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CRS — FBI Director: Appointment and Tenure

March 4, 2014 Comments off

FBI Director: Appointment and Tenure
Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists)

The Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The statutory basis for the present nomination and confirmation process was developed in 1968 and 1976, and has been used since the death of J. Edgar Hoover in 1972. Over this time, seven nominations have been confirmed and two have been withdrawn by the President before confirmation. The position of FBI Director has a fixed 10-year term, and the officeholder cannot be reappointed, unless Congress acts to allow a second appointment of the incumbent. There are no statutory conditions on the President’s authority to remove the FBI Director. Since 1972, one Director has been removed by the President.

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FBI Releases Preliminary Semiannual Crime Statistics for 2013

February 19, 2014 Comments off

FBI Releases Preliminary Semiannual Crime Statistics for 2013
Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation

Statistics released today in the FBI’s Preliminary Semiannual Uniform Crime Report reveal declines in both the violent crime and the property crime reported in the first six months of 2013 when compared with figures for the first six months of 2012. The report is based on information from 12,723 law enforcement agencies that submitted three to six months of comparable data to the FBI Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program for the first six months of 2012 and 2013.

FBI Releases 2012 Hate Crime Statistics

December 11, 2013 Comments off

FBI Releases 2012 Hate Crime Statistics
Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation

According to statistics released today by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, 5,796 criminal incidents involving 6,718 offenses were reported in 2012 as being motivated by a bias toward a particular race, religion, sexual orientation, ethnicity/national origin, or physical or mental disability. The statistics, published by the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program in Hate Crime Statistics, 2012, provide data about the offenses, victims, offenders, and locations of the bias-motivated incidents reported by law enforcement agencies throughout the nation. Due to the unique nature of hate crime, however, the UCR Program does not estimate offenses for the jurisdictions of agencies that do not submit reports.

FBI Releases Annual Crime Statistics from the National Incident-Based Reporting System

December 11, 2013 Comments off

FBI Releases Annual Crime Statistics from the National Incident-Based Reporting System
Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation

Today, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) released its second compilation of annual data from the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). The report, NIBRS 2012, presents core tables about incident and offense data submitted by a third of the nation’s law enforcement agencies that participate in the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program, as well as a new series of tables with agency-level data. The report also furnishes a series of tables about sex offenses and another new series of tables with data about arrestees.

Although NIBRS data are not yet nationally representative and the UCR Program does not estimate offenses for agencies that did not submit NIBRS data, NIBRS 2012 shows the rich, diverse scope of incident-based reporting overall. The 32 core tables present data for 22 offense categories, victims, offenders, relationships, locations, time of day, weapon use, drug and alcohol involvement, and gang involvement. They also distinguish attempted versus completed offenses, as well as the number of clearances by incidents. The agency-level tables (presented by state) show the number of offenses reported by each agency that fully participated in the UCR Program via the NIBRS. The 24 tables about sex offenses provide details—e.g., victim, offender, and victim-to-offender relationship data—not collected elsewhere in the UCR Program for sex offenses.

New to the annual compilation, the arrestees table series covers the demographics of arrestees—e.g., age, sex, and race—as well as noteworthy facts such as the arrestees’ use of weapons, the disposition of juvenile arrestees, and the type of arrest (on-view, taken into custody, or summoned/cited) by arrest offense category.

FBI Releases 2012 Statistics on Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted

October 28, 2013 Comments off

FBI Releases 2012 Statistics on Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted
Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation

According to statistics collected by the FBI, 95 law enforcement officers were killed in line-of-duty incidents in 2012. Of these, 48 law enforcement officers died as a result of felonious acts, and 47 officers died in accidents. In addition, 52,901 officers were victims of line-of-duty assaults. Comprehensive data tables about these incidents and brief narratives describing the fatal attacks are included in the 2012 edition of Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted, released today.

ACLU Report Documents FBI Abuse Since 9/11

September 18, 2013 Comments off

ACLU Report Documents FBI Abuse Since 9/11
Source: American Civil Liberties Union

Since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the Federal Bureau of Investigation has been granted by Congress and assumed for itself the power to investigate and collect data about millions of people.

A report released today by the American Civil Liberties Union provides a comprehensive accounting of the bureau’s expanded post-9/11 investigative and intelligence collection authorities, their impact on civil liberties in the United States, and the FBI’s evasion of oversight that enables abuses to continue. It also includes 15 recommendations for FBI reform.

Entitled, “Unleashed and Unaccountable: The FBI’s Unchecked Abuse of Authority,” the first half of the report documents how Congress, the attorney general, and the White House provided the FBI with new authorities in the immediate aftermath of 9/11 in an effort to prevent another terrorist attack inside the United States. With the passage of the USA PATRIOT Act in 2001 and the FISA Amendments Act in 2008, Congress provided the FBI with increasingly powerful tools that the bureau has used in violation of the First and Fourth Amendments, according to the ACLU report.

FBI Releases 2012 Crime Statistics

September 17, 2013 Comments off

FBI Releases 2012 Crime Statistics
Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation

The FBI estimated that in 2012, the number of violent crimes increased 0.7 percent, according to the figures released today. However, property crimes decreased 0.9 percent, marking the 10th straight year of declines for these offenses, collectively.

The 2012 statistics show that the estimated rate of violent crime was 386.9 offenses per 100,000 inhabitants, and the property crime rate was 2,859.2 offenses per 100,000 inhabitants. While the violent crime rate remained virtually unchanged when compared to the 2011 rate, the property crime rate declined 1.6 percent.

FBI Releases Inaugural Compilation of Annual Crime Statistics from the National Incident-Based Reporting System

August 20, 2013 Comments off

FBI Releases Inaugural Compilation of Annual Crime Statistics from the National Incident-Based Reporting System
Source: FBI

Today, the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) released its first publication presenting annual data from the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). The statistics, published by the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program in the comprehensive volume National Incident-Based Reporting System 2011 (NIBRS 2011), provide data about the offenses, victims, offenders, locations, and other details of crime incidents. Although the data are not yet nationally representative and the UCR Program does not estimate offenses for the jurisdictions of agencies that did not submit their data via the NIBRS, the rich details of the data offer more characteristics and associations in crime than has been previously published. The NIBRS can paint a more complete picture of a crime incident than any other collection of data.

NIBRS 2011 features 32 tables that show the diversity and complexity of incident-based data when compared with other crime data collection methods. The NIBRS provides:

  • Data for 22 offense categories
  • Victim data for all offenses
  • Offender data for all offenses
  • Relationship of victims to offenders for select offenses
  • Location data for all offenses
  • Time of day for all incidents
  • Weapon data for select offenses
  • Drug and alcohol involvement in offenses
  • Gang involvement in offenses
  • Attempted versus completed offenses
  • Clearances by incidents

Flawed FBI Records Threaten Work Opportunities For Hundreds of Thousands of Job Seekers

July 30, 2013 Comments off

Flawed FBI Records Threaten Work Opportunities For Hundreds of Thousands of Job Seekers (PDF)
Source: National Employment Law Project

A record 16.9 million FBI criminal background checks were run for employment or licensing purposes in 2012 , a six-fold increase since 9/11 . But serious flaws in the FBI records are jeopardizing work opportunities for hundreds of thousands of job seekers every year, according to a new report from the National Employment Law Project.

The NELP report, entitled, “ Wanted: Accurate FBI Background Checks for Employment ,” estimates that 1.8 million workers a year are subject to FBI background checks that contain faulty or incomplete information, and 600,000 of those workers may be prejudiced in their job search because the positive outcome of their case is not reflected in the FBI record.

The report spotlights the FBI ’s failure to ensure that its records are accurate and complete. Arrests are recorded but the final disposition of cases often is not — a critical defect, given that one-third of felony arrests are ultimately dismissed and charges are frequently reduced. Much of the toll falls on workers of color, who are disproportionately represented in the criminal justice syste m and suffer the consequences of faulty FBI records in terms of job loss, hiring barriers, and financial hardship.

FBI — Preliminary 2012 Crime Statistics; Violent Crime Up, Property Crime Down

June 5, 2013 Comments off

Preliminary 2012 Crime Statistics; Violent Crime Up, Property Crime Down

Source: FBI

The new preliminary Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) statistics for 2012 indicate that when compared to data for 2011, the number of violent crimes reported by law enforcement agencies around the country increased 1.2 percent during 2012, while the number of property crimes decreased 0.8 percent.

The final UCR statistics—submitted by approximately 18,000 local, state, campus, tribal, and federal law enforcement agencies from around the nation—will be released later this year in the Crime in the United States, 2012 report.

Today’s FBI — Facts and Figures 2013-2014

March 27, 2013 Comments off

Today’s FBI — Facts and Figures 2013-2014

Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)

The FBI today is considered one of the world’s premier security and crime-fighting forces. Reporting to both the attorney general and director of national intelligence, the Bureau has dual responsibilities as a law enforcement and intelligence agency. It gathers evidence and solves cases using cutting edge and time-tested investigative techniques. At the same time, it collects, analyzes, synthesizes, and shares vital information and intelligence with everyone from national policy makers to local partners in order to counter threats and foil crimes and attacks. With a foot in the realms of both law enforcement and intelligence, the FBI is able to get its arms around emerging threats and neutralize them through arrests and targeted, often multi-agency operations.

The FBI’s investigative responsibilities are both considerable and far-reaching. A key part of our country’s national security team, the Bureau addresses the most significant threats facing the U.S.—terrorism, espionage, weapons of mass destruction, and cyber crime. At the same time, it plays an essential role in protecting local communities, from rescuing kidnapped children to dismantling street gangs, from catching murderers and serial killers to stopping scams that raid the pocketbooks of the American people. On any given day, the FBI is rooting out public corruption, recovering stolen art, protecting corporate trade secrets, taking down organized crime networks, and much more.

Early 2012 Crime Stats; Slight Uptick in Crime

January 15, 2013 Comments off

Early 2012 Crime Stats; Slight Uptick in Crime
Source: FBI

According to statistics from our Preliminary Semiannual Uniform Crime Report, January-June 2012, the number of violent crimes reported by law enforcement for the first six months of 2012 increased 1.9 percent over figures from the same period in 2011. Property crimes also rose 1.5 percent overall.

FBI Releases 2011 Hate Crime Statistics

January 1, 2013 Comments off

FBI Releases 2011 Hate Crime Statistics

Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation

According to statistics released today by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, 6,222 criminal incidents involving 7,254 offenses were reported in 2011 as a result of bias toward a particular race, religion, sexual orientation, ethnicity/national origin, or physical or mental disability. The statistics, published by the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program in Hate Crime Statistics, 2011, provide data about the offenses, victims, offenders, and locations of the bias-motivated incidents reported by law enforcement agencies throughout the nation. Due to the unique nature of hate crime, however, the UCR program does not estimate offenses for the jurisdictions of agencies that do not submit reports.

Latest Crime Stats: Annual Crime in the U.S. Report Released

October 30, 2012 Comments off

Latest Crime Stats: Annual Crime in the U.S. Report Released
Source: FBI

According to our just-released Crime in the United States, 2011 report, the estimated number of violent crimes reported to law enforcement (1,203,564) decreased for the fifth year in a row, while the estimated number of property crimes reported to law enforcement (9,063,173) decreased for the ninth year in a row.

FBI Releases Preliminary Annual Crime Statistics for 2011

June 15, 2012 Comments off

FBI Releases Preliminary Annual Crime Statistics for 2011
Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)

According to the FBI’s Preliminary Annual Uniform Crime Report released today, the nation experienced a 4.0 percent decrease in the number of violent crimes and a 0.8 percent decline in the number of property crimes in 2011 when compared with data from 2010. The report is based on information the FBI gathered from 14,009 law enforcement agencies that submitted six to 12 comparable months of data for both 2010 and 2011.

+ Preliminary Annual Uniform Crime Report, January-December, 2011

FBI Records — The Vault: Watergate

June 15, 2012 Comments off

The Vault: Watergate
Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)

On June 17, 1972, several people broke into the Democratic National Committee Headquarters; they were discovered by an on-site guard and were arrested by local police. Subsequent investigations by the FBI, Congress, and the media showed that these intruders were connected to the campaign staff of President Richard Nixon. The White House under Nixon worked to cover-up this connection, and subsequent revelations of the cover-up led to Nixon’s impeachment and resignation in 1974. These files, released many years ago, document the FBI’s investigation into the break-in and related issues between 1972 and 1979.

FBI Releases Bank Crime Statistics for Third Quarter of 2011

March 31, 2012 Comments off

FBI Releases Bank Crime Statistics for Third Quarter of 2011
Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation

During the third quarter of 2011, there were 1,094 reported violations of the Federal Bank Robbery and Incidental Crimes Statue, a decrease from the 1,325 reported violations in the same quarter of 2010.1 According to statistics released today by the FBI, there were 1,081 robberies, 11 burglaries, two larcenies, and one extortion of a financial institution2 reported between July 1, 2011 and September 30, 2011.

Highlights of the report include:

  • Loot was taken in 89 percent of the incidents, totaling more than $9.3 million.
  • Of the loot taken, 25 percent of it, or more than $1.9 million, was recovered and returned to financial institutions.
  • Bank crimes most frequently occurred on Friday. Regardless of the day, the time frame when bank crimes occurred most frequently was between 9:00 a.m. and 11:00 a.m.
  • Acts of violence were committed in 5 percent of the incidents, resulting in 18 injuries, three deaths, and four persons taken hostage.3
  • Demand notes4 were the most common modus operandi used.
  • Most violations occurred in the Western region of the U.S., with 375 reported incidents.

+ Full Report

Hate Crimes Remain Steady; 2010 FBI Report Released

November 15, 2011 Comments off

Hate Crimes Remain Steady; 2010 FBI Report Released
Source: FBI

Intimidation…vandalism…assault…rape…murder. These are crimes by anyone’s definition. But add an element of bias against the victims—because of their race or religion, for example—and these traditional crimes become hate crimes.

And based on data from the FBI’s Hate Crime Statistics report for 2010, the 6,628 hate crime incidents reported to us by our law enforcement partners stayed consistent with the 6,604 incidents reported in 2009.

Today, we’re releasing on our website the full 2010 report, which contains information about the types of biases that motivate hate crimes, the nature of the offenses, and some information about the victims and offenders. It also breaks down hate crimes by jurisdiction and includes data by state and by agency.

The hate crimes report is fairly reflective of the country—agencies that participated in the Uniform Crime Reporting Hate Crime Statistics Program effort in 2010 represented more than 285 million people, or 92.3 percent of the nation’s population, and their jurisdictions covered 49 states and the District of Columbia. Of the 14,977 agencies that submitted data, 1,949 reported that hate crime incidents had occurred in their jurisdictions.

+ Hate Crime Statistics 2010

FBI Releases 2010 Crime Statistics

September 20, 2011 Comments off

FBI Releases 2010 Crime Statistics
Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation

According to the figures released today by the FBI, the estimated number of violent crimes in 2010 declined for the fourth consecutive year. Property crimes also decreased, marking this the eighth straight year that the collective estimates for these offenses declined.

The 2010 statistics show that the estimated volumes of violent and property crimes declined 6.0 percent and 2.7 percent, respectively, when compared with the 2009 estimates. The violent crime rate for the year was 403.6 offenses per 100,000 inhabitants (a 6.5 percent decrease from the 2009 rate), and the property crime rate was 2,941.9 offenses per 100,000 persons (a 3.3 percent decrease from the 2009 figure).

These and additional data are presented in the 2010 edition of the FBI’s annual report Crime in the United States. This publication is a statistical compilation of offense and arrest data reported by law enforcement agencies voluntarily participating in the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program.

+ Crime in the United States 2010

2010 Mortgage Fraud Report

August 29, 2011 Comments off

2010 Mortgage Fraud Report
Source: FBI

According to this latest report—which highlights current mortgage fraud schemes, perpetrators, and mortgage fraud “hot spots”—mortgage fraud continued at elevated levels during 2010. The FBI, with its partners, dedicated significant resources to the problem and saw investigative successes during the year. And the current housing market will likely remain an attractive environment for mortgage fraud criminals in the near future who will seek new methods to circumvent loopholes and gaps in the mortgage lending market.

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