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The experience of grandparents raising grandchildren

April 10, 2015 Comments off

The experience of grandparents raising grandchildren
Source: GrandFamilies

The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand the experiences of grandparents and the challenges they face raising their grandchildren. This study was conducted through qualitative interviewing, where participants responded to open-ended questions regarding the challenges of raising their grandchildren. Themes and patterns were identified through an open-coding process. The five themes discussed include: characteristics of everyday life, parenting experiences, lack of resources, managing negative emotions, and social changes. Implications for clinical practice and further research are discussed.

FY 2014 Annual Report on Intercountry Adoption

April 10, 2015 Comments off

FY 2014 Annual Report on Intercountry Adoption (PDF)
Source: U.S. Department of State

Tables 1 and 2 report the number of intercountry adoptions in FY 2014 involving immigration to the United States, regardless of whether the adoption occurred under the Hague Adoption Convention.

Table 3 reports the number of intercountry adoptions in FY 2014 involving emigration from the United States, regardless of whether the adoption occurred under the Hague Adoption Convention.

In FY 2014, adoption service providers (ASPs) reported 3 disrupted placements in Convention adoptions, i.e., cases in which there was an interruption of a placement for adoption during the post-placement (but pre-adoption) period. Table 6 summarizes this information.

In addition, information received from the Department of Health and Human Services pursuant to §422(b)(12) of the Social Security Act indicated 79 cases of disruptions and dissolutions involving 91 children who were adopted from foreign countries and entered state custody as a result.

Table 4 reports the average time required for completion of a Convention adoption.

HHS OIG — Not All Children in Foster Care Who Were Enrolled in Medicaid Received Required Health Screenings

March 4, 2015 Comments off

Not All Children in Foster Care Who Were Enrolled in Medicaid Received Required Health Screenings
Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General

Nearly a third of children in foster care who were enrolled in Medicaid did not receive at least one required health screening. Furthermore, just over a quarter of children in foster care who were enrolled in Medicaid received at least one required screening late. Moreover, ACF’s reviews do not ensure that children in foster care receive the required screenings according to State schedules.

Factsheets for Families: Parenting Your Adopted Preschooler

February 19, 2015 Comments off

Factsheets for Families: Parenting Your Adopted Preschooler
Source: Child Welfare Information Gateway

This factsheet is designed to help adoptive parents understand their preschooler’s developmental needs. It also provides practical strategies to promote a warm and loving parent-child relationship based on honesty and trust. It offers information on development, talking about adoption, and appropriate discipline.

See also: Factsheets for Families: Parenting Your Adopted School-Age Child

Domestic and International Adoption: Strategies to Improve Behavioral Health Outcomes for Youth and Their Families

February 17, 2015 Comments off

Domestic and International Adoption: Strategies to Improve Behavioral Health Outcomes for Youth and Their Families (PDF)
Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

Summarizes data shared during a two-day interagency meeting hosted by SAMHSA in August 2012 to discuss science, policy, and practice related to the behavioral health challenges of children who have been adopted.

Finding families for children in foster care

January 26, 2015 Comments off

Finding families for children in foster care
Source: Child Trends

One factor that may facilitate a successful reunification of children in foster care with their parents—or failing that, provide an alternate route to permanency through adoption or guardianship—is children’s connections with extended family. However, because foster care frequently disrupts social connections, practitioners may need to take extra steps to help children maintain or re-establish these connections. The Family Finding model provides child welfare practitioners with intensive search and engagement techniques to identify family members and other adults close to a child in foster care, and to involve these adults in developing and carrying out a plan for the emotional and legal permanency of the child. This report reviews the results from 13 evaluations of Family Finding that have been released over the past two years.

Health Outcomes in Young Adults From Foster Care and Economically Diverse Backgrounds

November 14, 2014 Comments off

Health Outcomes in Young Adults From Foster Care and Economically Diverse Backgrounds
Source: Pediatrics

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:
Foster youth have high rates of health problems in childhood. Little work has been done to determine whether they are similarly vulnerable to increased health problems once they transition to adulthood. We sought to prospectively evaluate the risk of cardiovascular risk factors and other chronic conditions among young adults formerly in foster care (FC) and young adults from economically insecure (EI) and economically secure (ES) backgrounds in the general population.

METHODS:
We used data from the Midwest Evaluation of the Adult Functioning of Former Foster Youth (FC group; N = 596) and an age-matched sample from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (EI and ES groups; N = 456 and 1461, respectively). After controlling for covariates, we performed multivariate regressions to evaluate health outcomes and care access by group at 2 time points (baseline at late adolescence, follow-up at 25–26 years).

RESULTS:
Data revealed a consistent pattern of graduated increase in odds of most health outcomes, progressing from ES to EI to FC groups. Health care access indicators were more variable; the FC group was most likely to report having Medicaid or no insurance but was least likely to report not getting needed care in the past year.

CONCLUSIONS:
Former foster youth appear to have a higher risk of multiple chronic health conditions, beyond that which is associated with economic insecurity. Findings may be relevant to policymakers and practitioners considering the implementation of extended insurance and foster care programs and interventions to reduce health disparities in young adulthood.

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