Archive for the ‘University of California’ Category

Innovative Mobility Carsharing Outlook: Carsharing Market Overview, Analysis, and Trends

April 2, 2014 Comments off

Innovative Mobility Carsharing Outlook: Carsharing Market Overview, Analysis, and Trends
Source: University of California-Berkeley (Transportation Sustainability Research Center)

North American Carsharing:
· As of January 1, 2013, there were 46 active programs in North America with 1,033,564 members sharing 15,603 vehicles.
· As of January 1,2013, 20 Canadian operators claimed 141,351 members and shared 3,432 vehicles. In the United States, 891,953 members shared 12,131 vehicles among 25 operators. In Mexico, 620 members shared 40 vehicles among one operator.
· Between January 2012 and January 2013, carsharing membership grew 24.1% in the United States and 53.4% in Canada. Between January 2012 and January 2013, carsharing fleets grew 23.6% in the United States and 35.9% in Canada.
· As of January 1, 2013, U.S. member-vehicle ratios were 73:1, representing a 0.4% increase between January 2012 and January 2013. In Canada, the ratio was 41:1, representing a 12.9% increase over the same period.

Worldwide Carsharing:
· As of October 2012, carsharing was operating in 27 countries and 5 continents, accounting for an estimated 1,788,000 members sharing over 43,550 vehicles.
· North America remains the largest carsharing region, with Europe and North America accounting for 38.7% and 50.8% of worldwide carsharing membership, respectively.
· Europe accounts for the majority of fleets deployed in 2012: 47.0% in contrast to 36.2% in North America.
· As of October 2012, one-way carsharing was operating in seven countries worldwide including (Austria, Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and the United States).

Personal Vehicle Sharing
· As of October 2012, there were 33 personal vehicle sharing operators worldwide, with 10 active or in pilot phase, three planned, and four defunct in North America.

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Congressional Officials Grant Access Due To Campaign Contributions: A Randomized Field Experiment

March 28, 2014 Comments off

Congressional Officials Grant Access Due To Campaign Contributions: A Randomized Field Experiment (PDF)
Source: University of California-Berkeley

Concern that lawmakers grant preferential treatment to individuals because they have contributed to political campaigns has long occupied jurists, scholars, and the public. However, the effects of campaign contributions on legislators’ behavior have proven notoriously difficult to assess. We report the first randomized field experiment on the topic. In the experiment, a political organization attempted to schedule meetings between 191 Members of Congress and their constituents who had contributed to political campaigns. However, the organization randomly assigned whether it informed legislators’ offices that individuals who would attend the meetings were contributors. Congressional offices made considerably more senior officials available for meetings when offices were informed the attendees were donors, with senior officials attending such meetings more than three times as often (p < 0.01). Influential policymakers thus appear to make themselves much more accessible to individuals because they have contributed to campaigns, even in the absence of quid pro quo arrangements. These findings have significant implications for ongoing legal and legislative debates. The hypothesis that individuals can command greater attention from influential policymakers by contributing to campaigns has been among the most contested explanations for how financial resources translate into political power. The simple but revealing experiment presented here elevates this hypothesis from extensively contested to scientifically supported.

A Treacherous Journey: Child Migrants Navigating the U.S. Immigration System

March 17, 2014 Comments off

A Treacherous Journey: Child Migrants Navigating the U.S. Immigration System (PDF)
Source: University of California-Hastings College of the Law, Center for Gender & Refugee Studies

CGRS and Kids in Need of Defense (KIND) have collaborated to produce an important report urging lawmakers to reform the U.S. immigration system for migrant children who are coming to our borders with surging frequency. They come, often unaccompanied by an adult, in search of safety, stability, and protection. These children face a system that was created for adults, does not provide them legal counsel, and is not required to consider the child’s best interests, despite the potentially enormous impact of the proceedings on the child’s life and future.

Riding First Class: Impacts of Silicon Valley Shuttles on Commute & Residential Location Choice

March 16, 2014 Comments off

Riding First Class: Impacts of Silicon Valley Shuttles on Commute & Residential Location Choice (PDF)
Source: University of California-Berkeley (College of Environmental Design)

Employer-provided private shuttles have become a prominent part of the transportation network between San Francisco and Silicon Valley. As the Bay Area plans for transportation investments to meet sustainability goals and accommodate future population and employment growth, an understanding of the role of regional commuter shuttles becomes increasingly important. This study investigates the impacts of private shuttles on commute mode and residential location choice by conducting a travel time comparison and surveying shuttle riders. The authors find that the provision of shuttles and knowledge of shuttle stops influences both commute mode and residential location choice. Shuttles are an attractive option due to their time and cost savings compared to other modes. However, shuttles exacerbate the jobs-housing imbalance by enabling individuals to live farther from work. The extent to which location of shuttle stops influences residential location choice varies from person to person, though the vast majority of shuttle riders live within a short walk from the nearest shuttle stop. Policies should strike a balance between improved sustainability with existing land use patterns and better long-term regional transportation and land use planning.

Is The United States Still a Land Of Opportunity? Recent Trends in Intergenerational Mobility

January 23, 2014 Comments off

Is The United States Still a Land Of Opportunity? Recent Trends in Intergenerational Mobility
Source: Harvard University/University of California-Berkeley (Equality of Opportunity Project)

Is America the “Land of Opportunity”? In two recent studies, we find that: (1) Upward income mobility varies substantially within the U.S. Areas with greater mobility tend to have five characteristics: less segregation, less income inequality, better schools, greater social capital, and more stable families. (2) Contrary to popular perception, economic mobility has not changed significantly over time; however, it is consistently lower in the U.S. than in most developed countries.

UC Berkeley report raises alarm about falling wages, outsourcing at U.S. airports

November 18, 2013 Comments off

UC Berkeley report raises alarm about falling wages, outsourcing at U.S. airports
Source: UC Berkeley Center for Labor Research

The outsourcing of airport jobs that once sustained middle-class careers has left many airport workers in jobs characterized by insecurity and low wages, according to a new UC Berkeley study released Monday, Nov. 4. According to the study, this trend poses problems for workers, the communities surrounding airports and the flying public.

The report, “Course Correction,” comes as voters in SeaTac, Wash., a city adjacent to the Seattle-Tacoma International Airport, consider a local ordinance that would set a $15-per-hour minimum wage for many airport and airport-related workers, and do so just as the holiday season and air travel begin to pick up. Agencies also are considering similar measures at other airports.

According to the report, airport and airport-related workers saw real hourly wages fall by an average of 15 percent from 2002 to 2012. The report also notes that, while the total number of workers in air transport-related industries has declined since 2001, the share of outsourced workers grew from 19 percent to 26 percent by 2011.

Does Medicaid Expansion Reduce Job Lock and Job Push in the Labor Market?

October 21, 2013 Comments off

Does Medicaid Expansion Reduce Job Lock and Job Push in the Labor Market? (PDF)
Source: University of California-Irvine (Barkowski)

I estimate the extent that job mobility is affected by the link between health insurance and employment. Workers holding employment contingent health insurance (ECHI) are often thought to stay in jobs that are otherwise inferior matches out of fear of losing their ECHI, while those without insurance may leave employment states that are otherwise good matches seeking access to ECHI. These two phenomenons are known as job lock and job push, respectively. During the late 1980s and early 1990s, Medicaid expansions resulted in many working class households gaining Medicaid eligibility for one or more family members, an alternative source of health insurance that is not contingent on employment. Using this eligibility as a measure of variation in the demand for ECHI, I find large estimates of job lock and job push for men. Medicaid eligibility for one household member results in an increase in the likelihood of a voluntary job exit for men by approximately 50% to 60%. Similarly, moves into jobs with ECHI fall by approximately 23% in response to Medicaid eligibility. For women, I do not find consistent evidence of either job lock or job push effects.

2013 Ocean Health Index

October 16, 2013 Comments off

2013 Ocean Health Index
Source: University of California-Santa Barbara
From press release:

In the 2013 Ocean Health Index (OHI) –– an annual assessment of ocean health led by Ben Halpern, a research associate at UC Santa Barbara’s National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS) and professor at the Bren School of Environmental Science & Management –– scientists point to food provision as the factor that continues to require serious attention.

The OHI defines a healthy ocean as one that sustainably delivers a range of benefits to people now and in the future based on 10 diverse public goals. The 2013 score of 65 out of 100 demonstrates the ongoing need for more effective management of this precious resource.

Striking it Richer: The Evolution of Top Incomes in the United States (Updated with 2012 preliminary estimates)

September 11, 2013 Comments off

Striking it Richer: The Evolution of Top Incomes in the United States (Updated with 2012 preliminary estimates) (PDF)
Source: University of California-Berkeley (Saez)

What’s new for recent years?

2009-2012: Uneven recovery from the Great Recession From 2009 to 2012, average real income per family grew modestly by 6.0% (Table 1). Most of the gains happened in the last year when average incomes grew by 4.6% from 2011 to 2012.

However, the gains were very uneven. Top 1% incomes grew by 31.4% while bottom 99% incomes grew only by 0.4% from 2009 to 2012. Hence, the top 1% captured 95% of the income gains in the first three years of the recovery. From 2009 to 2010, top 1% grew fast and then stagnated from 2010 to 2011. Bottom 99% stagnated both from 2009 to 2010 and from 2010 to 2011. In 2012, top 1% incomes increased sharply by 19.6% while bottom 99% incomes grew only by 1.0%. In sum, top 1% incomes are close to full recovery while bottom 99% incomes have hardly started to recover. Note that 2012 statistics are based on preliminary projections and will be updated in January 2014 when more complete statistics become available. Note also that part of the surge of top 1% incomes in 2012 could be due to income retiming to take advantage of the lower top tax rates in 2012 relative to 2013 and after.

Retiming should be most prevalent for realized capital gains as individuals have great flexibility in the timing of capital gains realizations. However, series for income excluding realized capital gains also show a very sharp increase (Figure 1), suggesting that retiming likely explains only part of the surge in top 1% incomes in 2012. Retiming of income should produce a dip in top reported incomes in 2013. Hence, statistics for 2013 will show how important retiming was in the surge in top incomes from 2011 to 2012.

Overall, these results suggest that the Great Recession has only depressed top income shares temporarily and will not undo any of the dramatic increase in top income shares that has taken place since the 1970s.

Indeed, the top decile income share in 2012 is equal to 50.4%, the highest ever since 1917 when the series start (Figure 1).

Looking further ahead, based on the US historical record, falls in income concentration due to economic downturns are temporary unless drastic regulation and tax policy changes are implemented and prevent income concentration from bouncing back. Such policy changes took place after the Great Depression during the New Deal and permanently reduced income concentration until the 1970s (Figures 2, 3). In contrast, recent downturns, such as the 2001 recession, lead to only very temporary drops in income concentration (Figures 2, 3).

The policy changes that took place coming out of the Great Recession (financial regulation and top tax rate increase in 2013) are not negligible but they are modest relative to the policy changes that took place coming out of the Great Depression. Therefore, it seems unlikely that US income concentration will fall much in the coming years.

The Economic Impacts of Tax Expenditures : Evidence From Spatial Variation Across the U.S.

July 22, 2013 Comments off

The Economic Impacts of Tax Expenditures : Evidence From Spatial Variation Across the U.S. (PDF)
Source: Raj Chetty, Harvard University; Nathaniel Hendren, Harvard University; Patrick Kline, University of California Berkeley; Emmanuel Saez, University of California Berkeley

This paper develops a framework to study the effects of tax expenditures on intergenerational mobility using spatial variation in tax expenditures across the United States. We measure intergenerational mobility at the local ( census commuting zone ) level based on the correlation between parents’ and children’s earnings. We show that the level of local tax expenditures (as a percentage of AGI) is positively correlated with intergenerational mobility and that this correlation is robust to introducing controls for local area characteristics . To understand the mechanisms driving this correlation, we analyze the largest tax expenditures in greater detail. We find that the level and the progressivity of state income taxes are positively correlated with intergenerational mobility . Mortgage interest deductions are also positively related to intergenerational mobility . Finally, we find significant positive correlations between state EITC policy and intergenerational mobility. We conclude by discussing other applications of this methodology to evaluate the net benefits of tax expenditures.

Equity as a Factor in Surface Transportation Politics

June 17, 2013 Comments off

Equity as a Factor in Surface Transportation Politics

Source: University of California Transportation Center

By far the largest federal infrastructure grant program in the United States is for highways and urban mass transportation, totaling $60 billion in 2011 alone. Two of the three most recent multi-year authorizations for surface transportation programs, enacted in 1998 and 2005, featured equity in their formal titles. Many states argued that, to be equitable, federal highway aid should mirror revenue flows from each state into the federal Highway Trust Fund. In contrast, few argued for equity on behalf of the poor and disabled.

We are now in the midst of new debates about funding for surface transportation, and how to manage road congestion in an era when major capacity expansion is rarely feasible. These debates are also routinely framed around conceptions of equity. In this article, I seek to explain the distinctive nature of equity debates in US surface transportation, with particular attention to congestion pricing and High Occupancy Toll (HOT) lanes.

Data Brief — Blacks in Unions 2012

April 25, 2013 Comments off

Data Brief — Blacks in Unions 2012 (PDF)

Source: UC Berkeley Labor Center

From press release (PDF):

A new report released today by the University of California, Berkeley’s Center for Labor Research and Education finds that Black union density — the proportion of Black workers that belong to unions — exceeds the non-Black union density. In 2012, 13.1% of Black workers were in unions; for non-Black workers, the figure was 11.0%.

Key findings in this brief include:

  • A greater proportion of Black workers were union members compared to the proportion of non-Black workers who were union members. In 2012, 13.1% of all Black workers in the United States UNION DENSITY Proportion of Workforce in Unions All Men Women Black 13.1% 14.6% 11.9% Non-Black 11.0% 11.7% 10.3% Source: CPS BLACK SHARE Proportion of Union/Workforce that is Black All Men Women Union 13.3% 12.1% 14.8% Workforce 11.4% 10.0% 13.0% Source: CPSwere union members; 11.0% of non-Black workers in the United States were union members.
  • Black workers were disproportionately in unions relative to their share in the overall workforce. In 2012, 13.3% of all union members in the United States were Black; Blacks comprised 11.4% of the overall workforce in the United States.
  • These differences were magnified when limiting the analysis to the ten most populous metropolitan areas in the United States. Among U. S. workers, Blacks were 19% more likely to belong to unions than non-Blacks; however, among workers in the largest metropolitan areas, Blacks were 42% more likely to belong to unions compared to non-Blacks.

The Effect of Unpredicted Changes in Income on the Probability of Divorce

November 27, 2012 Comments off

The Effect of Unpredicted Changes in Income on the Probability of Divorce (PDF)

Source: University of California, Santa Barbara (Milosch, Economics)

This paper contributes to the literature on the economic determinants of marital stability. Surprises that reduce expected marital surplus, such as shocks to permanent income, are among the possible causes of divorce (Becker et al. (1977); Weiss and Willis (1997)). Measures of predicted permanent income are constructed for NLSY79 respondents and their spouses for each year of the marriage, and the effects of cumulative deviations from predicted permanent income at the time of marriage on divorce are estimated. I find that unpredicted decreases in predicted permanent income of the husband increase the probability of divorce. The results are robust to a number of methods and sub-samples, however some interesting patterns emerge across ethnic groups and education levels. Unpredicted decreases in predicted permanent income for the wife have no direct effect on divorce, unless they occur from a switch into unemployment. Characteristics of couples who experience large income shocks are examined. The empirical findings are compared to predictions of several types of marriage models.

Reclaiming the Right of Way: A Toolkit for Creating and Implementing Parklets

November 1, 2012 Comments off

Reclaiming the Right of Way: A Toolkit for Creating and Implementing Parklets (PDF)

Source: Luskin School of Public Affairs, UCLA

The purpose of the Parklet Toolkit (toolkit) is to provide city staff and community members with practical guidance to support the development of small-scale parks, called parklets. Parklet programs and projects are spreading quickly across the nation, from San Francisco to New York and other cities profiled in the toolkit. This decision support toolkit is designed specifically to facilitate the development of parklet projects in the city of Los Angeles and encourage a parklet program that creates an institutionalized pathway for their installation. Despite the focus on Los Angeles, the program case studies, project guidelines, and other best practices presented in this toolkit are easily transferable to other communities across the nation.

Organizational Culture and Performance and High-Technology Firms: The Effects of Culture Content and Strength

October 9, 2012 Comments off

Organizational Culture and Performance and High-Technology Firms: The Effects of Culture Content and Strength (PDF)

Source: University of California-Berkeley

Organizational researchers have long debated the meaning and consequences of organizational culture but the relationship between culture and organizational performance is still not well understood. Conventional wisdom suggests that a strong culture that aligns members’ behavior with organizational objectives should boost performance. A more recent view is that, because strong cultures are associated with greater adherence to routines and behavioral uniformity, they are less effective than weaker culture firms in dynamic environments. Both views fail to recognize that culture as a construct encompasses three dimensions: the content of norms (e.g., teamwork, integrity), how forcefully they are held by organizational members (its intensity), and how widely members agree about the norms within the organization (consensus). We hypothesize that strong cultures will boost performance in dynamic environments if a norm of adaptability is intensely held and cultural norms are widely shared among members. We find an additive interaction such that firms characterized by higher cultural-norm consensus and intensity about adaptability perform better than those characterized by lower consensus, lower intensity about adaptability, or both. We discuss the theoretical implications of differentiating between the content of cultural norms and their strength.

See: Organizational culture matters on the bottom line: Evidence from the high-tech industry (EurekAlert!)

E Pluribus…Separation: Deepening Double Segregation for More Students

September 20, 2012 Comments off

E Pluribus…Separation: Deepening Double Segregation for More Students

Source: The Civil Rights Project (UCLA)

This report shows that segregation has increased seriously across the country for Latino students, who are attending more intensely segregated and impoverished schools than they have for generations. The segregation increases have been the most dramatic in the West. The typical Latino student in the region attends a school where less than a quarter of their classmates are white; nearly two-thirds are other Latinos; and two-thirds are poor. California, New York and Texas, all states that have been profoundly altered by immigration trends over the last half-century, are among the most segregated states for Latino students along multiple dimensions.

In spite of declining residential segregation for black families and large-scale movement to the suburbs in most parts of the country, school segregation remains very high for black students. It is also double segregation by both race and poverty. Nationwide, the typical black student is now in a school where almost two out of every three classmates (64%) are low-income, nearly double the level in schools of the typical white or Asian student (37% and 39%, respectively). New York, Illinois, and Michigan consistently top the list of the most segregated states for black students. Among the states with significant black enrollments, blacks are least likely to attend intensely segregated schools in Washington, Nebraska, and Kansas.

School resegregation for black students is increasing most dramatically in the South, where, after a period of intense resistance, strong action was taken to integrate black and white students. Black students across the country experienced gains in school desegregation from the l960s to the late l980s, a time in which racial achievement gaps also narrowed sharply. These trends began to reverse after a 1991 Supreme Court decision made it easier for school districts and courts to dismantle desegregation plans. Most major plans have been eliminated for years now, despite increasingly powerful evidence on the importance of desegregated schools.

The Obama Administration, like the Bush Administration, has taken no significant action to increase school integration or to help stabilize diverse schools as racial change occurs in urban and suburban housing markets and schools. Small positive steps in civil rights enforcement have been undermined by the Obama Administration’s strong pressure on states to expand charter schools – the most segregated sector of schools for black students. Though segregation is powerfully related to many dimensions of unequal education, neither candidate has discussed it in the current presidential race.

New Report Faults Immigration Program for Wrongful Arrests, Detentions; Deportations Without Hearings and Counsel, Hints of Racial Profiling, US Citizen Arrests Top Concerns

October 21, 2011 Comments off

New Report Faults Immigration Program for Wrongful Arrests, Detentions; Deportations Without Hearings and Counsel, Hints of Racial Profiling, US Citizen Arrests Top Concerns
Source: UC Berkeley School of Law

The majority of people arrested in a fast-growing federal immigration enforcement program are jailed without bond, without access to a lawyer, and without a court hearing, according to a new report. Secure Communities by the Numbers: An Analysis of Demographics and Due Process finds that the Secure Communities program has led to thousands of wrongful arrests of U.S. citizens, while tens of thousands of families are split apart. The report, released by the Chief Justice Earl Warren Institute on Law and Social Policy at UC Berkeley School of Law, is a first-ever in-depth analysis of Secure Communities data obtained through the Freedom of Information Act.

Secure Communities relies on local law enforcement to target noncitizens for deportation. Fingerprints from individuals booked into local jails—many on minor infractions—are sent to the Department of Homeland Security for an immigration check, triggering arrests. This has transformed the enforcement landscape by allowing U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) agents to effectively run federal immigration checks on everyone booked into a local jail.

Key findings include:

  • Approximately 3,600 United States citizens have been arrested by ICE through the Secure Communities program even though citizens, by definition, should not be subject to immigration detention;
  • Approximately 88,000 families containing U.S. citizens have been affected by Secure Communities through the immigration arrest of a family member;
  • Latinos comprise 93% of individuals arrested through Secure Communities though they only comprise 77% of the undocumented population in the United States;
  • Only 52% of individuals arrested through Secure Communities were slated to appear before an immigration judge;
  • Only 24% of the individuals arrested through Secure Communities who did have an immigration hearing were represented by an attorney. By contrast, 40% of all immigration court respondents have counsel;
  • Only 2% of non-citizens arrested through Secure Communities are granted relief from deportation by an immigration judge. By contrast, 14% of all immigration court respondents are granted relief;
  • A large majority (83%) of people arrested through Secure Communities is held in ICE detention as compared with an overall DHS immigration detention rate of 62%. ICE does not appear to be exercising discretion when deciding whether or not to detain Secure Communities arrestees.

+ Full Report (PDF)

Tahoe: State of the Lake Report 2011

August 20, 2011 Comments off

Tahoe: State of the Lake Report 2011 (PDF)
Source: University of California-Davis (Tahoe Environmental Research Center)
From press release:

The University of California, Davis, has conducted continuous monitoring of Lake Tahoe since 1968, amassing a unique record of change for one of the world’s most beautiful and vulnerable lakes.

In the UC Davis Tahoe: State of the Lake Report, we summarize how natural variability, long term change and human activity have affected the lake’s clarity, physics, chemistry and biology over that period. We also present the data collected in 2010. The data shown reveal a unique record of trends and patterns – the result of natural forces and human actions that operate at time scales ranging from days to decades. These patterns tell us that Lake Tahoe is a complex ecosystem, behaving in ways we don’t always expect. This was never truer than in this last year. While Lake Tahoe is unique, the forces and processes that shape it are the same as those acting in all natural ecosystems. As such, Lake Tahoe is an analog for other systems both in the western US and worldwide.

Our role is to explore this complexity and to use our advancing knowledge to suggest options for ecosystem restoration and management. Choosing among those options and implementing them is the role of those outside the scientific community and needs to take account of a host of other considerations. This annual report is intended to inform non-scientists about the most important variables that affect lake health. Until recently, only one indicator of Lake Tahoe’s health status was widely used: the annual clarity (often called the Secchi depth, after the instrument used to collect the clarity data). In this report we publish many other environmental and water quality factors that all provide indicators of the lake’s condition.

This report sets the context for understanding the changes that are seen from year to year and those that are observed over a time scale of decades: Was Lake Tahoe warmer or cooler than the historical record last year? Are the inputs of algal nutrients to the lake declining? How much are invasive species affecting Lake Tahoe? And, of course, how do all these changes affect the lake’s famous clarity?

Who Are the Entrepreneurs: The Elite or Everyman?

April 27, 2011 Comments off

Who Are the Entrepreneurs: The Elite or Everyman?
Source: University of California eScholarship

We trace the social positions of the men and women who found new enterprises from the earliest years of one industry’s history to a time when the industry was well established. Sociological theory suggests two opposing hypotheses. First, pioneering entrepreneurs are socially prominent individuals from fields adjacent to the new industry and later entrepreneurs are from an increasingly broad swath of society. Second, the earliest entrepreneurs come from the social periphery while later entrepreneurs include more industry insiders and members of the social elite. To test these hypotheses, we study the magazine industry in America over the first 120 years of its history, from 1741 to 1860. We find that magazine publishing was originally restricted to industry insiders, elite professionals, and the highly educated, but by the time the industry became well established, most founders came from outside publishing and more were of middling stature – mostly small-town doctors and clergy without college degrees. We also find that magazines founded by industry insiders remained concentrated in the three biggest cities, while magazines founded by outsiders became geographically dispersed. Finally, we find that entrepreneurship evolved from the pursuit of a lone individual to a more organizationally-sponsored activity; this reflects the modernization of America during this time period. Our analysis demonstrates the importance of grounding studies of entrepreneurship in historical context. Our analysis of this “old” new media industry also offers hints about how the “new” new media industries are likely to evolve.

Livestock Escape Prevention and Capture Planning Guidelines: An Essential Guide for Livestock Exhibits at Public Events

February 9, 2011 Comments off

Livestock Escape Prevention and Capture Planning Guidelines: An Essential Guide for Livestock Exhibits at Public Events (PDF)

Source:  University of California – Davis, School of Veterinary Medicine

Animals play an important role in American society, and the public continues to have an interest in and fascination with animals of all types. Livestock such as cattle, sheep and horses have, for decades, been a major attraction in fairs, exhibitions, parades and competitions attended by large numbers of people.

This close association between livestock and the general public brings with it a responsibility for public safety. Unpredictable situations can arise when animals are moved from the confines of their home environment to a new location for public display or competition.

Therefore, it is essential when hosting a public animal exhibit or event that proper facilities, trained personnel and emergency protocols are in place to provide a safe environment for all. There are rare circumstances in which public officials may be confronted with an animal that presents an immediate and obvious threat to human life. These uncommon high-risk events require additional education and training of personnel charged with public safety, which is beyond the scope of this document. Additional training programs are under development through the International Animal Welfare Training Institute:

This document was prepared following broad input from animal scientists, veterinarians, private practitioners, animal production unit managers, and those managing animal events for the public. It is intended to provide introductory guidelines for individuals responsible for managing exhibits in which animals interface with the public. It addresses basic safety considerations regarding facility preparation, personnel training and animal handling methods, including techniques for responding to situations in which animals become loose from containment. In short, this document provides a framework for improving the safety of livestock exhibits and ensuring the continued enjoyment of these types of events.


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