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Ebola Virus Disease in West Africa — The First 9 Months of the Epidemic and Forward Projections

October 24, 2014 Comments off

Ebola Virus Disease in West Africa — The First 9 Months of the Epidemic and Forward Projections
Source: New England Journal of Medicine

As of September 14, 2014, a total of 4507 confirmed and probable cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD), as well as 2296 deaths from the virus, had been reported from five countries in West Africa — Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, and Sierra Leone. In terms of reported morbidity and mortality, the current epidemic of EVD is far larger than all previous epidemics combined. The true numbers of cases and deaths are certainly higher. There are numerous reports of symptomatic persons evading diagnosis and treatment, of laboratory diagnoses that have not been included in national databases, and of persons with suspected EVD who were buried without a diagnosis having been made

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The economic impact of the 2014 Ebola epidemic : short and medium term estimates for West Africa

October 9, 2014 Comments off

The economic impact of the 2014 Ebola epidemic : short and medium term estimates for West Africa
Source: World Bank

The 2014 outbreak of the Ebola virus disease in West Africa has taken a devastating human toll. Although the outbreak originated in rural Guinea, it has hit hardest in Liberia and Sierra Leone, in part because it has reached urban areas in these two countries, a factor that distinguishes this outbreak from previous episodes elsewhere. As of October 3, 2014, there had been 3,431 recorded deaths out of 7,470 probable, suspected, or confirmed cases of Ebola. This report informs the response to the epidemic by presenting best-effort estimates of its macroeconomic and fiscal effects. Any such exercise is necessarily highly imprecise due to limited data and many uncertain factors, but it is still necessary in order to plan the economic assistance that must accompany the immediate humanitarian response. The goal is to help affected countries to recover and return to the robust economic growth they had experienced until the onset of this crisis. This document presents the World Bank’s preliminary estimates of the economic impact of the Ebola outbreak in West Africa for 2014 (short term impact) and 2015 (medium term impact). Section 2 presents a single set of 2014 estimates for Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea, based on available data on current economic activity as well as assumptions about the short-term impact. It also presents current data on the limited current impacts on other countries in the region.

CDC Digital Press Kit: Ebola Outbreak – 2014

August 27, 2014 Comments off

CDC Digital Press Kit: Ebola Outbreak – 2014
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

CDC is rapidly increasing its ongoing efforts to curb the expanding West African Ebola outbreak and deploying staff to four African nations currently affected: Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Nigeria.

This is the largest Ebola outbreak in history and the first in West Africa. The outbreak in West Africa is worsening, but CDC, along with other U.S. government agencies and international partners, is taking active steps to respond to this rapidly changing situation.

CDC elevated its Emergency Operations Center (EOC) to a Level 1 activation, its highest level, because of the significance of the outbreak in West Africa.
CDC is surging our response with the current challenges that we are facing. CDC is sending additional CDC disease control specialists into the four countries.

CDC — Outbreak of Ebola in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone

July 31, 2014 Comments off

Outbreak of Ebola in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Highlights

  • July 23, 2014, the Guinea Ministry of Health announced a total of 427 suspect and confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD), including 319 fatal cases.
  • Affected districts include Conakry, Guéckédou, Macenta, Kissidougou, Dabola, Djingaraye, Télimélé, Boffa, Kouroussa, Dubreka, Fria, and Siguiri; several are no longer active areas of EVD transmission (see map).
  • 311 cases across Guinea have been confirmed by laboratory testing to be positive for Ebola virus infection.
  • In Guinea’s capital city, Conakry, 73 suspect cases have been reported to meet the clinical definition for EVD, including 37 fatal cases.
  • July 23, 2014, the Ministry of Health and Sanitation of Sierra Leone and WHO reported a cumulative total of 525 suspect and confirmed cases, including 419 laboratory confirmations and 224 reported fatal cases.
  • Cases have been reported from 6 Sierra Leone districts: Kailahun, Kambia, Port Loko, Kenema, Bo, and Western.
  • July 23, 2014, the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare of Liberia and WHO have reported 249 suspect and confirmed EHF cases (including 84 laboratory confirmations) and 129 reported fatalities.
  • Genetic analysis of the virus indicates that it is closely related (97% identical) to variants of Ebola virus (species Zaire ebolavirus) identified earlier in the Democratic
  • Republic of the Congo and Gabon (Baize et al. 2014External Web Site Icon).
  • The Guinean Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Health and Sanitation of Sierra Leone, and the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare of Liberia are working with national and international partners to investigate and respond to the outbreak.

Country Specific Information: Guinea-Bissau

July 10, 2011 Comments off

Country Specific Information: Guinea-Bissau
Source: U.S. Department of State

July 30, 2011

COUNTRY DESCRIPTION: The Republic of Guinea-Bissau, a small country in western Africa, is one of the world’s poorest nations. The capital is Bissau and the official language is Portuguese, though many people outside of Bissau only speak an indigenous language or creole. The country underwent a civil war in 1998-99 that devastated the economy. Tourist facilities and infrastructure in general are very limited and not up to American standards. Read the Department of State Background Notes on Guinea–Bissau for additional information.

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