Archive for the ‘gender and sexuality’ Category

Female self-employment in the United States: an update to 2012

October 21, 2014 Comments off

Female self-employment in the United States: an update to 2012
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

This article uses data from the Current Population Survey to examine changes in the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of self-employed women over the 1993–2012 period. The analysis suggests that these female workers, who represented about one-third of all self-employed individuals in 2012, have weathered recessions relatively well and made considerable strides in educational attainment and earnings. In addition, they have become more diverse in terms of race, family characteristics, and health status.

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AHRQ — Women: Stay Healthy at Any Age (2014 Update)

October 21, 2014 Comments off

Women: Stay Healthy at Any Age (2014 Update)
Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

Use this information to help you stay healthy. Learn which screening tests you need and when to get them, which medicines may prevent diseases, and steps you can take for good health.

UK — Women in Whitehall: culture, leadership, talent

October 20, 2014 Comments off

Women in Whitehall: culture, leadership, talent
Source: Cabinet Office

This is the final report of a research project into the blockages facing talented women succeeding in the Senior Civil Service (SCS).

It sets out the opportunity and challenge to unleash the potential of many more staff who want to serve HM Government and our Country.

The report builds on the Interim Report presented to Minister for the Cabinet Office, Francis Maude, on 23rd April 2014.

Attitudinal Survey of Women Living with Low Sexual Desire

October 17, 2014 Comments off

Attitudinal Survey of Women Living with Low Sexual Desire
Source: Journal of Women’s Health

Survey data provide evidence that low sexual desire is commonly reported among pre- and postmenopausal women. About 10% of women with low sexual desire experience related personal distress. This survey assessed women’s attitudes toward the condition and how it affects personal relationships, along with level of awareness of low sexual desire as a medical condition and treatment-seeking history.

The online survey was conducted in a convenience sample of 450 pre- and postmenopausal women aged 20 to 60 years with self-described low sexual desire and related distress. The percentage reported is the ratio of responses over number of respondents for each point on visual analogy scales or option(s) on multiple-choice questions.

Twenty-seven percent of premenopausal and 34% of postmenopausal women were very dissatisfied with their current sexual desire level. Over 70% attributed personal and interpersonal difficulties to low sexual desire, most often negative impacts on body image and self-confidence. Feeling “less connectedness” was the most frequently selected impact on partner relationships. Approximately 90% of respondents would like to have or desire sex more often; 95% believed that one or two more satisfying sexual experiences per month would be meaningful. Most respondents did not realize that distressing low sexual desire was a treatable medical condition and had never mentioned their low sexual desire to health care providers.

Despite reporting negative impacts of low sexual desire and a desire for more frequent sex, most women had not sought medical help. These results add to the evolving recognition of the importance of sexual functioning in women’s lives.

In States That Don’t Expand Medicaid, Who Gets New Coverage Assistance Under the ACA and Who Doesn’t?

October 14, 2014 Comments off

In States That Don’t Expand Medicaid, Who Gets New Coverage Assistance Under the ACA and Who Doesn’t? (PDF)
Source: Robert Wood Johnson Foundation

In states not expanding Medicaid, 6.3 million uninsured adults who could have qualified for Medicaid are instead ineligible, while 5.9 million other uninsured adults qualify for subsidized, private insurance. We compare these two groups and find the following:

Median income for such ineligible adults is 35 percent below poverty. For eligible adults, it is 175 percent of the federal poverty level. In dollars, median incomes are under $800 a month for the ineligible uninsured and over $2,000 a month for eligible adults. As a result:

  • Only 28.0 percent of uninsured black adults qualify for help paying for health coverage while fully 42.7 percent are ineligible because of nonexpansion. By contrast, more uninsured whites qualify (36.0 percent) than not (32.7 percent).
  • More uninsured women are ineligible than eligible (33.2 percent vs. 27.8 percent). Slightly more uninsured men qualify (30.9 percent) than not (29.7 percent).
  • Uninsured adults who are Hispanic, under age 25, or have at most a high school degree are more likely to be ineligible than eligible. The opposite is true for uninsured adults ages 45 to 64 or with at least some college education.

Uninsured adults ineligible for coverage assistance because of nonexpansion include 4.4 million with a high school degree or less, 3.1 million women, 1.6 million blacks, 1.5 million under age 25, and 1.3 million Latinos.

These contrasts involve coverage assistance that the ACA made available for the first time. However, before the ACA, nonexpansion states already provided Medicaid to 6.5 million adults, and 1.8 million uninsured adults were eligible for Medicaid but not enrolled.

100 Diverse Corporate Leaders in STEM

October 10, 2014 Comments off

100 Diverse Corporate Leaders in STEM
Source: STEMconnector

STEMconnector® is proud to, once again, bring together the collective thoughts and recommendations of one hundred business executives for a stronger STEM pipeline. This publication follows the success of 100 CEO Leaders in STEM (2013) and 100 Women Leaders in STEM (2012). All agree that Science, Technology, Engineering & Math (STEM) careers will determine the success of our nation in a competitive world and diverse leadership is in the heads of CEOs, their senior management and their boards of directors. After publishing 100 CEO Leaders in STEM, we developed a white paper on what the CEOs were saying about the future of STEM careers. When asked about the area where businesses should be focused in order to guarantee a strong STEM pipeline, number one response was technology, followed by women and diversity.

In this edition of 100 Leaders in STEM, we continue to reflect on the growing importance of women and diversity. Our hope is to empower not only the influencers of the students making a career decision, but also corporations looking to advance leadership. Throughout these pages, you will learn more about the opportunity, the challenges and how our 2014 leaders have overcome their own challenges and are actively supporting others coming up the jobs pipeline.

Husbands’ job loss and wives’ labor force participation during economic downturns: are all recessions the same?

October 8, 2014 Comments off

Husbands’ job loss and wives’ labor force participation during economic downturns: are all recessions the same?
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Earlier research showed an added-worker effect for wives when their husbands stopped working during the Great Recession (December 2007–June 2009) but not when husbands stopped working in recent years of prosperity (2004–2005). By including one recession per decade for the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s, this article builds upon that research by using Current Population Survey data to compare wives’ labor force responses to their husbands stopping work across three recessions to determine whether wives’ employment responses during the Great Recession differed from those during earlier recessions. Additionally, we hypothesize motivations for wives entering the labor force and consider the occupations they enter. Across all three recessions included in this study, wives entered the labor force more often when their husband stopped working. More nuanced analyses show that during both the Great Recession and the 1990–1991 recession, wives were more likely to seek work and find a job if their husband became not employed, while in the 1981–1982 recession wives were more likely to seek work but less likely to find a job. We also find that wives who started a job during the Great Recession or the 1990–1991 recession were more likely to enter service occupations than professional or managerial occupations, but this was not the case during the 1981–1982 recession. Furthermore, during the three recessions, college-educated wives who started a job were more likely than wives with less education to enter professional and managerial occupations relative to service occupations or other occupations. However, these newly employed college-educated wives were somewhat more likely to enter service or other occupations than their college-educated counterparts who were employed continuously.


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