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Game, Set, and Match: Do Women and Men Perform Differently in Competitive Situations?

April 26, 2015 Comments off

Game, Set, and Match: Do Women and Men Perform Differently in Competitive Situations? (PDF)
Source: Institute for the Study of Labor

This paper analyzes potential gender differences in competitive environments using a sample of over 100,000 professional tennis matches. We focus on two phenomena of the labor and sports economics literature: the hot-hand and clutch-player effects. First, we find strong evidence for the hot-hand (cold-hand) effect. Every additional win in the most recent ten Tour matches raises the likelihood of prevailing in the current encounter by 3.1 (males) to 3.3 percentage points (females). Second, top male and female players are excelling in Grand Slam tournaments, arguably the most important events in tennis. For men, we also find evidence for top players winning more tie-breaks at Grand Slams. Overall, we find virtually no gender differences for the hot-hand effect and only minor distinctions for the clutch-player effect.

State Constitutional Right to Hunt and Fish

April 17, 2015 Comments off

State Constitutional Right to Hunt and Fish
Source: National Conference of State Legislatures

Eighteen states guarantee the right to hunt and fish in their constitutions, with 17 of those approved via the voters. While Vermont’s language dates back to 1777, the rest of these constitutional provisions—in Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Idaho, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming—have passed since 1996. California and Rhode Island have language in their respective constitutions guaranteeing the right to fish, but not to hunt. Advocates also consider Alaska’s constitutional language—“Wherever occurring in their natural state, fish, wildlife, and waters are reserved to the people for common use”—as meeting the test because of its strong case law history.

2012 Economic Census Geographic Area Series: First Release of Local Data for Five Sectors

April 7, 2015 Comments off

2012 Economic Census Geographic Area Series: First Release of Local Data for Five Sectors
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

This is a series of state-, county-, place- and metro area-level data files providing statistics on the number of establishments, receipts or revenue, payroll, number of employees and other items by industry. The first data were released today for the following sectors. Statistics for the other states and geographic entities within them for these sectors will be released on a flow basis over the coming months.

Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation — Includes statistics for performing arts, spectator sports, museums, and gambling and recreation industries. Covers Colorado and Hawaii and geographic areas therein only.

Construction — Includes data for heavy and civil engineering construction and specialty trade contractors. This release covers all states and the District of Columbia. For this sector, data files are available at the state-level only.

Information — Includes statistics for the publishing industries, including software publishing, and both traditional publishing and publishing exclusively on the Internet; the motion picture and sound recording industries; the broadcasting industries, including traditional broadcasting and those broadcasting exclusively over the Internet; the telecommunications industries; Web search portals, data processing industries, and the information services industries. Covers Colorado and Hawaii and geographic areas therein only.

Other Services (Except Public Administration) — Includes statistics for equipment and machinery repairing, promoting or administering religious activities, grantmaking, advocacy, and providing drycleaning and laundry services, personal care services, death care services, pet care services, photofinishing services, temporary parking services, and dating services. Covers Colorado and geographic areas therein only.

Professional, Scientific and Technical Services — With Tax Day approaching, this data includes statistics for accounting and tax preparation, legal services, computer systems design, and advertising and public relations services. Covers Colorado and Hawaii and geographic areas therein only.

Beyond the Numbers — Movies, music, and sports: U.S. entertainment spending, 2008–2013

April 3, 2015 Comments off

Beyond the Numbers — Movies, music, and sports: U.S. entertainment spending, 2008–2013
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Entertainment has long been a household budget staple. Consumer Expenditure Survey (CE) data from 1934–1936 show that, even during the Great Depression, spending on entertainment accounted for 5.4 percent of the household budget. In 2008, during the last recession, entertainment spending had reached an average of $2,835 per year or 5.6 percent of total household expenditures. The last recession officially ended in June 2009, and by 2013, income and spending had recovered. However, entertainment spending never returned to prerecession highs; in 2013, the average was $2,482 or 4.9 percent of total household spending.

This Beyond the Numbers article examines entertainment spending from 2008 to 2013 and breaks the spending down into its four parts: fees and admissions; audio and visual equipment and services; pets, toys, hobbies, and playground equipment; and other entertainment supplies, equipment, and services. This article also analyzes the relationships between entertainment spending and 1) income, 2) education, and 3) age.

Census Bureau Releases Men’s and Women’s Final Four Data Graphic

April 3, 2015 Comments off

Census Bureau Releases Men’s and Women’s Final Four Data Graphic
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

To commemorate the NCAA Final Four men and women’s college basketball games, the Census Bureau has created a graphic examining the populations of the host city and cities represented by the four men and women’s remaining teams.

Targeting Investments To Cost Effectively Restore and Protect Wetland Ecosystems: Some Economic Insights

March 31, 2015 Comments off

Targeting Investments To Cost Effectively Restore and Protect Wetland Ecosystems: Some Economic Insights
Source: USDA Economic Research Service

The environmental benefits of restoring and preserving wetlands—including cleaner water, increases in wildlife populations, and carbon sequestration—as well as costs, depend on wetland type, land productivity, and the public’s desire for amenities, all of which depend on location. Findings show where wetland conservation funding might be targeted to maximize benefits relative to costs.

Gaming Careers: Gateway to the Middle Class

March 24, 2015 Comments off

Gaming Careers: Gateway to the Middle Class
Source: Oxford Economics/American Gaming Association

This new report produced by Oxford Economics in partnership with the American Gaming association explores how the United States’ casino gaming industry creates jobs and opportunities, promotes educational opportunitites, and supports the middle class.

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