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Urban Audit – Comparing United Kingdom and European towns and cities, 2010-12

July 28, 2014 Comments off

Urban Audit – Comparing United Kingdom and European towns and cities, 2010-12
Source: Office for National Statistics

What are UK towns and cities like to live and work in? And how do they compare with other places in Europe?

Urban Audit is a European Commission funded project whose aim is to measure and improve city life by understanding our urban environments and sharing experiences1. Comparable data on a variety of themes are collected by individual nations and supplied to Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union (EU), for publication.

The value of Urban Audit lies in the streamlined methodology of the data collection, despite very different sources, allowing international comparison with other cites and analysis over time. Urban Audit V is the most recent round and provides data for UK and European cities between 2010 and 2012, with the main reference year 2011. There are more than 100 main variables for the UK and many further derived figures based on these. The Eurostat website links to a comprehensive interactive database that details all statistics across all geographies and time periods. Annex A provides more detail on the geography of Urban Audit.

Urban Audit provides a wide range of data, including demography, transport, housing, environment and economy. More than 70% of people in Europe live in towns or cities and this report from the Office for National Statistics (ONS) sets out to provide an overview of key variables linked to urban policy themes that are relevant to EU, national and local government. These are motorisation rates, housing type, old age dependency ratios and air quality. The choice of these topics is intended to highlight the type and breadth of available data and does not attempt to paint a comprehensive picture of all aspects of urban life in the UK compared with Europe. However, the results show how similar UK towns and cities are to their European counterparts in some respects and how strikingly different in others. More reports covering specific themes and types of town or city are planned for the future. Information on the policy context for the variables is available in Annex B.

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Crime in England and Wales, Year Ending March 2014

July 18, 2014 Comments off

Crime in England and Wales, Year Ending March 2014
Source: Office for National Statistics

Key points

  • Latest figures from the CSEW show there were an estimated 7.3 million incidents of crime against households and resident adults (aged 16 and over) in England and Wales for the year ending March 2014. This represents a 14% decrease compared with the previous year’s survey, and is the lowest estimate since the survey began in 1981.
  • The CSEW covers a broad range of victim based crimes and includes crimes which do not come to the attention of the police. Decreases were evident for most major crime types compared with the previous year; violence saw a 20% fall, criminal damage fell by 17%, and theft offences decreased by 10%.
  • In contrast, police recorded crime shows no overall change from the previous year, with 3.7 million offences recorded in the year ending March 2014. Prior to this police recorded crime figures have shown year on year reductions since 2002/03.
  • While both series have shown falls in crime since 2002/03, police recorded crime has fallen at a faster rate than the survey, particularly between 2006/07 and 2011/12. This has raised questions about the quality of crime recording by the police.
  • For the most recent year this pattern has changed with the recorded crime series showing a similar level of crime compared with the previous year while the survey continues to fall. The renewed focus on the quality of crime recording by the police is likely to have prompted improved compliance with crime recording standards in some police forces, leading to a higher proportion of reported crimes being recorded. This is thought to have particularly impacted the police recorded figures for violence against the person (up 6%) and public order offences (up 2%).
  • The number of police recorded shoplifting offences showed a 7% increase compared with the previous year. Anecdotal evidence from police forces suggests that this rise is likely to be a result of a genuine increase in crime rather than any change in recording practice.
  • There was also a large increase in the volume of fraud recorded (17% year on year), though it is difficult to judge to what extent that reflected an improvement in recording practices, an increase in public reports or a rise in actual criminality.
  • Sexual offences recorded by the police saw a 20% rise from the previous year and continues the pattern seen in recent publications. This rise is related to the effect of the Operation Yewtree investigation, connected to the Jimmy Savile inquiry, whereby more victims are coming forward to report offences to the police. Improved compliance with the recording standards for sexual offences in some police forces may also be a factor.

UK Wages Over the Past Four Decades, 2014

July 15, 2014 Comments off

UK Wages Over the Past Four Decades, 2014
Source: Office for National Statistics

This report looks at changes in earnings in the UK over the past forty years. It makes use of distributional and cohort analysis to assess the impact of the recession on real earnings as well as looking at the impact of the introduction of the national minimum wage.

UK — What Does the 2011 Census Tell Us About Inter-ethnic Relationships?

July 11, 2014 Comments off

What Does the 2011 Census Tell Us About Inter-ethnic Relationships?
Source: Office for National Statistics

Key Points

  • Nearly 1 in 10 people (9% or 2.3 million) who were living as part of a couple were in an inter-ethnic relationship in England and Wales in 2011. This has increased from 7% in 2001.
  • People from the Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups were most likely to be in an inter-ethnic relationship (85%).
  • Outside the Mixed/Multiple ethnic groups, White Irish (71%), Other Black (62%) and Gypsy or Irish Travellers (50%) were the most likely to be in an inter-ethnic relationship.
  • White British (4%) were least likely to be in inter-ethnic relationships, followed by Bangladeshi (7%), Pakistani (9%) and Indian (12%) ethnic groups.
  • The biggest difference between the sexes was found with the Chinese group, where women were almost twice as likely (39%) to be in an inter-ethnic relationship as men (20%).
  • Of all people in inter-ethnic relationships, 4 in 10 (40%) included someone who was White British – the most common being between Other White and White British (16%).
  • People who were married (or in a civil partnership) were less likely to be in an inter-ethnic relationship than people who were co-habiting (8% compared with 12%).
  • Some 7% of dependent children lived in a household with an inter-ethnic relationship.
  • Pakistani (3%), Indian (3%) and Bangladeshi (2%) dependent children were least likely to live in a household with an inter-ethnic relationship.

2011 Census Analysis: How do Living Arrangements, Family Type and Family Size Vary in England and Wales?

June 26, 2014 Comments off

2011 Census Analysis: How do Living Arrangements, Family Type and Family Size Vary in England and Wales?
Source: Office for National Statistics

This story summarises the distribution of family types (married couples, cohabiting couples and lone parents with/without dependent children) within England and Wales and the interaction with family size (number of dependent children). Variations in family size and type by country of birth are also highlighted.

Measuring National Well-being, European comparisons, 2014

June 25, 2014 Comments off

Measuring National Well-being, European comparisons, 2014
Source: Office for National Statistics

  • In 2011, 71.8% of adults aged 16 and over in the UK rated their life satisfaction as 7 or more out of 10, higher than the EU–28 average of 69.3%.
  • The average rating of satisfaction with family life by people aged 16 and over in the UK in 2011 was 8.2 out of 10, higher than the EU–28 average of 7.8 out of 10.
  • Over 6 in 10 people (62.7%) aged 16 and over in the UK rated their health status as very good or good in 2011, lower than the EU–28 average of 64.0%.
  • In 2011, 58.4% of people aged 16 and over in the UK reported that they felt close to other people in the area where they lived, lower than the EU–28 average of 66.6%.
  • A fifth (20.2%) of households in the UK in 2012 reported great difficulty or difficulty in making ends meet, lower than the estimated EU–28 average of 27.7%.
  • In 2013, 79% of adults aged 15 and over in the UK scored very high, high or medium on an index of cultural practice (measuring frequency of cultural participation), higher than the EU–27 average of 66%.

UK — Travel Trends 2013

May 26, 2014 Comments off

Travel Trends 2013
Source: Office for National Statistics

Trends in visits to the UK by overseas residents

  • 2013 saw the highest number of visits to the UK by overseas residents since the IPS began in 1961, it also saw the highest recorded spending.
  • Overseas residents made 5.6% more visits to the UK in 2013 compared with 2012 leading to an historical high of 32,813,000 visits.
  • Earnings from visits to the UK rose by £2.4 billion (12.7%) compared to 2012 to reach a record level of spending in the UK of £21 billion.
  • The number of nights spent in the UK also grew 6.6% in 2013 to a total of 245.3 million overnight stays.
  • Visits from North America continued to show a decline, 0.3% down on 2012, however spending from the region increased by 2.9%. Visits from Europe and ‘Other Countries’ showed increases of 5.7% and 9.3% respectively and spending from these regions also grew by 10.5% and 21.6%.
  • Holidays remain the main reason for visits to the UK accounting for 12.7 million visits, a rise of 6.4% on 2012. Business visits and visits to friends and family continued to show growth, up 7.0% and 4.2% respectively.
  • Overseas residents made 16.8 million overnight visits to London in 2013, an increase of 1.3 million (8.6%) from 2012, and spent an estimated £11.3 billion on visits to the Capital.
  • Overnight visits to the rest of England grew by 6.1% to 13.6 million while visits to Scotland and Wales both showed increases after falls in 2012, Scottish visits up 9.8% and Welsh 3.5%.

Trends in visits abroad by UK Residents

  • UK residents made 3.5% more visits abroad than in 2012 and spent £2.5 billion (7.6%) more during these visits. The length of visit also increased in 2013 up 4.7% to 611.5 million nights.
  • Holiday visits abroad grew by 4.0% as did visits abroad to friends or family, up 5.7%, however business visits fell by 1.9%. The picture for expenditure was the same with spending on holidays and visits to friends and family rising 8.4% and 11.8% respectively, while expenditure on business visits abroad fell 3.0%.
  • Visits to North America and ‘Other Countries’ grew in 2013 after falls in 2012, both up 0.7% and 2.7% respectively. Visits to Europe continued to rise, increasing by 3.9% in 2013.
  • Spain continues to be the top destination for UK residents visiting abroad, accounting for 11.7 million visits, an increase of 5.8% on 2012. Visits to France grew 0.8% in 2013 following a fall in visits since 2009. Visits to Morocco and Tunisia continue to grow in 2013, both increasing by 28.7% and 17.0% respectively. At the same time visits to Egypt continue to decrease, showing a fall of 1.0% in 2013, following the trend of recent years.
  • The average length of stay on visits abroad remained broadly constant in 2013 at 10.5 nights, however average spending on these visits increased by 4.0% from £573 in 2012 to £596 in 2013.

UK — 544,000 stepfamilies with dependent children in 2011

May 12, 2014 Comments off

544,000 stepfamilies with dependent children in 2011
Source: Office for National Statistics

While the number of couple non-stepfamilies with dependent children has risen by 4% between 2001 and 2011, the number of couple stepfamilies with dependent children has fallen by 14% from 631,000 to 544,000 over the same period. There are no clear reasons for the fall in the number of stepfamilies but possible factors include:

+ A rise in the average age at which women have their first baby. This means that children are less likely to be born to younger couples who are more likely to break up. This may lessen the chance of children becoming stepchildren later on

+ Lone parents may be increasingly likely to have a partner who lives elsewhere. This partner may be a stepparent to the lone parent’s children while not living with them permanently.

Estimates from the General Lifestyle Survey in 2011 for Great Britain show that 85% of stepfamilies with dependent children included children from the woman’s previous relationship, 11% included children from the man’s previous relationship and 4% from both partners’ previous relationships.

Inequality in Healthy Life Expectancy at Birth by National Deciles of Area Deprivation: England, 2009-11

March 25, 2014 Comments off

Inequality in Healthy Life Expectancy at Birth by National Deciles of Area Deprivation: England, 2009-11
Source: Office for National Statistics

Key Findings

  • Males in the most advantaged areas can expect to live 19.3 years longer in ‘Good’ health than those in the least advantaged areas as measured by the slope index of inequality (SII). For females this was 20.1 years.
  • The largest differences in healthy life expectancy between neighbouring deciles were found between the most deprived area groupings.
  • Males in the most deprived areas have a life expectancy 9.2 years shorter (when measured by the range) than males in the least deprived areas, they also spend a smaller proportion of their shorter lives in ‘Good’ health (70.9% compared to 85.2%).
  • Females in the most deprived areas have a life expectancy 6.8 years shorter (when measured by the range) than females in the least deprived areas they also expect to spend 16.9% less of their life in ‘Good’ health (66.5% compared to 83.4%).

UK Gross Domestic Expenditure on Research and Development, 2012

March 15, 2014 Comments off

UK Gross Domestic Expenditure on Research and Development, 2012
Source: Office for National Statistics

Key Points

  • In 2012, the UK’s gross domestic expenditure on research and development (GERD), in current prices, decreased by 2% to £27.0 billion compared with 2011. Adjusted for inflation, in constant prices, research and development (R&D) expenditure decreased by 3%.
  • In constant prices, R&D expenditure has increased by 56% from the 1985 estimate of £17.3 billion. Expenditure peaked in 2011 at £27.9 billion.
  • The business sector performed 63% of UK R&D expenditure in 2012. Expenditure by this sector decreased by 2%, in current prices, to £17.1 billion in 2012, compared with 2011.
  • Total R&D expenditure in the UK in 2012 represented 1.72% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), a decrease from 1.77% in 2011.
  • International comparisons show that UK R&D expenditure in 2012 was below the EU-28 provisional estimate of 2.06% of GDP.

Suicides in the United Kingdom, 2012 Registrations

February 27, 2014 Comments off

Suicides in the United Kingdom, 2012 Registrations
Source: Office for National Statistics

Key Points

  • In 2012, 5,981 suicides in people aged 15 and over were registered in the UK, 64 fewer than in 2011.
  • The UK suicide rate was 11.6 deaths per 100,000 population in 2012, but there are significant differences in suicide rates between men and women. Male suicide rates were more than three times higher at 18.2 male deaths compared with 5.2 female deaths per 100,000 population.
  • The highest suicide rate was among men aged 40 to 44, at 25.9 deaths per 100,000 population.
  • The most common methods of suicide in the UK in 2012 were hanging, strangulation and suffocation (58% of male suicides and 36% of female suicides) and poisoning (43% of female suicides and 20% of male suicides).
  • In 2012 in England, the suicide rate was highest in the North West at 12.4 deaths per 100,000 population and lowest in London at 8.7 per 100,000 population.
  • The median registration delay for deaths where suicide was the underlying cause of death was 155 days in England and Wales and 144 days in Northern Ireland. In Scotland, the time taken to register a death did not exceed the allocated eight days.

UK — Measuring National Well-being – Governance, 2014

February 26, 2014 Comments off

Measuring National Well-being – Governance, 2014
Source: Office for National Statistics

This article is published as part of the Office for National Statistics (ONS) Measuring National Well-being Programme. The programme aims to produce accepted and trusted measures of the well-being of the nation – how the UK as a whole is doing. This article explores in more detail aspects of governance considered important for understanding National Well-being. It considers information on forms of civic engagement, notably satisfaction with government and democracy, interest in politics and participation in politics.

Live Births in England and Wales by Characteristics of Mother 1, 2012

October 16, 2013 Comments off

Live Births in England and Wales by Characteristics of Mother 1, 2012
Source: Office for National Statistics

Key Findings

  • In 2012, nearly half (49%) of all live births were to mothers aged 30 and over.
  • In 2012, nearly two-thirds (65%) of fathers were aged 30 and over (excluding births registered solely by the mother).
  • In 2012, the standardised average age of mothers for all births was 29.8 years.
  • In 2012, for first births the standardised average age of mothers was 28.1 years.
  • In 2012, 84% of babies were registered by parents who were married, in a civil partnership or cohabiting.

UK Business: Activity, Size and Location – 2013

October 9, 2013 Comments off

UK Business: Activity, Size and Location – 2013
Source: Office for National Statistics

Headline Figures

  • The number of VAT and/or PAYE businesses is estimated to have risen by 18,000 (0.9%) between March 2012 and March 2013.
  • Companies and public corporations represent 64% of total businesses.
  • The largest industry group is professional, scientific and technical with 16.9% of all registered businesses.
  • London has the largest number of VAT and/or PAYE based businesses, with 17.2% of the UK total.
  • The number of businesses rose over the last couple of years, following a decline since 2008.

Estimates of the Very Old (including Centenarians), 2002-2012, England and Wales

October 8, 2013 Comments off

Estimates of the Very Old (including Centenarians), 2002-2012, England and Wales
Source: Office for National Statistics

Key Points

  • In 2012 there were estimated to be 465,500 people aged 90 and over living in England and Wales, just under 1% of the total population.
  • Between 2002 and 2012 there has been a 33% increase in the number of those aged 90 and over.
  • In 2012 in England and Wales, the number of centenarians (those aged 100 and over) was estimated to be 12,320.
  • There were estimated to be 2.6 women per man aged 90 and over and 5.9 women per man aged 100 and over in England and Wales in 2012.

Civil Partnerships in the UK, 2012

October 8, 2013 Comments off

Civil Partnerships in the UK, 2012
Source: Office for National Statistics

Key Findings

  • The provisional number of civil partnerships in the UK in 2012 was 7,037, an increase of 3.6% since 2011.
  • The average age of men forming a civil partnership in the UK in 2012 was 40.0 years, while for women the average age was 37.6 years. These figures represent a small decrease in average ages in comparison to 2011.
  • The provisional number of civil partnership dissolutions granted in England and Wales in 2012 was 794, an increase of 20% since 2011.

UK unemployment since 2005

July 22, 2011 Comments off

UK unemployment since 2005
Source: Office for National Statistics

The UK experienced a long period of falling unemployment rates after the end of the early 1990s recession where it stood at 10.7 per cent at the start of 1993. The unemployment rate levelled off from around 2001 and reached a low in the UK of 4.7 per cent at the beginning of 2005. This was followed by a small rise and then a sharper increase during the 2008-2009 recession.

Looking at the overall period from Jan-Mar 2005 to the latest quarter Mar-May 2011, the increase (difference between peaks and lows) in unemployment rates varied across regions:

  • The increase was largest in West Midlands (6.1 percentage points) and Yorkshire and The Humber (5.3 percentage points)
  • The increase was lowest in the South East (2.7 percentage points), East of England (3.0 percentage points), London (3.2 percentage points) and the South West (3.5 percentage points)

Between 2005 and the latest quarter (Mar-May 2011), the three regions with the highest peaks in unemployment rates were:

  • West Midlands, where unemployment peaked at 10.6 per cent in Apr-Jun 2009
  • North East, where unemployment peaked at 10.4 per cent in Jan-Mar 2011
  • Yorkshire and The Humber, where unemployment peaked at 9.7 per cent in Jan-Mar 2010

Data from the most recent quarter (Mar-May 2011) show the highest unemployment rate for North East, at 9.8 per cent, and lowest unemployment rate for South East, at 5.7 per cent.

Commuting to work: Half-hour to work for 75% in UK

June 6, 2011 Comments off

Commuting to work: Half-hour to work for 75% in UK
Source: Office for National Statistics

Looking at the UK as a whole, around 3 in 4, or 75 per cent of workers take half an hour or less to travel from home to work

However, commuting patterns are vastly different between workers in London and those working in the rest of the UK.

People working in London, in particular central London, tend to travel longer to get to work, with more than half, 56 per cent, needing to commute for more than thirty minutes to get to work every day. In contrast, of those working in the rest of the UK, only 20 per cent need to travel as long to reach their workplace.

In the final quarter of 2009, around 3 in 5, or 59 per cent of all workers in the UK worked and lived in the same local authority district. The remaining, 41 per cent, worked in a different local authority district from the one in which they lived.

UK — Royal-ing back the years

April 27, 2011 Comments off

Royal-ing back the years (PDF)
Source: Office for National Statistics

As Prince William and Kate Middleton prepare to tie the knot at Westminster Abbey, ONS has taken a look back to 1981, when the prince’s parents’ wedding captured the attention of a nation and the world. How does today’s society compare with three decades ago when we look at the numbers that count?

In 1981, Charles and Diana were one of 351,973 couples who tied the knot in England and Wales – 36,526 in the same month, July. However, July wasn’t the most popular month for weddings that year – that was August, which saw 43,247.

By contrast, in 2009 – the most recent year the ONS has figures for – there were only 231,490 marriages. This was the lowest number since William’s great-great-great-great-grandmother Queen Victoria was on the throne, in 1895.

Over the last three decades marriage rates have fallen considerably and the number of marriages have therefore fallen. Important drivers of this trend are that men and women are delaying getting married, or not marrying at all. Meanwhile there has been an increase in the number of people cohabiting, as a precursor to, or instead of marrying.

UK — CPI and RPI: The 2011 Basket of Goods

March 21, 2011 Comments off

CPI and RPI: The 2011 Basket of Goods
Source: Office for National Statistics

The ‘shopping basket’ of items making up the Consumer Prices Index (CPI) and Retail Prices Index (RPI) are reviewed every year.

Some items are taken out of the basket and some are brought in, to reflect changes in the market and to make sure the CPI and RPI are up-to-date and representative of consumer spending patterns.

This article describes the review process and explains how and why the various items in the CPI and RPI baskets are chosen.

+ Full Document (PDF)

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