Archive

Archive for the ‘research institutes’ Category

Pricing in the Market for Anticancer Drugs

January 28, 2015 Comments off

Pricing in the Market for Anticancer Drugs
Source: National Bureau of Economic Research

Drugs like bevacizumab ($50,000 per treatment episode) and ipilimumab ($120,000 per episode) have fueled the perception that the launch prices of anticancer drugs are increasing over time. Using an original dataset of 58 anticancer drugs approved between 1995 and 2013, we find that launch prices, adjusted for inflation and drugs’ survival benefits, increased by 10%, or about $8,500, per year. Although physicians are not penalized for prescribing costly drugs, they may be reluctant to prescribe drugs with prices that exceed subjective standards of fairness. Manufacturers may set higher launch prices over time as standards evolve. Pricing trends may also reflect manufacturers’ response to expansions in the 340B Drug Pricing Program, which requires manufacturers to provide steep discounts to eligible providers.

Are attractive female tennis players more successful? An empirical analysis

January 28, 2015 Comments off

Are attractive female tennis players more successful? An empirical analysis
Source: Institute for Organisational Economics

This study examines whether there is a relationship between physical attractiveness of professional female tennis players ranked in the top 100 of the tennis world ranking in 2011 and their sporting success in terms of earned prize money and winning probabilities. OLS-regressions reveal a significantly positive relationship between physical attractiveness and sporting success in terms of prize money for the years 2012 and 2013 as well as for the whole career. Furthermore, a logit-model shows that the larger the difference in physical attractiveness is, the higher is the winning probability for the more attractive player in individual matches.

Industrial Internet of Things: Unleashing the Potential of Connected Products and Services

January 27, 2015 Comments off

Industrial Internet of Things: Unleashing the Potential of Connected Products and Services
Source: World Economic Forum

Over the past 10 to 15 years, internet-driven disruption and innovation have been about the “internet of people”, changing the way industries and businesses operate, particularly within media and Business-to-Consumer (B2C) relationships. In the next decade, the Internet of Things (IoT) revolution is expected to have a significant impact on manufacturing, energy, agriculture and other industry sectors.

The term Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) refers to the seamless integration of the physical and digital worlds through networked sensors, machine learning and big data. The explosion of connected products and physical systems will present an enormous new market opportunity for many types of companies. It promises to fundamentally transform and disrupt a wide range of traditional industries through improved operational efficiency, new business models and opportunities for job creation. It also brings new risks to business and society.

The objectives of the World Economic Forum Industrial Internet of Things project were to understand how this latest wave of technological change will impact industries, value chains, business models and workforces, and to determine action that business and government leaders need to take now to ensure long-term success.

Resource Package for Paroling Authorities on Sex Offenders

January 26, 2015 Comments off

Resource Package for Paroling Authorities on Sex Offenders
Source: National Parole Resource Center

Effectively managing sex offenders is among the top criminal justice policy concerns nationwide, and preventing sexual victimization is a key goal for professionals at all stages of the criminal justice system, including those who are responsible for parole decisionmaking. The following resource package has been developed to assist paroling authorities to consider their current practices with adult sex offenders and the degree to which these practices align with the Parole Resource Center’s practices targets to support risk reduction. It is one in a series of three resource packets on special populations (i.e., justice involved-women, persons with mental health issues, and sex offenders) designed to provide representatives of paroling entities with preliminary insights to consider their practices within the context of research-supported and other promising practices, and identify areas in which additional attention may help strengthen their future practices with respect to this special offender population. Research shows that adults who commit sex offenses differ from juveniles who engage in sexually abusive behavior in a number of ways and, as such, policies and practices should reflect these developmental and other differences and not simply mirror strategies developed for adults. This resource packet focuses only on the adult sex offender population.

Domestic Violence/Domestic Abuse Definitions and Relationships

January 26, 2015 Comments off

Domestic Violence/Domestic Abuse Definitions and Relationships
Source: National Conference of State Legislatures

Domestic violence and abuse, an issue that is never far from the headlines, continues to be a pervasive issue in the United States. State legislatures are at the forefront of defining and penalizing domestic violence and abuse.

States vary in their domestic violence provisions. Approximately 38 states place domestic violence definitions and penalties within the criminal code and nearly every state provides a definition within the domestic relations or social services codes. Within this variance are broad definitions that may include stalking, harassment and, in some instances, nonphysical abuse including intimidation and emotional abuse.

Some states also have addressed child witnessing of domestic violence. Approximately 23 states address child witnessing of domestic violence somewhere in statute. While some consider it an aggravating circumstance when sentencing a perpetrator, other states have created a separate offense that may be levied. View the Child Welfare Information Gateway Child Witnesses to Domestic Violence report for a discussion of the crossover between child abuse and neglect and domestic violence.

Within the realm of domestic violence and abuse are various other topics, including protection orders, safe court processes and custody and visitation or parenting time. According to the American Bar Association, the presence of domestic violence is a factor considered when determining custody and visitation in all 50 states and the District of Columbia.

Below is a chart with basic state provisions regarding domestic violence or abuse, the definitions of conduct amounting to domestic violence or abuse, and the relationships where that conduct may be considered domestic violence or abuse.

The Global Risks report 2015

January 26, 2015 Comments off

The Global Risks report 2015
Source: World Economic Forum

The 2015 edition of the Global Risks report completes a decade of highlighting the most significant long-term risks worldwide, drawing on the perspectives of experts and global decision-makers.

Over that time, analysis has moved from risk identification to thinking through risk interconnections and the potentially cascading effects that result.

Taking this effort one step further, this year’s report underscores potential causes as well as solutions to global risks.

Not only do we set out a view on 28 global risks in the report’s traditional categories (economic, environmental, societal, geopolitical and technological) but also we consider the drivers of those risks in the form of 13 trends.

In addition, we have selected initiatives for addressing significant challenges, which we hope will inspire collaboration among business, government and civil society communities.

Survey | Ahead of Super Bowl, Nearly Three-in-Ten Americans Support Lifetime Ban for Football Players Who Commit Domestic Violence

January 26, 2015 Comments off

Survey | Ahead of Super Bowl, Nearly Three-in-Ten Americans Support Lifetime Ban for Football Players Who Commit Domestic Violence
Source: Public Religion Research Institute

Nearly one-in-three Americans (29%) say that a football player who has been found guilty of domestic violence should be permanently banned from playing in the NFL. Nearly 6-in-10 (59%) Americans say that a player who has been found guilty of domestic violence should be temporarily suspended but allowed to return. Nearly 1-in-10 (8%) Americans say the NFL should take no formal action against such a player.

Although there are no statistically significant differences between sports fans’ and non-sports fans’ support for a permanent ban for players convicted of domestic violence (28% vs. 32%), there are notable differences among sports fans by gender. Thirty-six percent of female sports fans support banning a player from the NFL for life, compared to 21% of male sports fans.

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 1,001 other followers