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Statement by the President on Cuba Policy Changes

December 18, 2014 Comments off

Statement by the President on Cuba Policy Changes
Source: White House

Today, the United States of America is changing its relationship with the people of Cuba.

In the most significant changes in our policy in more than fifty years, we will end an outdated approach that, for decades, has failed to advance our interests, and instead we will begin to normalize relations between our two countries. Through these changes, we intend to create more opportunities for the American and Cuban people, and begin a new chapter among the nations of the Americas.

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Final Report on the Apostolic Visitation of Institutes of Women Religious in the United States of America, 16.12.2014 (Nuns)

December 16, 2014 Comments off

Final Report on the Apostolic Visitation of Institutes of Women Religious in the United States of America, 16.12.2014
Source: The Vatican

Great variations exist across religious institutes not only in their charism, mission, spiritual traditions, and communal life but also in more easily quantifiable characteristics such as the size and composition of their membership, the configuration of religious houses or other accommodations in which they live, their geographic dispersion and distribution, and the number, types, and settings of the works in which the religious are engaged. Despite these differences, the overall trends among a large majority of religious institutes, especially those related to aging and diminishment, are clear.

Today, the median age of apostolic women religious in the United States is in the mid-to-late 70s. The current number of approximately 50,000 apostolic women religious is a decline of about 125,000 since the mid-1960s, when the numbers of religious in the United States had reached their peak. It is important to note, however, that the very large numbers of religious in the 1960s was a relatively short-term phenomenon that was not typical of the experience of religious life through most of the nation’s history. The steady growth in the number of women religious peaked dramatically from the late 1940s through the early 1960s, after which it began to decline as many of the sisters who had entered during the peak years left religious life, the remaining sisters aged and considerably fewer women joined religious institutes.

The Employment Situation — November 2014

December 5, 2014 Comments off

The Employment Situation — November 2014
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 321,000 in November, and the unemployment rate was unchanged at 5.8 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. Job gains were widespread, led by growth in professional and business services, retail trade, health care, and manufacturing.

Department of Defense Report to the President of the United States on Sexual Assault Prevention and Response (released to the public November 14, 2014)

December 4, 2014 Comments off

Department of Defense Report to the President of the United States on Sexual Assault Prevention and Response
Source: U.S. Department of Defense

In December 2013, President Barack Obama directed the Department of Defense to prepare a comprehensive report detailing major improvements in the prevention of and response to sexual assault in the military, including reforms to the military justice system. In response, the Department prepared a report detailing its proactive and comprehensive approach, issued in November 2014. Find the Report, its appendices, enclosures and annexes below as individual documents for convenient access.

National Health Spending In 2013: Growth Slows, Remains In Step With The Overall Economy

December 4, 2014 Comments off

National Health Spending In 2013: Growth Slows, Remains In Step With The Overall Economy (PDF)
Source: Health Affairs

In 2013 US health care spending increased 3.6 percent to $2.9 trillion, or $9,255 per person. The share of gross domestic product devoted to health care spending has remained at 17.4 percent since 2009. Health care spending decelerated 0.5 percentage point in 2013, compared to 2012, as a result of slower growth in private health insurance and Medicare spending. Slower growth in spending for hospital care, investments in medical structures and equipment, and spending for physician and clinical care also contributed to the low overall increase.

Assessment of Stresses in the Cervical Spine Caused by Posture and Position of the Head (cell phone use)

November 20, 2014 Comments off

Assessment of Stresses in the Cervical Spine Caused by Posture and Position of the Head (PDF)
Source: Surgical Technology International

Billions of people are using cell phone devices on the planet, essentially in poor posture. The purpose of this study is to assess the forces incrementally seen by the cervical spine as the head is teilted forward, into worsening posture. This data is also necessary for cervical spine surgens to understand in the reconstruction of the neck.

Pediatric Exposure to Laundry Detergent Pods

November 10, 2014 Comments off

Pediatric Exposure to Laundry Detergent Pods
Source: Pediatrics

OBJECTIVE:
Laundry detergent pods are a new product in the US marketplace. This study investigates the epidemiologic characteristics and outcomes of laundry detergent pod exposures among young children in the United States.

METHODS:
Using data from the National Poison Data System, exposures to laundry detergent pods among children younger than 6 years of age during 2012–2013 were investigated.

RESULTS:
There were 17 230 children younger than 6 years exposed to laundry detergent pods in 2012–2013. From March 2012 to April 2013, the monthly number of exposures increased by 645.3%, followed by a 25.1% decrease from April to December 2013. Children younger than 3 years accounted for 73.5% of cases. The major route of exposure was ingestion, accounting for 79.7% of cases. Among exposed children, 4.4% were hospitalized and 7.5% experienced a moderate or major medical outcome. A spectrum of clinical effects from minor to serious was seen with ingestion and ocular exposures. There were 102 patients (0.6%) exposed to a detergent pod via ingestion, aspiration, or a combination of routes, including ingestion, who required tracheal intubation. There was 1 confirmed death.

CONCLUSIONS:
Laundry detergent pods pose a serious poisoning risk to young children. This nationwide study underscores the need for increased efforts to prevent exposure of young children to these products, which may include improvements in product packaging and labeling, development of a voluntary product safety standard, and public education. Product constituent reformulation is another potential strategy to mitigate the severity of clinical effects of laundry detergent pod exposure.

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