Archive

Archive for the ‘Native Americans’ Category

New From the GAO

March 27, 2014 Comments off

New GAO Reports
Source: Government Accountability Office

1. Canceled DOD Programs: DOD Needs to Better Use Available Guidance and Manage Reusable Assets. GAO-14-77, March 27.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-77
Highlights - http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/662018.pdf

2. Native American Housing: Additional Actions Needed to Better Support Tribal Efforts. GAO-14-255, March 27.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-255
Highlights - http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/662064.pdf

3. Major Automated Information Systems: Selected Defense Programs Need to Implement Key Acquisition Practices. GAO-14-309, March 27.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-309
Highlights - http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/662046.pdf

4. Manufacturing Extension Partnership: Most Federal Spending Directly Supports Work with Manufacturers, but Distribution Could Be Improved. GAO-14-317, March 27.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-317
Highlights - http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/662014.pdf

5. Defense Infrastructure: DOD’s 2013 Facilities Corrosion Study Addressed Reporting Elements. GAO-14-337R, March 27.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-337R

6. Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute: Review of the Audit of the Financial Statements for 2013 and 2012. GAO-14-415R, March 27.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-415R

About these ads

CRS — Tribal Jurisdiction over Nonmembers – A Legal Overview

February 19, 2014 Comments off

Tribal Jurisdiction over Nonmembers – A Legal Overview (PDF)
Source: Congressional Research Service (via MSPB Watch)

Indian tribes are quasi-sovereign entities that enjoy all the sovereign powers that are not divested by Congress or inconsistent with the tribes’ dependence on the United States. As a general rule, this means that Indian tribes cannot exercise criminal or civil jurisdiction over nonmembers. There are two exceptions to this rule for criminal jurisdiction. First, tribes may exercise criminal jurisdiction over nonmember Indians. Second, tribes may try non-Indians who commit dating and domestic violence crimes against Indians within the tribes’ jurisdictions provided the non-Indians have sufficient ties to the tribes. There are three exceptions to this rule for civil jurisdiction. First, tribes may exercise jurisdiction over nonmembers who enter consensual relationships with the tribe or its members. Second, tribes may exercise jurisdiction over nonmembers within a reservation when the nonmember’s conduct threatens or has some direct effect on the political integrity, the economic security, or the health or welfare of the tribe. These first two exceptions, enunciated in the case of Montana v. United States, are based on the tribes’ inherent sovereignty, and exercises of jurisdiction under them must relate to a tribe’s right to self-government. Third, Indian tribes may exercise jurisdiction over nonmembers when Congress authorizes them to do so. Congress may delegate federal authority to the tribes, or re-vest the tribes with inherent sovereign authority that they had lost previously. Indian tribes may also exercise jurisdiction over nonmembers under their power to exclude persons from tribal property. However, it is not clear whether the power to exclude is independent of the Montana exceptions.

The question of a tribe’s jurisdiction over nonmembers can be very complex. It is fair to say, however, that tribal jurisdiction over non-Indians is quite limited. Tribal jurisdiction over nonmember Indians is more extensive. Federal courts, however, consistently require nonmember defendants to challenge tribal court jurisdiction in tribal court before pursuing relief in federal court.

American Indian and Alaska Native Tribes for the United States, Regions, Divisions, States, and Puerto Rico: 2010

December 30, 2013 Comments off

American Indian and Alaska Native Tribes for the United States, Regions, Divisions, States, and Puerto Rico: 2010
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

This set of 66 statistical tables shows the numeric distribution of the American Indian and Alaska Native population by tribe from the 2010 Census.

New From the GAO

December 11, 2013 Comments off

New GAO Reports and Testimony
Source: Government Accountability Office

Reports

1. Modernizing the Nuclear Security Enterprise: NNSA’s Budget Estimates Do Not Fully Align with Plans. GAO-14-45, December 11.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-45
Highlights - http://www.gao.gov/assets/660/659612.pdf

2. Indian Health Service: Opportunities May Exist to Improve the Contract Health Services Program. GAO-14-57, December 11.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-57
Highlights - http://www.gao.gov/assets/660/659603.pdf

3. Dodd-Frank Regulations: Agencies Conducted Regulatory Analyses and Coordinated but Could Benefit from Additional Guidance on Major Rules. GAO-14-67, December 11.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-67
Highlights - http://www.gao.gov/assets/660/659587.pdf

4. Defense Management: Actions Needed to Ensure National Guard and Reserve Headquarters are Sized to Be Efficient. GAO-14-71, November 12.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-71
Highlights - http://www.gao.gov/assets/660/658979.pdf

5. Financial Audit: Office of Financial Stability (Troubled Asset Relief Program) Fiscal Years 2013 and 2012 Financial Statements. GAO-14-172R, December 11.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-172R

6. Small Business Lending Fund: Treasury Should Ensure Evaluation Includes Methods to Isolate Program Impact. GAO-14-135, December 11.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-135
Highlights - http://www.gao.gov/assets/660/659594.pdf

Testimony

1. Reverse Auctions: Guidance is Needed to Maximize Competition and Achieve Cost Savings, by Michele Mackin, director, acquisition and sourcing management, before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, House Committee on Veterans’ Affairs, and the Subcommittee on Contracting and Workforce, House Committee on Small Business. GAO-14-200T, December 11.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-200T

A Roadmap For Making Native America Safer: Report To The President And Congress Of The United States

November 22, 2013 Comments off

A Roadmap For Making Native America Safer: Report To The President And Congress Of The United States
Source: Indian Law and Order Commission

The Indian Law and Order Commission is pleased to transmit its final report and recommendations—A Roadmap For Making Native America Safer—as required by the Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010, Public Law 111-211 (TLOA). These recommendations are intended to make Native American and Alaska Native nations safer and more just for all U.S. citizens and to reduce the unacceptably high rates of violent crime that have plagued Indian country for decades. This report reflects one of the most comprehensive assessments ever undertaken of criminal justice systems servicing Native American and Alaska Native communities.

Facts for Features — American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month: November 2013

November 5, 2013 Comments off

Facts for Features — American Indian and Alaska Native Heritage Month: November 2013
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

The first American Indian Day was celebrated in May 1916 in New York. Red Fox James, a Blackfeet Indian, rode horseback from state to state, getting endorsements from 24 state governments, to have a day to honor American Indians. In 1990, President George H.W. Bush signed a joint congressional resolution designating November 1990 as “National American Indian Heritage Month.” Similar proclamations have been issued every year since 1994. This Facts for Features presents statistics for American Indians and Alaska Natives, as this is one of the six major race categories.

New From the GAO

November 4, 2013 Comments off

New GAO Reports
Source: Government Accountability Office

1. Native American Veterans: DOL Needs a Clear Plan to Improve Employment and Training Services on Tribal Lands. GAO-13-664, September 26.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-664
Highlights - http://www.gao.gov/assets/660/658213.pdf

2. Department of Homeland Security: Opportunities Exist to Enhance Visibility over Collaborative Field Mechanisms. GAO-13-734, September 27.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-734
Highlights - http://www.gao.gov/assets/660/658305.pdf

3. Small Business Innovation Research: Data Rights Protections. GAO-14-116R, November 4.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-116R

NCAI Releases Report on History and Legacy of Washington’s Harmful “Indian” Sports Mascot

October 16, 2013 Comments off

NCAI Releases Report on History and Legacy of Washington’s Harmful “Indian” Sports Mascot
Source: National Congress of American Indians

Just days after President Obama joined the growing chorus of those calling for the Washington NFL Team to consider changing its name, the team’s leadership justified the use of their “Indian” mascot as a central part of the team’s “history and legacy.” A new report released today by the National Congress of American Indians (NCAI), titled Ending the Legacy Of Racism in Sports & the Era of Harmful “Indian” Sports Mascots also outlines the team’s ugly and racist legacy, while highlighting the harmful impact of negative stereotypes on Native peoples.

The report details the position of NCAI, the nation’s oldest, largest, and most representative American Indian and Alaska Native organization.

New From the GAO

September 24, 2013 Comments off

New GAO Report
Source: Government Accountability Office

Indian Affairs: Better Management and Accountability Needed to Improve Indian Education. GAO-13-774, September 24.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-774
Highlights - http://www.gao.gov/assets/660/658072.pdf

New From the GAO

September 5, 2013 Comments off

New GAO Reports
Source: Government Accountability Office

1. Ford-Class Carriers: Lead Ship Testing and Reliability Shortfalls Will Limit Initial Fleet Capabilities. GAO-13-396, September 5.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-396
Highlights - http://www.gao.gov/assets/660/657413.pdf

2. Indian Health Service: Most American Indians and Alaska Natives Potentially Eligible for Expanded Health Coverage, but Action Needed to Increase Enrollment. GAO-13-553, September 5.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-553
Highlights - http://www.gao.gov/assets/660/657395.pdf

National Congress of American Indians: Tribal Directory

August 30, 2013 Comments off

Tribal Directory
Source: National Congress of American Indians
List by area, list by tribe name, search by keyword, or browse alphabetically. Also includes listings for tribal organizations and Alaskan Native corporations.

Wildland Fire and Aviation Program Management and Operations Guide

July 2, 2013 Comments off

Wildland Fire and Aviation Program Management and Operations Guide
Source: U.S. Department of the Interior (Bureau of Indian Affairs)

This guide is a program reference that documents policy for management and operation of the Wildland Fire and Aviation Management Program for the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA). Information presented here is based on current policy and provides program guidance to ensure safe, consistent, efficient and effective Wildland Fire and Aviation Operations.

SCOTUS Slip Opinion — Adoptive Couple v. Baby Girl

June 26, 2013 Comments off

Adoptive Couple v. Baby Girl (PDF)

Source: Supreme Court of the United States

JUSTICE ALITO delivered the opinion of the Court.

This case is about a little girl (Baby Girl) who is classified as an Indian because she is 1.2% (3/256) Cherokee. Because Baby Girl is classified in this way, the South Carolina Supreme Court held that certain provisions of the federal Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978 required her to be taken, at the age of 27 months, from the only parents she had ever known and handed over to her biological father, who had attempted to relinquish his parental rights and who had no prior contact with the child. The provisions of the federal statute at issue here do not demand this result.

Contrary to the State Supreme Court’s ruling, we hold that 25 U. S. C. §1912(f )—which bars involuntary termination of a parent’s rights in the absence of a heightened showing that serious harm to the Indian child is likely to result from the parent’s “continued custody” of the child— does not apply when, as here, the relevant parent never had custody of the child. We further hold that §1912(d)— which conditions involuntary termination of parental rights with respect to an Indian child on a showing that remedial efforts have been made to prevent the “breakup of the Indian family”—is inapplicable when, as here, the parent abandoned the Indian child before birth and never had custody of the child. Finally, we clarify that §1915(a), which provides placement preferences for the adoption of Indian children, does not bar a non-Indian family like Adoptive Couple from adopting an Indian child when no other eligible candidates have sought to adopt the child. We accordingly reverse the South Carolina Supreme Court’s judgment and remand for further proceedings.

Asians Fastest-Growing Race or Ethnic Group in 2012, Census Bureau Reports

June 13, 2013 Comments off

Asians Fastest-Growing Race or Ethnic Group in 2012, Census Bureau Reports
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

The U.S. Census Bureau announced Asians were the nation’s fastest-growing race or ethnic group in 2012. Their population rose by 530,000, or 2.9 percent, in the preceding year, to 18.9 million, according to Census Bureau annual population estimates. More than 60 percent of this growth in the Asian population came from international migration.

By comparison, the Hispanic population grew by 2.2 percent, or more than 1.1 million, to just over 53 million in 2012. The Hispanic population growth was fueled primarily by natural increase (births minus deaths), which accounted for 76 percent of Hispanic population change. Hispanics remain our nation’s second largest race or ethnic group (behind non-Hispanic whites), representing about 17 percent of the total population.

These statistics are part of a set of annual population estimates released today by race, Hispanic origin, age and sex. They examine population change for these groups nationally, as well as within all states and counties, between July 1, 2011, and July 1, 2012. Also released were population estimates for Puerto Rico and its municipios by age and sex.

“Asians and Hispanics have long been among our nation’s fastest-growing race or ethnic groups,” noted Thomas Mesenbourg, the Census Bureau’s acting director.

Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders (climbing 2.2 percent to about 1.4 million), American Indians and Alaska Natives (rising 1.5 percent to a little over 6.3 million), and blacks or African-Americans (increasing 1.3 percent to 44.5 million) followed Asians and Hispanics in percentage growth rates.

New From the GAO

April 26, 2013 Comments off

New GAO Reports and Testimonies

Source: Government Accountability Office

Reports

1. Offshore Tax Evasion: IRS Has Collected Billions of Dollars, but May be Missing Continued Evasion. GAO-13-318, March 27.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-318
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/660/653370.pdf

2. VA and IHS: Further Action Needed to Collaborate on Providing Health Care to Native American Veterans. GAO-13-354, April 26.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-354
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/660/654224.pdf

3. Missile Defense: Opportunity to Refocus on Strengthening Acquisition Management. GAO-13-432, April 26.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-432
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/660/654234.pdf

Testimonies

1. Department of Homeland Security: Opportunities Exist to Strengthen Efficiency and Effectiveness, Achieve Cost Savings, and Improve Management Functions, by Cathleen A. Berrick, managing director, homeland security and justice, before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Management Efficiency, House Committee on Homeland Security. GAO-13-547T, April 26.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-547T
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/660/654210.pdf

2. Social Security Administration: Preliminary Observations on Key Management Challenges, by Daniel Bertoni, director, education, workforce, and income security issues, before the Subcommittee on Social Security, House Committee on Ways and Means. GAO-13-545T, April 26.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-13-545T
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/660/654214.pdf

New From the GAO

April 12, 2013 Comments off

New GAO Reports

Source: Government Accountability Office

AUTOMATED TELLER MACHINES

Some Consumer Fees Have Increased
GAO-13-266, Apr 11, 2013

COMMERCIAL SPENT NUCLEAR FUEL

Observations on the Key Attributes and Challenges of Storage and Disposal Options

GAO-13-532T, Apr 11, 2013

INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE

Capping Payment Rates for Nonhospital Services Could Save Millions of Dollars for Contract Health Services

GAO-13-272, Apr 11, 2013

THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT’S LONG-TERM FISCAL OUTLOOK

Spring 2013 Update
GAO-13-481SP, Apr 11, 2013

COMMUNICATIONS NETWORKS

Outcome-Based Measures Would Assist DHS in Assessing Effectiveness of Cybersecurity Efforts

GAO-13-275, Apr 3, 2013

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

Additional Actions Needed to Enhance Program Efficiency and Resource Management

GAO-13-505T, Apr 10, 2013

EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS

NRC Needs to Better Understand Likely Public Response to Radiological Incidents at Nuclear Power Plants

GAO-13-243, Mar 11, 2013

SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATHEMATICS EDUCATION

Governmentwide Strategy Needed to Better Manage Overlapping Programs

GAO-13-529T, Apr 10, 2013

New From the GAO

April 5, 2013 Comments off

New From the GAO

February 27, 2013 Comments off

New GAO Reports

Source: Government Accountability Office

ELECTRONIC HEALTH RECORDS
Long History of Management Challenges Raises Concerns about VA’s and DOD’s New Approach to Sharing Health Information
GAO-13-413T, Feb 27, 2013

GAO’S 2013 HIGH-RISK UPDATE
Medicare and Medicaid
GAO-13-433T, Feb 27, 2013

INDIAN AFFAIRS
Management Challenges Continue to Hinder Efforts to Improve Indian Education
GAO-13-342T, Feb 27, 2013

STRATEGIC SOURCING
Improved and Expanded Use Could Provide Procurement Savings for Federal Information Technology
GAO-13-408T, Feb 27, 2013

Climate-Induced Displacement of Alaska Native Communities

January 30, 2013 Comments off

Climate-Induced Displacement of Alaska Native Communities

Source: Brookings Institution

Alaska has warmed twice as fast as the global average during the past half-century, and temperatures are projected to rise 1.5-5° F (1-3 ºC) by 2030 and by 5-18° F (3-6.5 ºC) by 2100. Less sea ice covers the Arctic Ocean today than at any time in recent geologic history. At the same time, the land itself is also affected by temperature increases. Permanently frozen subsoil – permafrost – keeps the land intact and habitable along the northwestern Alaskan coast, but is melting. These environmental phenomena are resulting in accelerated rates of erosion and flooding which damage or destroy infrastructure and threaten the livelihoods and well-being of people residing throughout Alaska.

Since 2003, federal and state governments have documented these climate change impacts on Alaskan communities and the need for immediate action to protect populations. State and federal government agencies are struggling to respond to the enormous new needs of these communities. Despite spending millions of dollars, the traditional methods of erosion control and flood protection have not been able to protect some communities. For several Alaska Native communities, protection in place is not possible and community relocation is the only adaptation strategy that can protect them from accelerating climate change impacts. This paper presents a brief overview of climate change in Alaska, examines the impact of climate change on Alaska Native rural villages, and analyzes the state, federal and community responses.

New From the GAO

January 9, 2013 Comments off

New GAO Reports
Source: Government Accountability Office

REGIONAL ALASKA NATIVE CORPORATIONS
Status 40 Years after Establishment, and Future Considerations
GAO-13-121, Dec 13, 2012

CHILDREN’S MENTAL HEALTH
Concerns Remain about Appropriate Services for Children in Medicaid and Foster Care
GAO-13-15, Dec 10, 2012

BORDER PATROL
Key Elements of New Strategic Plan Not Yet in Place to Inform Border Security Status and Resource Needs
GAO-13-25, Dec 10, 2012

RETIREMENT SECURITY
Annuities with Guaranteed Lifetime Withdrawals Have Both Benefits and Risks, but Regulation Varies across States
GAO-13-75, Dec 10, 2012

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
EPA Should Develop a Strategic Plan for Its New Compliance Initiative
GAO-13-115, Dec 10, 2012

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 777 other followers