Archive for the ‘Office for National Statistics’ Category

Life Expectancy at Birth and at Age 65 by Local Areas in England and Wales, 2011–13

January 8, 2015 Comments off

Life Expectancy at Birth and at Age 65 by Local Areas in England and Wales, 2011–13
Source: Office for National Statistics

Key findings

  • In 2011–13, the inequality in life expectancy between the local areas with the highest and lowest figures was greater for newborn baby boys than girls, but slightly greater for women than men at age 65.
  • The inequality in life expectancy between the local areas with the highest and lowest figures increased for newborn baby boys, but reduced for girls between 2007–09 and 2011–13.
  • Life expectancy at birth and at age 65 increased at a faster pace in London, the North East and the North West compared with other regions between 2007–09 and 2011–13.
  • In 2011–13, approximately 32% of local areas in the East, 43% in the South East and 28% in the South West were in the fifth of areas with the highest male life expectancy at birth.
  • In contrast, there was no local area in the North East and Wales in this group. A similar pattern was observed for females.
  • In 2011–13, life expectancy for newborn baby boys was highest in South Cambridgeshire (83.0 years); 8.7 years longer than in Blackpool with the lowest (74.3 years).
  • For newborn baby girls, life expectancy was highest in Chiltern (86.4 years); 6.4 years longer than in Manchester with the lowest (80.0 years).
  • For men at age 65, life expectancy was highest in Harrow (21.1 years) and lowest in Manchester (16.0 years).
  • For women at age 65, life expectancy was highest in Camden (24.0 years) and lowest in Halton (18.8 years).

UK — Families in the Labour Market, 2014

December 12, 2014 Comments off

Families in the Labour Market, 2014
Source: Office for National Statistics

Examines the labour market participation of families. Topics include the number of working and workless families, employment rates of parents and differences in the employment rates and the types of work done by mothers and women without dependent children.

UK — Family Spending, 2014 Edition

December 3, 2014 Comments off

Family Spending, 2014 Edition
Source: Office for National Statistics

  • UK households spent an average of £517 a week in 2013. See table A1 (153.5 Kb Excel sheet) for the full breakdown of expenditure.
  • The largest expenditure categories were housing (excluding mortgages) fuel and power, transport, and recreation and culture.
  • There were four regions in which expenditure over the period 2010-2013 was higher than the UK average: the South East, London, the East and the South West.
  • A graph of household expenditure over time is provided in ‘The Headlines: Household Expenditure at a Glance’.

UK — Business Enterprise Research and Development, 2013

December 2, 2014 Comments off

Business Enterprise Research and Development, 2013
Source: Office for National Statistics

Key Points

  • In 2013, total expenditure on Research and Development (R&D) performed in UK businesses, in current prices, increased by 8% to £18.4 billion compared with 2012. In constant prices, R&D expenditure increased by 6% compared with 2012.
  • Civil R&D expenditure increased by 8% in 2013 to £16.7 billion while Defence R&D expenditure increased by 7% in 2013 to £1.7 billion.
  • In 2013, expenditure on R&D performed in UK foreign owned businesses increased by 11% and constituted 54% of total expenditure.
  • Expenditure on Business R&D in 2013 represented 1.1% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
  • In 2013, total business employment in R&D in the UK increased by 11% to 178,000 Full Time Equivalents (FTE), the largest annual increase since 1985.

Crime in England and Wales, Year Ending June 2014

November 18, 2014 Comments off

Crime in England and Wales, Year Ending June 2014
Source: Office for National Statistics

Key points

  • Latest figures from the Crime Survey for England and Wales (CSEW) show that, for the offences it covers, there were an estimated 7.1 million incidents of crime against households and resident adults (aged 16 and over) in England and Wales for the year ending June 2014. This represents a 16% decrease compared with the previous year’s survey, and is the lowest estimate since the survey began in 1981.
  • The CSEW covers a broad range of victim based crimes and includes crimes which do not come to the attention of the police. Decreases were evident for all major crime types compared with the previous year; violence saw a 23% fall, criminal damage fell by 20%, and theft offences decreased by 12%.
  • In contrast, police recorded crime shows no overall change from the previous year, with 3.7 million offences recorded in the year ending June 2014. Prior to this, police recorded crime figures have shown year on year reductions since 2003/04.
  • The renewed focus on the quality of crime recording is likely to have prompted improved compliance with national standards in some police forces, leading to more crimes being recorded. This is thought to have particularly affected the police recorded figures for violence against the person (up 11%) and public order offences (up 6%).
  • The number of police recorded shoplifting offences showed a 5% increase compared with the previous year. Anecdotal evidence suggests that this rise is more likely to be a result of a genuine increase in crime rather than any change in recording practice.
  • There was also an increase in the volume of fraud recorded (8% year on year), though it is difficult to judge to what extent that reflected an improvement in recording practices, an increase in public reports or a rise in actual criminality. It is thought that levels of fraud are thought to be substantially under-reported and thus these figures simply provide a measure of such offences brought to the attention of the authorities.
  • Sexual offences recorded by the police saw a 21% rise from the previous year and continues the pattern seen in recent publications. Current, rather than historic, offences account for the majority of the increase in sexual offences (73% within the last 12 months). Despite these recent increases, it is known that sexual offences are subject to a high degree of under-reporting.

Measuring National Well-being – Exploring the Well-being of Children in the UK, 2014

November 13, 2014 Comments off

Measuring National Well-being – Exploring the Well-being of Children in the UK, 2014
Source: Office for National Statistics

Children’s well-being is an important part of the nation’s well-being. In 2013, there were an estimated 12 million children aged 0 to 15, nearly a fifth of the UK population. Research from The Children’s Society has shown that a significant minority of UK children suffer from low well-being, which impacts on their childhood and life chances, and their families and communities (The Children’s Society, 2014).

Children’s well-being needs to be measured in a different way to adults. The framework for measuring national well-being puts indicators into 10 domains. Three domains (Governance, Natural Environment and Economy) are contextual and do not specifically relate to children’s well-being. The remaining 7 domains are consistent at all ages. To measure children’s well-being, the 7 domains have been adopted as a framework but have been populated with measures that reflect the aspects of children’s lives that are important to them, and have the greatest effect on their well-being.

ONS has developed a provisional set of 31 headline measures of children’s well-being across the 7 domains. These include both objective and subjective measures in the domains of:

  • Personal well-being
  • Our relationships
  • Health
  • What we do
  • Where we live
  • Personal finance
  • Education and skills

In March 2014, ONS published a consultation on the first version of these measures. The consultation response was published in July 2014 and an updated set of measures will be published in 2015. This report presents estimates for 22 of the 31 measures of children’s well-being1. These estimates can be thought of as a baseline for children’s well-being. The report also considers how selected measures have changed over time or differ by gender, where this information is available.

The Changing Shape of UK Manufacturing

November 12, 2014 Comments off

The Changing Shape of UK Manufacturing
Source: Office for National Statistics

The contribution of the manufacturing industry to the UK economy has changed markedly over the last 60 years. On average, output in the industry has grown by 1.4% a year since 1948, although it has contracted around the economic downturns in the 1970s and early 1990s, and most recently and notably during the 2008-9 economic downturn. But output growth has been at a slower rate than that for the whole economy, and as a consequence the proportion of whole economy Gross Value Added (GVA) accounted for by manufacturing has fallen since the early 1950s. The change in manufacturing output over the long term is determined primarily by changes in its principle factors of production: labour and capital. An increase in either of these factors will tend to lead to an increase in output – however higher manufacturing output has been achieved despite a steady fall in the number of jobs and broadly stable capital stock. Therefore over this period labour productivity, as measured by output per labour hour worked, has increased. In other words, the manufacturing industry has become more productive. This article will analyse several potential reasons for the increase in manufacturing productivity over the long term such as: a better quality workforce; an improvement in the information technology base; a change in the composition of the UK manufacturing industry; more investment in research and development; capital deepening; and a more integrated global economy. These factors are intended to inform and encourage the debate around changes in manufacturing productivity rather than provide a comprehensive and definitive explanation.


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