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U.S. Consumers Believe Bias Trumps Accuracy When Making Medical Decisions, says Accenture Survey

November 17, 2014 Comments off

U.S. Consumers Believe Bias Trumps Accuracy When Making Medical Decisions, says Accenture Survey
Source: Accenture

Don’t expect U.S. consumers to look to health insurers as their primary source of information when they have to make medical decisions, a new survey by Accenture (NYSE:ACN) indicates. The survey of 2,003 U.S. consumers showed the majority (69 percent) of the respondents believe that the information provided by insurers steers them in a preferred direction, and 65 percent believe the information they receive is difficult to apply to their own situation.

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Domesticating the Drone: The Demilitarisation of Unmanned Aircraft for Civil Markets

November 13, 2014 Comments off

Domesticating the Drone: The Demilitarisation of Unmanned Aircraft for Civil Markets
Source: Science and Engineering Ethics

Remotely piloted aviation systems (RPAS) or ‘drones’ are well known for their military applications, but could also be used for a range of non-military applications for state, industrial, commercial and recreational purposes. The technology is advanced and regulatory changes are underway which will allow their use in domestic airspace. As well as the functional and economic benefits of a strong civil RPAS sector, the potential benefits for the military RPAS sector are also widely recognised. Several actors have nurtured this dual-use aspect of civil RPAS development. However, concerns have been raised about the public rejecting the technology because of their association with military applications and potentially controversial applications, for example in policing and border control. In contrast with the enthusiasm for dual-use exhibited throughout the EC consultation process, the strategy for avoiding public rejection devised in its roadmap would downplay the connection between military and non-military RPAS and focus upon less controversial applications such as search and rescue. We reflect upon this contrast in the context of the European agenda of responsible research and innovation. In doing so, we do not rely upon critique of drones per se, in their neither their civil nor military guise, but explore the extent to which current strategies for managing their public acceptability are compatible with a responsible and socially beneficial development of RPAS for civil purposes.

Americans Consider Certain Kinds of Data to be More Sensitive than Others

November 12, 2014 Comments off

Americans Consider Certain Kinds of Data to be More Sensitive than Others
Source: Pew Research Internet Project

Different kinds of information evoke varying levels of sensitivity among Americans. Social security numbers are universally considered to be the most sensitive piece of personal information, while media tastes and purchasing habits are among the least sensitive categories of data. In general, about half of respondents view the content of phone conversations, email messages and text messages as “very sensitive,” and one in four see that data as “somewhat sensitive.”

There are various demographic patterns that are echoed across many of the responses:

  • Those who have higher levels of income and education report greater sensitivity for nearly every kind of data included in the survey.
  • Those who have heard a lot about government surveillance programs and those who have searched for information connected to their names online report higher sensitivity levels for most categories of information. These differences are especially notable when looking at the sensitivity of phone conversations and email messages.

Lots of Sizzle, Not Enough Steak in U.S. News Media

November 11, 2014 Comments off

Lots of Sizzle, Not Enough Steak in U.S. News Media (PDF)
Source: Harris Interactive

One might expect that today’s 24-hour news cycle should have room for everything. When the news never stops coming, it stands to reason that there’s sufficient bandwidth to leave no topical stone unturned… in theory. But of course, that doesn’t mean that every sort of story gets the same level of coverage. When provided with several types of news stories and asked which are under-, over-, or appropriately covered, three-fourths of U.S. adults (76%) say celebrity gossip/scandal stories are over-covered, while half (49%) say the same about general entertainment news and 44% believe sports news gets too much coverage. And perhaps the midterms are to blame, but a third of Americans (33%) feel U.S. elections are over-covered in U.S. news media.

The World’s 100 Most InDemand Employers: 2014

November 4, 2014 Comments off

The World’s 100 Most InDemand Employers: 2014
Source: LinkedIn

The most sought-after employers in the World based on billions of interactions from LinkedIn’s 300M+ members

Eight out of 10 Citizens Believe More Digital Tools Can Improve Police Services, According to New Research by Accenture

October 27, 2014 Comments off

Eight out of 10 Citizens Believe More Digital Tools Can Improve Police Services, According to New Research by Accenture
Source: Accenture

Eight-out-of-10 citizens surveyed by Accenture (NYSE:ACN) believe expanded use of new and advanced digital tools would improve police services. Specifically, they are comfortable with police officers using: predictive technologies (88 percent), security cameras (83 percent), wearable technologies, such as body-worn cameras, (80 percent) and mobile devices (89 percent).

How Much (More) Should CEOs Make? A Universal Desire for More Equal Pay

October 22, 2014 Comments off

How Much (More) Should CEOs Make? A Universal Desire for More Equal Pay (PDF)
Source: Perspectives on Psychological Science (forthcoming)

Do people from different countries and different backgrounds have similar preferences for how much more the rich should earn than the poor? Using survey data from 40 countries (N = 55,238), we compare respondents’ estimates of the wages of people in different occupations – chief executive officers, cabinet ministers, and unskilled workers – to their ideals for what those wages should be. We show that ideal pay gaps between skilled and unskilled workers are significantly smaller than estimated pay gaps, and that there is consensus across countries, socioeconomic status, and political beliefs for ideal pay ratios. Moreover, data from 16 countries reveals that people dramatically underestimate actual pay inequality. In the United States – where underestimation was particularly pronounced – the actual pay ratio of CEOs to unskilled workers (354:1) far exceeded the estimated ratio (30:1) which in turn far exceeded the ideal ratio (7:1). In sum, respondents underestimate actual pay gaps, and their ideal pay gaps are even further from reality than those underestimates.

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