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Essentials for Parenting Toddlers and Preschoolers

December 18, 2014 Comments off

Essentials for Parenting Toddlers and Preschoolers
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Essentials for Parenting Toddlers and Preschoolers helps parents interact positively with children. It provides proven answers to common challenges so moms, dads, and caregivers can help two- to four-year-olds grow up happy and healthy.

  • Communicating with Children: Learn skills like praise and active listening
  • Creating Structure: Set expectations using family rules, reward charts, and daily schedules
  • Giving Directions: Encourage listening by giving simple directions
  • Using Discipline & Consequences: Get behaviors you want to happen more
  • Using Time-Out: Know when, where, and how to implement time-out

Read free articles, watch videos, and practice exercises for building positive relationships with kids. These techniques can reduce stress while developing a bond that’s safe, stable, and nurturing.

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Parents and the High Cost of Child Care: 2014 Report

December 16, 2014 Comments off

Parents and the High Cost of Child Care: 2014 Report
Source: Child Care Aware® of America

Eleven million children younger than age five are in some form of child care in the United States. The Parents and the High Cost of Child Care: 2014 Report summarizes the cost of child care across the country, examines the importance of child care as a workforce support and as an early learning program, and explores the effect of high costs on families’ child care options. This year’s report continues to expose child care as one of the most significant expenses in a family budget, often exceeding the cost of housing, college tuition, transportation or food.

Births in the United States, 2013

December 15, 2014 Comments off

Births in the United States, 2013
Source: National Center for Health Statistics

Key findings
Data from the National Vital Statistics System

  • There were 3.93 million births in the United States in 2013, down less than 1% from 2012 and 9% from the 2007 high. The U.S. general fertility rate was at an all-time low in 2013.
  • Birth rates dropped to record lows in 2013 among women under age 30 and rose for most age groups 30 and over.
  • The cesarean delivery rate declined less than 1% from 2012 to 2013, to 32.7% of births. This rate rose nearly 60% from 1996 to 2009, but was down slightly from the 2009 high.
  • The 2013 preterm birth rate was 11.39%, down 1% from 2012 and 11% from the 2006 peak. Declines in preterm rates since 2006 were reported across the United States.
  • The twin birth rate, which had been mostly stable for 2009–2012, rose 2% in 2013 to 33.7 per 1,000 births.

Nearly 6 Out of 10 Children Participate in Extracurricular Activities, Census Bureau Reports

December 15, 2014 Comments off

Nearly 6 Out of 10 Children Participate in Extracurricular Activities, Census Bureau Reports
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Fifty-seven percent of children between 6 and 17 years old participate in at least one after-school extracurricular activity, according to a new report released today from the U.S. Census Bureau. The report found that children were more likely to participate in sports (35 percent) than clubs or lessons like music, dance and language (both around 29 percent).

A Child’s Day: Living Arrangements, Nativity, and Family Transitions: 2011 uses statistics from the Survey of Income and Program Participation to examine aspects of a child’s well-being, examining their participation in extracurricular activities, and how participation related to a child’s living arrangements, parental nativity status and household or economic transitions.

UK — Families in the Labour Market, 2014

December 12, 2014 Comments off

Families in the Labour Market, 2014
Source: Office for National Statistics

Examines the labour market participation of families. Topics include the number of working and workless families, employment rates of parents and differences in the employment rates and the types of work done by mothers and women without dependent children.

Trouble in Toyland 2014: Avoiding Dangerous Toys

December 11, 2014 Comments off

Trouble in Toyland 2014: Avoiding Dangerous Toys
Source: U.S. Public Interest Research Group

For almost 30 years, U.S. PIRG Education Fund has conducted an annual survey of toy safety, which has led to an estimated 150 recalls and other regulatory actions over the years, and has helped educate the public and policymakers on the need for continued action to protect the health and wellbeing of children.

Among the toys surveyed this year, we found numerous choking hazards and five toys with concentrations of toxics exceeding federal standards. In addition to reporting on potentially hazardous products found in stores in 2014, this installment of the report describes the potential hazards in toys and children’s products.

See also: Toy-Related Deaths and Injuries: Calendar Year 2014 (PDF; Consumer Product Safety Commission, November 2014)

Men as caregivers of the elderly: support for the contributions of sons

December 10, 2014 Comments off

Men as caregivers of the elderly: support for the contributions of sons
Source: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare

Emerging practice research on filial sources of health care support has indicated that there is a growing trend for sons to assume some responsibility for the health care needs of their aging parents. The purpose of this work is to propose that outcomes observed through a secondary analysis of data from a previous mixed methods research project, conducted with a sample of 60 elderly women residing in independent living centers, supports this concept in elder care. The present study is a retrospective interpretation utilizing the original database to examine the new question, “What specific roles do sons play in caregiving of their elderly mothers?” While daughters presently continue to emerge in existing health care studies as the primary care provider, there is a significant pattern in these data for older patients to depend upon sons for a variety of instrumental activities of daily living. As the baby-boomers age, there is more of cohort trend for their families to be smaller, adult daughters to be employed, and for adult children to be more geographically mobile. These factors may combine to make health care support networks more limited for the current aging population, challenging the elderly and their health care providers to revisit the cultural gender norms that are used to identify caregivers.

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