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CBO — Projected Costs of U.S. Nuclear Forces, 2015 to 2024

February 23, 2015 Comments off

Projected Costs of U.S. Nuclear Forces, 2015 to 2024
Source: Congressional Budget Office

CBO estimates that over the 2015–2024 period, the Administration’s plans for nuclear forces would cost $348 billion, an average of about $35 billion a year, and an amount that is close to CBO’s December 2013 estimate of $355 billion for the 2014–2023 period. (Both estimates are given in nominal dollars; that is, they include the effects of inflation.) Although the two estimates of total costs are similar, projected costs for nuclear programs of both the Department of Defense (DoD) and the Department of Energy (DOE) have changed. Over the next 10 years, CBO estimates, DoD’s costs would total $227 billion, which is about $6 billion (or 3 percent) more than the 10-year estimate published in 2013, and DOE’s would total $121 billion, which is about $13 billion (or 9 percent) less than CBO’s 2013 estimate.

This report describes the major differences between the two sets of estimates. The cost projections have risen for some categories of expenses but have declined for others. One might expect the total to increase because the current estimate spans a 10-year period that begins and ends one year later than the estimate published in December 2013 (2015–2024, compared with 2014–2023 for the December 2013 estimate) and thus includes one later year of development in modernization programs (development costs typically increase, or ramp up, as a program proceeds). Nevertheless, budget-driven delays in several programs, including a three-year delay for the new cruise missile and its nuclear warhead and longer delays in some programs for extending the useful lives of nuclear warheads, have reduced the costs projected for the next decade.

Back to the Future: Advanced Nuclear Energy and the Battle Against Climate Change

February 10, 2015 Comments off

Back to the Future: Advanced Nuclear Energy and the Battle Against Climate Change
Source: Brookings Institution

A new Brookings Essay examines innovative nuclear reactor designs that could power the world with nuclear waste and reignite American leadership in the fight against climate change.

National Academies Press — Most Downloaded Reports in 2014

January 13, 2015 Comments off

New From the GAO

December 17, 2014 Comments off

New GAO Reports
Source: Government Accountability Office

1. Hanford Cleanup: Condition of Tanks May Further Limit DOE’s Ability to Respond to Leaks and Intrusions. GAO-15-40, November 25.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-15-40
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/667191.pdf

2. Nuclear Regulatory Commission: NRC Needs to Improve Its Cost Estimates by Incorporating More Best Practices. GAO-15-98, December 12.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-15-98
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/667500.pdf

3. Defense Infrastructure: Risk Assessment Needed to Identify If Foreign Encroachment Threatens Test and Training Ranges. GAO-15-149, December 16.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-15-149
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/667551.pdf

4. Higher Education: State Funding Trends and Policies on Affordability. GAO-15-151, December 16.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-15-151
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/667558.pdf
Podcast – http://www.gao.gov/multimedia/podcasts/667387

5. Tax Filing Season: 2014 Performance Highlights the Need to Better Manage Taxpayer Service and Future Risks. GAO-15-163, December 16.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-15-163
Highlights –  http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/667562.pdf

CRS — Nuclear Cooperation with Other Countries: A Primer (October 16, 2014)

December 1, 2014 Comments off

Nuclear Cooperation with Other Countries: A Primer (PDF)
Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists)

In order for the United States to engage in civilian nuclear cooperation with other states, it must conclude a framework agreement that meets specific requirements under Section 123 of the Atomic Energy Act (AEA). The AEA also provides for export control licensing procedures and criteria for terminating cooperation. Congressional review is required for Section 123 agreements; the AEA establishes special parliamentary procedures by which Congress may act on a proposed agreement.

New From the GAO

November 14, 2014 Comments off

New GAO Reports
Source: Government Accountability Office

1. 2013 Government Shutdown: Three Departments Reported Varying Degrees of Impacts on Operations, Grants, and Contracts. GAO-15-86, October 15.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-15-86
Highlights- http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/666525.pdf

2. Department of Energy: Interagency Review Needed to Update U.S. Position on Enriched Uranium That Can Be Used for Tritium Production. GAO-15-123, October 14.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-15-123
Highlights- http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/666504.pdf

3. Nuclear Commerce: Additional Actions Needed to Improve DOE’s Export Control Process. GAO-15-124, October 14.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-15-124
Highlights- http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/666493.pdf

New From the GAO

November 12, 2014 Comments off

New GAO Reports
Source: Government Accountability Office

1. Spent Nuclear Fuel Management: Outreach Needed to Help Gain Public Acceptance for Federal Activities That Address Liability. GAO-15-141, October 9.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-15-141
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/666455.pdf

2. Federal Real Property: Strategic Focus Needed to Help Manage Vast and Diverse Warehouse Portfolio. GAO-15-41, November 12.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-15-41
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/666857.pdf

3. Financial Audit: IRS’s Fiscal Years 2014 and 2013 Financial Statements. GAO-15-173, November 12.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-15-173
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/666862.pdf

4. Defense Contract Audit Agency: Additional Guidance Needed Regarding DCAA’s Use of Companies’ Internal Audit Reports. GAO-15-44, November 12.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-15-44
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/666866.pdf

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