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EU — The Professionalisation of Academics as Teachers in Higher Education

January 25, 2013 Comments off

The Professionalisation of Academics as Teachers in Higher Education (PDF)

Source: European Science Foundation

From press release:

A new ESF position paper identifies needs and steps to improve teaching skills in Higher Education.

A new position paper, The Professionalisation of Academics as Teachers in Higher Education, has been published today by the European Science Foundation.

In Europe, where over 19 million students are in tertiary education, it is becoming crucial to look at, study and improve the teaching skills of scientists in order to teach more effectively the next generation of innovators. This is not only of interest to the Social Sciences but an issue of basic importance to all domains of science and to society as a whole.

The publication exposes current developments and challenges in the European Higher Education landscape. The authors establish a set of nine principles of good teaching and recommend that universities that strive for quality education offer educational development opportunities for their teachers. They claim that well-designed educational development programmes lead to increased satisfaction of teachers and changes in attitudes, behaviours and teaching practice.

The position paper underlines that “excellent teachers are made, not born; they become excellent through investment in their teaching abilities. Leaving teachers to learn from trial and error is a waste of time, effort and university resources.”

The publication therefore highlights six recommendations for important advances to be made toward the professionalisation of teaching and student learning:

  • define professional standards for higher education teachers;
  • measure teaching effectiveness and provide constructive feedback for academics;
  • establish the institutional support base for educational development locally;
  • promote the idea of the ‘teacher researcher’ and recognise research on teaching as research activity and teaching excellence in hiring and promotion decision;
  • allocate meaningful funding for educational development;
  • establish a European forum within a currently existing institution that pools and shares resources and existing expertise.

EU — Improving Medical Treatment Requires a Risk-based Approach to the Regulation of Clinical Trials

February 3, 2012 Comments off
Source:  European Science Foundation
Current EU legislation represents a major hurdle to improving medical treatment due to the straight-jacket of EU legislation that the 2001 Clinical Trials Directive imposes, a group of leading European medical scientists charged today in a position paper1 issued in Brussels and Strasbourg.
The paper issued by the European Science Foundation (ESF) and its European Medical Research Councils (EMRC) welcomes the planned revision of the 2001 Clinical Trials Directive expected later this year, but urges the Commission to take the opportunity to introduce a series of improvements to the Directive. These improvements include streamlining procedures, introducing a risk-based approach to authorising clinical trials and crucially ensuring greater harmonisation in the implementation of EU rules at national level so that clinical trials can take place across national borders.
“Balancing these aims with the imperative of maintaining a high level of patient safety is the major challenge facing the revision,” said Professor Liselotte Højgaard, Chair of the EMRC.
Finding that balance, however, is the key to preserving Europe’s position as an innovative and competitive research area.

Proposal for a revision of the “Clinical Trials Directive” (2001/20/EC) and other recommendations to facilitate clinical trials (PDF)

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