Archive for the ‘sports, recreation, leisure’ Category

Online Casino Gambling

July 25, 2014 Comments off

Online Casino Gambling (PDF)
Source: National Conference of State Legislatures

Did You Know
• Delaware is the only jurisdiction where the state operates online gambling within its borders.
• The U.S. Virgin Islands is the most recent jurisdiction to permit online gambling.
• The Restoration of America’s Wire Act, introduced in Congress in March, would ban all forms of Internet gambling.

About these ads

UK — The Olympic and Paralympic legacy: Inspired by 2012 – second annual report

July 25, 2014 Comments off

The Olympic and Paralympic legacy: Inspired by 2012 – second annual report
Source: Cabinet Office

This report describes the activities which took place in the second year since the Games to build a lasting legacy across a number of commitments, namely sport and healthy living, the regeneration of east London, bringing communities together, the Paralympic legacy and economic growth.

The report includes a foreword by the Prime Minister and the Mayor of London, and an assessment of progress by Lord Sebastian Coe, the Prime Minister’s Olympic & Paralympic Legacy Ambassador.

CDC — New state physical activity indicator report now available online

July 17, 2014 Comments off

New state physical activity indicator report now available online
Source: CDC

More than half of youth in the United States have access to parks or playground areas, recreation centers, boys’ and girls’ clubs, and walking paths or sidewalks in their neighborhoods, according to a new report, State Indicator Report on Physical Activity, 2014.
The report also finds that 27 states have adopted policies that formalize their intent to plan, design and maintain streets so they are safe for all users including pedestrians, bicyclists, motorists, transit riders, and those in wheelchairs.
The report includes physical activity behavior, environment and policy information for each state and is available at

FIFA — Laws of the Game 2014/2015

July 17, 2014 Comments off

Laws of the Game 2014/2015 (PDF)
Source: FIFA

Authorised by the International Football Association Board This booklet may not be reproduced or translated in whole or in part in any manner without the permission of FIFA. Published by Fédération Internationale de Football Association, FIFA-Strasse 20, 8044 Zurich, Switzerland


Subject to the agreement of the member association concerned and provided the principles of these Laws are maintained, the Laws may be modified in their application for matches for players of under 16 years of age, for women footballers, for veteran footballers (over 35 years of age) and for players with disabilities. Any or all of the following modifi cations are permissible:
• size of the field of play
• size, weight and material of the ball
• width between the goalposts and height of the crossbar from the ground
• duration of the periods of play
• substitutions

Further modifications are only allowed with the consent of the International Football Association Board.

Categories: FIFA, professional sports

For More Than a Decade, The NY Yankees Have Been America’s Favorite Baseball Team; New Instant Replay rule considered good for baseball

July 16, 2014 Comments off

For More Than a Decade, The NY Yankees Have Been America’s Favorite Baseball Team; New Instant Replay rule considered good for baseball (PDF)
Source: Harris Interactive

The mid-point of the baseball season is now upon us as Major League Baseball pauses to celebrate their all stars. Those not playing in the All Star Game get a few days off to rest before the race to the end of the summer and post-season play begins in earnest. This means it is also time to see who America’s Favorite Baseball Team is this year.

Among those who follow the sport, the New York Yankees again win the honor of being “America’s Favorite,” as they have each year since 2003. In the second spot on the list again are their long time arch-rivals, the Boston Red Sox. Moving up seven spots, from ten to three are the San Francisco Giants. Rounding out the top five are the Chicago Cubs at number four (rising 3 spots from last time) and, at number five, the Atlanta Braves, dropping two spots from number three last year.

These are some of the results of The Harris Poll® of 2,241 adults, of whom 763 follow Major League Baseball, surveyed online between June 4 and 16, 2014.

Looking at the bottom half of the top ten favorite teams, tied for number six are the Los Angeles Dodgers (down from number 4 last year) and the Detroit Tigers (down from a tie for number 5), followed by the Milwaukee Brewers (#8, up from a 21st place tie), the Minnesota Twins (#9, up from a tie for #13) and in a tie for tenth, the Kansas City Royals (up from a tie for #19) and the St. Louis Cardinals (up from a tie for #11).

Who is going to win it all… and who don’t people want there
When it comes to the World Series, a repeat is not expected to be in the works as almost one in five baseball followers (17%) say the San Francisco Giants will win the Fall Classic this October, followed by the New York Yankees (13%), the Detroit Tigers (9%), the Oakland Athletics (8%), and the Los Angeles Dodgers (7%). Less than one in ten baseball followers (6%) say the Boston Red Sox will win again.

And, where there is the team people think will win, there is also the team fans don’t want to see in the World Series. Two in five baseball followers (40%) say the New York Yankees are the one team they least want to see make it to the World Series. At a distant second, 14% say this about the Boston Red Sox, while 6% say this about the Los Angeles Dodgers and 4% do not want to see the Chicago Cubs in the World Series.

Vacationers Prefer to “Travel Like a Local” Using Public Transportation

July 16, 2014 Comments off

Vacationers Prefer to “Travel Like a Local” Using Public Transportation
Source: American Public Transportation Association

As the summer travel season kicks off, 124 million Americans are planning to vacation in a U.S. city, continuing a trend from recent years. The American Public Transportation Association’s (APTA) annual “Travel Like a Local” Summer Travel Survey reports that public transportation will be highly utilized by these travelers looking for the most cost effective and worry-free form of transportation – especially Millennials and adults under 45.

According to the survey, more than half (58 percent) of those visiting U.S. cities plan to utilize public transportation for at least one activity. More than a quarter of these travelers say the availability of public transportation impacted their decision to travel to a particular city.

Among Millennials (18-34) and adults under 45, 67 percent confirmed that they plan to use public transportation during their trip to a major U.S. city or metropolitan area this summer. According to the travel survey, public transportation options make travel more cost effective and stress free for all ages. Seventy-four percent of travelers will use public transportation because it is less expensive than taxis or rental cars, with 73 percent saying public transportation relieves them of the worry of finding parking.

APTA’s survey found that two out of five vacationers will use public transportation to experience restaurant dining and local nightlife, while also continuing to use it during the day for general sightseeing and shopping.

Twitter as Social Sensor: Dynamics and Structure in Major Sporting Events

July 11, 2014 Comments off

Twitter as Social Sensor: Dynamics and Structure in Major Sporting Events
Source: MIT

Twitter often behaves like a “social sensor” in which users actively sense real-world events and spontaneously mention these events in cyberspace. Here, we study the temporal dynamics and structural properties of Twitter as a social sensor in major sporting events. By examining Japanese professional baseball games, we found that Twitter as a social sensor can immediately show reactions to positive and negative events by a burst of tweets, but only positive events induce a burst of retweets to follow. In addition, retweet networks during the baseball games exhibit clear polarization in user clusters depending on baseball teams, as well as a scale-free in-degree distribution. These empirical findings provide mechanistic insights into the emergence and evolution of social sensors.

Hat tip: Research Buzz

III — Sports Injuries

July 9, 2014 Comments off

Sports Injuries
Source: Insurance Information Institute
Includes statistics/charts for injuries related to school sports, winter sports, bicycle and motorcycle crashes, recreational boating, ATVs, sports injuries by age/sport.

National Athletic Trainers’ Association (Nata) Advance Releases Executive Summary of Exertional Heat Illnesses Position Statement and Issues New Research on Heat and Hydration

July 7, 2014 Comments off

National Athletic Trainers’ Association (Nata) Advance Releases Executive Summary of Exertional Heat Illnesses Position Statement and Issues New Research on Heat and Hydration
Source: National Athletic Trainers’ Association

At NATA’s 65th Clinical Symposia & AT Expo in Indianapolis today, leading health care professionals advance released an executive summary of the association’s exertional heat illnesses position statement. This is an update to the original 2002 guidelines and will be published in its entirety in an upcoming issue of the Journal of Athletic Training, NATA’s scientific publication. A copy of the executive summary is available at

In addition to the guidelines, the NATA Research & Education Foundation unveiled hot topics in heat illness as presented by study authors and as part of the convention’s Free Communications program.

“Exertional heat illnesses are largely preventable within the confines of organized sports when appropriate protocols are put into place,” said Douglas J. Casa, PhD, ATC, FACSM, FNATA, chief operating officer of the Korey Stringer Institute, director of Athletic Training Education, Department of Kinesiology at the University of Connecticut and chair of the position statement writing group.

“This includes heat acclimatization, body cooling, hydration, modifying of exercise based on environmental conditions, among other considerations. These guidelines are not just for athletes – they are also valuable for individuals exposed to warm weather environments such as those in the military or individuals whose work necessitates heat exposure.”

Exertional heat stroke is one of the three leading causes of death in sport (and the leading cause in the summer). The period of 2005 to 2009 had more heat stroke deaths than any other five year period in the 35 years prior. There were 18 deaths from 2005 to 2009; from 2010 to 2014 (still being tracked) there are now an estimated 20 to 22 deaths.

Simulation in Sport Finance

July 2, 2014 Comments off

Simulation in Sport Finance
Source: Social Science Research Network

Simulations have long been used in business schools to give students experience making real-world decisions in a relatively low risk environment. The OAKLAND A’S BASEBALL BUSINESS SIMULATOR takes a traditional business simulation and applies it to the sport industry, in which sales of tangible products are replaced by sales of experiences provided to fans. The simulator asks students to make decisions about prices for concessions, parking, and merchandise; player payroll expenses; funding for a new stadium; and more. On the basis of these inputs, the program provides detailed information about the state of the franchise after each simulated year, including attendance, winning percentage, revenues versus expenses, revenue sharing, and stadium financing. The use of simulations such as this one enhances students’ organizational skills and students’ ability to think critically and imaginatively about the data while applying relevant knowledge and an appropriate strategy to achieve the best possible results. This is particularly important in the field of sport management, in which few, if any, other simulators exist that are specific to the field.

NTSB Special Investigation Report — Parasailing Safety

July 1, 2014 Comments off

Special Investigation Report — Parasailing Safety (PDF)
Source: National Transportation Safety Board

This special investigation report examines parasailing accidents in the United S tates and its territories, and identifies several areas where the risk associated with parasailing may be mitigated. Each year, an estimated 3 to 5 million people in the United States participate in parasailing; however, no federal regulations or guideline s establish specific training or certification for parasailing operators. There is no requirement for inspection of the parasailing equipment, and no requirement to suspend operations during inclement or unsuitable weather conditions. As this report will d escribe, passengers seeking to enjoy the thrill, adventure, and panoramic views of parasailing risk becom ing accident victims. Due to the nature of parasailing, accidents usually result in either serious injury or death.

This investigati on report strives t o reduce the number of injuries and fatalities associated with parasailing through recommendations that will improve safety for parasail ing passengers and operators. T he report also examines operations, equipment, and the various dynamic forces that affect parasailing .

As a result of this investigation, the National Transportation Safety Board makes new safety recommendations to the United States Coast Guard, the Federal Aviation Administration, and the National Association of State Boating Law Administrators.

Survey: Flying Hassles Keep Travelers at Home

July 1, 2014 Comments off

Survey: Flying Hassles Keep Travelers at Home
Source: U.S. Transportation Association

Security lines and checked-bag fees are among the well-publicized headaches of air travel, but passengers’ No. 1 concern is flight delays and cancellations, according to a survey conducted by the independent firm ResearchNow for the U.S. Travel Association.

An economic analysis of the survey results found that air travel hassles are taking their toll on the broader economy. Passengers’ frustration with the flying experience resulted in 38 million avoided domestic plane trips in 2013. Although air travel has steadily increased since the recession, 38 million trips is a loss equal to eight percent of current air travel demand.

That suppressed activity had a significant downstream effect on travel-related businesses and the overall economy, including spending losses of:

  • $9.5 billion on airfare
  • $5.8 billion on hotels
  • $5.7 billion on recreation
  • $3.4 billion on food services
  • $2.8 billion on car rentals

The analysis found that cancellations and delays cost passengers themselves $8.5 billion in time lost, missed connections, and missed travel activity. The total hit to the U.S. economy: $35.7 billion.

Boomers & Vacation Plans: An AARP Bulletin Survey

July 1, 2014 Comments off

Boomers & Vacation Plans: An AARP Bulletin Survey
Source: AARP

Key Findings:

  • About six-in-ten (57%) American Boomers say they are planning to take an overnight vacation within the next 12 months.
  • Among those Boomers who have planned to take an overnight vacation in the next 12 months, about seven-in-ten (68%) report they are planning to take more than one overnight vacation, while three-in-ten (29%) report they are planning to make only one overnight vacation.
  • About half (47%) of Boomers who have an overnight vacation planned in the next 12 months, say they are planning for one to two weeks away on vacation, while one-third (34%) say they are planning for more than two weeks away on vacation.
  • Half (49%) of Boomers who have an overnight vacation planned in the next 12 months say they are planning to spend $1,000 to less than $5,000 for their overnight vacations. However, one-third (34%) say they are planning to spend less than $1,000 while eight-in-ten (13%) say they are planning to spend $5,000 or more for their overnight vacations.
  • The high majority (56%) of Boomers who have an overnight vacation planned in the next 12 months say their spouse or partner will be going with them, and one-in-seven (15%) say their child/children will be going with them, while one-in-six (17%) Boomers say they are planning on going self/alone for their vacation.
  • Two-thirds (64%) of Boomers say they will be going to another state within the U.S. and one-in-five (20%) report they will be vacationing within their own state. But, one-in-five (19%) Boomers report going out of the country for their vacation in the next 12 months.
  • The highest proportion of Boomers, who are planning for an out of country vacation, are planning on going to Europe (38%), followed by Latin or South America (21%), Caribbean (13%), and Canada (10%).

While asking about the motive for their overnight vacation within the next 12 months, most of Boomers say the main reason is either “To see, connect, or spend time with family and/or friends” (45%), or “For a pure fun, or relaxation” (38%).

American Time Use Survey — 2013 Results

June 24, 2014 Comments off

American Time Use Survey — 2013 Results
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

On an average day in 2013, employed adults living in households with no children under age 18 engaged in leisure activities for 4.5 hours, about an hour more than employed adults living with a child under age 6, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Nearly everyone age 15 and over (95 percent) engaged in some sort of leisure activity, such as watching TV, socializing, or exercising.

EU — Annual Review of Football Finance 2014 – A premium blend

June 23, 2014 Comments off

Annual Review of Football Finance 2014 – A premium blend
Source: Deloitte

The Deloitte Sports Business Group is proud to launch the 23rd edition of the Annual Review of Football Finance. Our Annual Review includes analysis of the business drivers and financial trends for clubs in some of the top divisions in European football and in the top four divisions of English football, with a particular focus on Premier League and Championship clubs.

FIFA World Cup, Combined Populations of 2014 Participants and Past Champions

June 20, 2014 Comments off

FIFA World Cup, Combined Populations of 2014 Participants and Past Champions
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

A new graphic using statistics from the U.S. Census Bureau’s International Data Base shows the populations of the 32 participating countries in this year’s FIFA World Cup and past champions. The combined population of this year’s participating countries is 1.9 billion.


Trademark Trial and Appeal Board order — Washington Redskins case

June 19, 2014 Comments off

Trademark Trial and Appeal Board order — Washington Redskins case
Source: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office

Petitioners, five Native Americans, have brought this cancellation proceeding pursuant to Section 14 of the Trademark Act of 1946, 15 U.S.C. § 1064(c). They seek to cancel respondent’s registrations issued between 1967 and 1990 for trademarks consisting in whole or in part of the term REDSKINS for professional football-related services on the ground that the registrations were obtained contrary to Section 2(a), 15 U.S.C. § 1052(a), which prohibits registration of marks that may disparage persons or bring them into contempt or disrepute. In its answer, defendant, Pro-Football, Inc., asserted various affirmative defenses including laches.

As explained below, we decide, based on the evidence properly before us, that these registrations must be cancelled because they were disparaging to Native Americans at the respective times they were registered, in violation of Section 2(a) of the Trademark Act of 1946, 15 U.S.C. § 1052(a). This decision concerns only the statutory right to registration under Section 2(a). We lack statutory authority to issue rulings concerning the right to use trademarks. See, e.g., In re Franklin Press, Inc., 597 F.2d 270, 201 USPQ 662, 664 (CCPA 1979).

+ All relevant documents

Major League Baseball and World War II: Protecting The Monopoly by Selling Major League Baseball as Patriotic

June 16, 2014 Comments off

Major League Baseball and World War II: Protecting The Monopoly by Selling Major League Baseball as Patriotic
Source: University of New Orleans (thesis – Stephen)

The Green Light letter from President Franklin Roosevelt to Major League Baseball Commissioner Kenesaw Mountain Landis gave MLB permission to continue throughout World War II. The team owners felt relief that MLB is the only professional sport to survive during the years of World War II (1941-1945). MLB became a primary contributor toward the war effort. While war-supporting efforts were conducted, team owners positioned themselves to benefit from the bond between baseball and the American people. MLB portrayed itself through the commissioner’s office policy as a patriotic partner by providing entertainment for American factory workers and contributing equipment to servicemen overseas. MLB also remained a monopoly without Congressional inquiries or public challenge. Since MLB was exempt from anti-trust laws, team owners operated within MLB’s anti-trust exemption and strengthened position for the post war period.

Beautiful Game: Soccer in the U.S. Could Be a Win for Advertisers and Programmers Alike

June 12, 2014 Comments off

Beautiful Game: Soccer in the U.S. Could Be a Win for Advertisers and Programmers Alike
Source: Nielsen

Long considered an up-and-coming sport to both watch and play, the popularity of soccer has been growing steadily since the rise of the soccer mom. In fact, advertisers and programmers looking for a unique opportunity to connect with fans outside well-established American sports, such as football or basketball, take note: the World Cup could be that space. After all, the sport’s fans are dedicated to the teams they root for, avid spenders and quite social when it comes to digital dialogue. Soccer’s fans are also a pretty diverse lot, which isn’t surprising considering it’s the preeminent sport throughout much of the world.

“While the World Cup only comes around every four years, and soccer—with two non-interrupted halves—has less space for traditional TV spots, the heavy branding on both stadium signage and player kits seems to resonate with fans,” said Stephen Master, senior vice president sports, Nielsen.

In fact, a recent survey by The Harris Poll^ found that nearly two-thirds (62%) of people who follow soccer, or fútbol, say they take notice of the companies that support their favorite teams and players.

What’s more, these fans are also avid consumers when it comes to team pride and showing their support!

The poll found that 58 percent of Americans who follow soccer already own merchandise supporting a favorite player, team or league, and over half of this same group (54%) say that they think wearing apparel to support their fandom is an important part of the watching the World Cup. Better still, many of these fans anticipate cracking open their wallets. Nearly half (45%) of soccer fans said they plan on purchasing merchandise in support of their favorite player, team or league.

The Wisdom of Smaller, Smarter Crowds

June 11, 2014 Comments off

The Wisdom of Smaller, Smarter Crowds
Source: Microsoft Research

The “wisdom of crowds” refers to the phenomenon that aggregated predictions from a large group of people can rival or even beat the accuracy of experts. In domains with substantial stochastic elements, such as stock picking, crowd strategies (e.g. indexing) are difficult to beat. However, in domains in which some crowd members have demonstrably more skill than others, smart sub-crowds could possibly outperform the whole. The central question this work addresses is whether such smart subsets of a crowd can be identified a priori in a large-scale prediction contest that has substantial skill and luck components. We study this question with data obtained from fantasy soccer, a game in which millions of people choose professional players from the English Premier League to be on their fantasy soccer teams. The better the professional players do in real life games, the more points fantasy teams earn. Fantasy soccer is ideally suited to this investigation because it comprises millions of individual-level, within-subject predictions, past performance indicators, and the ability to test the effectiveness of arbitrary player-selection strategies. We find that smaller, smarter crowds can be identified in advance and that they beat the wisdom of the larger crowd. We also show that many players would do better by simply imitating the strategy of a player who has done well in the past. Finally, we provide a theoretical model that explains the results we see from our empirical analyses.


Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 857 other followers