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American Academy of Pediatrics Policy Statement: Children, Adolescents, and the Media

October 15, 2014 Comments off

American Academy of Pediatrics Policy Statement: Children, Adolescents, and the Media
Source: American Academy of Pediatrics

Media, from television to the “new media” (including cell phones, iPads, and social media), are a dominant force in children’s lives. Although television is still the predominant medium for children and adolescents, new technologies are increasingly popular. The American Academy of Pediatrics continues to be concerned by evidence about the potential harmful effects of media messages and images; however, important positive and prosocial effects of media use should also be recognized. Pediatricians are encouraged to take a media history and ask 2 media questions at every well-child visit: How much recreational screen time does your child or teenager consume daily? Is there a television set or Internet-connected device in the child’s bedroom? Parents are encouraged to establish a family home use plan for all media. Media influences on children and teenagers should be recognized by schools, policymakers, product advertisers, and entertainment producers.

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New Report Shows Mounting Evidence of Millennials’ Shift Away From Driving

October 15, 2014 Comments off

New Report Shows Mounting Evidence of Millennials’ Shift Away From Driving
Source: USPIRG

A new report from the U.S. Public Interest Research Group (U.S. PIRG) Education Fund and the Frontier Group shows mounting evidence that the Millennial generation’s dramatic shift away from driving is more than temporary. While the 2000s saw a marked decrease in the average number of miles traveled by young Americans, the study explains that those trends appear likely to continue even as the economy improves – in light of the consistency of Millennials’ surveyed preferences, a continued reduction of Millennials driving to work, and the continued decreases in per-capita driving among all Americans.

Millennials and Generation X Commuting Less by Car, But Will the Trends Hold?

October 10, 2014 Comments off

Millennials and Generation X Commuting Less by Car, But Will the Trends Hold?
Source: Brookings Institution

Nationally, most commuters are still revving up their cars to get to work every morning, but how does the picture look across different age groups?

Based on the latest Census data from the 2013 American Community Survey, changes are underway for younger and older commuters alike, especially in the country’s largest metropolitan areas.* By and large, millennials and Generation X are leading the charge toward a range of alternate modes, including public transportation and walking, while baby boomers continue to use their cars at high levels.

Indeed, workers ages 16 to 24—the youngest working millennials—are commuting the least by car compared to all other age groups (82.4 percent), a share that has fallen by nearly 1.3 percentage points in large metro areas since 2007 alone. It’s also more than just a recent blip; that same age group drove at an 86.1 percent clip over three decades ago according to a 1983 survey.

Young millennials also represent the commuters who most frequently take public transportation (5.8 percent) and walk to work (6.6). They’re not only ditching the car in traditional multimodal hubs like San Francisco, but in several smaller metros as well. For example, Tucson ranked first nationally in its transit growth among these workers, seeing their share rise 5.5 percentage points since 2007. Meanwhile, more young workers are walking in other university-centric metros like Syracuse (+3.6), New Haven (+2.4) and Austin (+1.7).

A New Financial Reality: The Balance Sheets and Economic Mobility of Generation X

October 9, 2014 Comments off

A New Financial Reality: The Balance Sheets and Economic Mobility of Generation X
Source: Pew Charitable Trusts

This report finds that three-quarters of Gen Xers—Americans born between 1965 and 1980—have higher family incomes than their parents did at the same ages, but only a third have higher wealth. In part, this is because the typical Gen Xer has six times more debt than their parents did. Gen Xers were hit particularly hard by the Great Recession, which brought falling housing values and rising unemployment rates. As a result, they lost nearly half their wealth between 2007 and 2010.

The Pew Charitable Trusts analyzed individual family data across generations, including income, wealth, debt, educational attainment, race, demographic characteristics, and earner status to learn what separates the most financially stable Gen Xers from those who’ve fallen behind their parents. Gen Xers who are unable to translate their higher incomes into wealth holdings may remain more financially fragile and disadvantaged than the previous generation as they move closer to retirement.

Association between mobile phone use and inattention in 7102 Chinese adolescents: a population-based cross-sectional study

October 9, 2014 Comments off

Association between mobile phone use and inattention in 7102 Chinese adolescents: a population-based cross-sectional study (PDF)
Source: BMC Public Health

Background:
The dramatic growth of mobile phone (MP) use among young people has increased interest in its possible health hazards in this age group. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the association between MP use and inattention in adolescents.

Methods:
A total of 7720 middle school students were involved in this cross-sectional study. Inattention was assessed as defined for the Attention Deficit component of Attention deficit/Hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., text rev. [DSM-IV-TR]). The demographic characteristics and information on MP use were included in the questionnaire. Chi-square tests and logistic regression models were used to analyze the data.

Results:
In total, 7102 (91.99%) valid questionnaires were obtained. After adjusted for confounders, inattention in adolescents was significantly associated with MP ownership, the time spent on entertainment on MP per day, the position of the MP during the day and the mode of the MP at night. The strongest association between inattention and the time spent on the MP was among students who spent more than 60 minutes per day playing on their MP.

Conclusions:
Our study shows some associations between MP use and inattention in Chinese adolescents. Decreasing MP usage to less than 60 minutes per day may help adolescents to stay focused and centered.

The Millennial Disruption

October 8, 2014 Comments off

The Millennial Disruption
Source: Viacom

The data represented illuminates key findings from the Millennial Disruption Index (MDI), a three-year study of industry disruption at the hands of teens to thirtysomethings. Millennials, a generation born 1981–2000 and more than 84 million strong in the U.S. alone, use technology, collaboration and entrepreneurship to create, transform and reconstruct entire industries. As consumers, their expectations are radically different than any generation before them. For the MDI, Scratch surveyed over 10,000 Millennials about 73 companies spanning 15 industries. The results paint a clear picture of which brands are loved, which are meeting consumer needs, and which are poised on the brink of disruption. The Index also sheds light on the topline features of companies that Millennials rely on and identify with.

The Advantages of Demographic Change after the Wave: Fewer and Older, but Healthier, Greener, and More Productive?

October 6, 2014 Comments off

The Advantages of Demographic Change after the Wave: Fewer and Older, but Healthier, Greener, and More Productive?
Source: PLoS ONE

Population aging is an inevitable global demographic process. Most of the literature on the consequences of demographic change focuses on the economic and societal challenges that we will face as people live longer and have fewer children. In this paper, we (a) briefly describe key trends and projections of the magnitude and speed of population aging; (b) discuss the economic, social, and environmental consequences of population aging; and (c) investigate some of the opportunities that aging societies create. We use Germany as a case study. However, the general insights that we obtain can be generalized to other developed countries. We argue that there may be positive unintended side effects of population aging that can be leveraged to address pressing environmental problems and issues of gender inequality and intergenerational ties.

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