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Limited Health Knowledge as a Reason for Non-Use of Four Common Complementary Health Practices

July 16, 2015 Comments off

Limited Health Knowledge as a Reason for Non-Use of Four Common Complementary Health Practices
Source: PLoS ONE

Background
Complementary health practices are an important element of health/healthcare seeking behavior among adults in the United States. Reasons for use include medical need, prevention and wellness promotion, and cultural relevance. Survey studies published over the past several decades have provided important information on the use of complementary health practices, such as acupuncture and yoga. A review of the literature, however, reveals an absence of studies looking specifically at who does not use these approaches, and why not.

Methods
To explore this issue two samples were created using data from the 2007 National Health Interview Survey Complementary and Alternative Medicine supplement. Of particular interest was the relationship between lack of health knowledge, as a reason for non-use, and key independent variables. The first sample was comprised of individuals who had never used any of four common complementary health practices — acupuncture, chiropractic, natural products, and yoga. The second was a subset of those same non-users who had also reported low back pain, the most frequently cited health concern related to use of complementary therapies.

Results
A hypothesized association between lack of health knowledge, lower educational attainment, and other key socioeconomic indicators was supported in the findings. Although it was hypothesized that low back pain would be associated with greater information seeking, regardless of level of education, that hypothesis was not supported.

Conclusion
Lack of knowledge was found to affect utilization of common complementary health practices, regardless of the potentially motivating presence of back pain. Disparities in the utilization of complementary medicine, related to educational attainment and other socioeconomic factors, may negatively affect quality of care for many Americans. Creative approaches are needed to help reduce inequities in understanding and improve access to care for underserved populations.

ACPA Resource Guide To Chronic Pain Medication & Treatment — 2014 Edition

June 24, 2015 Comments off

ACPA Resource Guide To Chronic Pain Medication & Treatment — 2014 Edition (PDF)
Source: American Chronic Pain Association

The American Chronic Pain Association (ACPA) advocates a multi-modal strategy for dealing with chronic pain. The ACPA focuses on pain management skills and self-help strategies that individuals can use with the approval of their healthcare providers.

The ACPA considers the use of medication and other treatments to be a matter for individuals to determine in conjunction with their healthcare provider. The ACPA takes no position on medical treatment choices. Thus, information the ACPA provides about medical care is educational and informative only.

The ACPA Resource Guide to Chronic Pain Medication & Treatment is an unbiased consensus document that combines practical clinical ex perience and the most recent scientific information.

Complementary and Integrative Approaches for ADHD

June 19, 2015 Comments off

Complementary and Integrative Approaches for ADHD
Source: National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health

Surveys estimate that as many as 9 percent of American children and 4 percent of adults have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Although stimulant medications have been shown to be helpful for at least 70 percent of children with ADHD, many adults and children use complementary health approaches such as omega-3 fatty acids, melatonin, herbs and other dietary supplements, special diets, neurofeedback, and several mind and body practices, including acupuncture and meditation to control ADHD symptoms. Many of these complementary health approaches have been studied for ADHD, but none has been conclusively shown to be more effective than conventional therapies.

This issue of the digest provides information on what the science says about some of these complementary approaches for ADHD.

See also: 7 Things To Know About Complementary Health Approaches for ADHD

Complementary and Integrative Approaches for Cancer Symptoms and Treatment Side Effects

June 3, 2015 Comments off

Complementary and Integrative Approaches for Cancer Symptoms and Treatment Side Effects
Source: National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health

Many people who have been diagnosed with cancer use complementary health approaches. According to the 2007 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), which included a comprehensive survey on the use of complementary health approaches by Americans, 65 percent of respondents who had ever been diagnosed with cancer had used complementary approaches. Those who had been diagnosed with cancer were more likely than others to have used complementary approaches for general wellness, immune enhancement, and pain management.

A substantial amount of evidence suggests that some complementary health approaches, such as acupuncture, massage therapy, mindfulness-based stress reduction, and yoga may help to manage some cancer symptoms and side effects of treatment. For other complementary approaches (e.g., natural products), the evidence is more limited. This issue of the digest provides information on the evidence base on complementary and integrative health approaches for cancer-related symptoms and treatment side effects.

See also: 6 Things You Need To Know About Cancer and Complementary Health Approaches

CRS — Marijuana: Medical and Retail–Selected Legal Issues (April 8, 2015)

April 15, 2015 Comments off

Marijuana: Medical and Retail–Selected Legal Issues (PDF)
Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists)

The federal Controlled Substances Act (CSA) outlaws the possession, cultivation, and distribution of marijuana except for authorized research. More than 20 states have regulatory schemes that allow possession, cultivation, and distribution of marijuana for medicinal purposes. Four have revenue regimes that allow possession, cultivation, and sale generally. The U.S. Constitution’s Supremacy Clause preempts any state law that conflicts with federal law. Although there is some division, the majority of state courts have concluded that the federal-state marijuana law conflict does not require preemption of state medical marijuana laws. The legal consequences of a CSA violation, however, remain in place. Nevertheless, current federal criminal enforcement guidelines counsel confining investigations and prosecutions to the most egregious affront to federal interests.

Hepatitis C: A Focus on Dietary Supplements

April 7, 2015 Comments off

Hepatitis C: A Focus on Dietary Supplements
Source: National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)

Hepatitis C is a liver disease caused by a virus. It’s usually chronic (long-lasting), but most people don’t have any symptoms until the virus causes liver damage, which can take 10 or more years to happen. Without medical treatment, chronic hepatitis C can eventually cause liver cancer or liver failure. Conventional medical treatments are available for chronic hepatitis C. Some people with hepatitis C also try complementary health approaches, especially dietary supplements. This fact sheet provides basic information on hepatitis C, summarizes scientific research on selected supplements, and suggests sources for additional information.

Colorado Department of Revenue — Marijuana Annual Update 2014

March 3, 2015 Comments off

Marijuana Annual Update 2014
Source: Colorado Department of Revenue

• 833 Retail Establishment Licenses and 1,416 Medical Business Licenses as of December 2014
• Approximately 110% increase in Retail Business Licenses and 6% increase in Medical Business Licenses
• 15,992 Occupational Licenses as of December 2014
• 68% non-renewal rate for Occupational Licenses
• 109,578 pounds of medical marijuana flower sold
• 38,660 pounds of retail flower sold
• 1,964,917 units of medical edible products sold
• 2,850,733 units of retail edible products sold
• Approximately 3,200 MED Due Diligence and Complaint Investigations performed and closed
• 98.2% pass rate for potency tests on edibles
• 99.2% pass rate for homogeneity tests on edibles

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