology, and 55 percent said their city or county did not use any of 13 technologies listed in the survey. These included pay-by-mobile parking options; meters that accept credit cards; wayfinding and guidance systems that indicate space availability; systems that enhance traffic management through use of data collection and wireless technology; and sustainable solutions such as electric vehicle (EV) charging stations, solar panels, and motion-sensor lighting.

Surprisingly few cities and counties have undertaken a critical examination of their own parking operations. Just 30 percent had conducted a parking study in the last five years; 12 percent had never conducted a study; and 22 percent did not know if or when a study might have been conducted.

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