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Violence against Women and Girls : Lessons from South Asia

September 23, 2014 Comments off

Violence against Women and Girls : Lessons from South Asia
Source: World Bank

This report documents the dynamics of violence against women in South Asia across the life cycle, from early childhood to old age. It explores the different types of violence that women may face throughout their lives, as well as the associated perpetrators (male and female), risk and protective factors for both victims and perpetrators, and interventions to address violence across all life cycle stages.

The report also analyzes the societal factors that drive the primarily male — but also female — perpetrators to commit violence against women in the region. For each stage and type of violence, the report critically reviews existing research from Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, supplemented by original analysis and select literature from outside the region. Policies and programs that address violence against women and girls are analyzed in order to highlight key actors and promising interventions.

Finally, the report identifies critical gaps in research, program evaluations, and interventions in order to provide strategic recommendations for policy makers, civil society, and other stakeholders working to mitigate violence against women in South Asia.

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Country Specific Information: Sri Lanka

August 21, 2011 Comments off

Country Specific Information: Sri Lanka
Source: U.S. Department of State

August 17, 2011

COUNTRY DESCRIPTION: Sri Lanka is a presidential parliamentary democracy with a developing economy. On May 18, 2009, more than 26 years of conflict ended with the Sri Lankan government defeat of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). During the war, the LTTE had a history of attacks against civilians, though none was directed against U.S. citizens. There have been no terrorist attacks since the end of the conflict, and the government has authority throughout the island. The LTTE remains on the U.S. list of designated terrorist organizations.

Sri Lanka’s beaches, hill country, and archeological sites attract visitors from around the world. Tourism increased in 2010 and is expected to rise further in the coming years. The capital city of Colombo, the Cultural Triangle (Dambulla, Anuradhapura, and Polonnaruwa), the cities of Kandy and Galle, and many southern beach towns have good tourist facilities, and the roads connecting many of those destinations are improving. U.S. government employees and their family members are now permitted to travel throughout the country on official and personal travel. Read the Department of State Background Notes on Sri Lanka for additional information.

Running in Circles: Progress and Challenges in Regulating Recruitment of Filipino and Sri Lankan Labor Migrants to Jordan

July 29, 2011 Comments off

Running in Circles: Progress and Challenges in Regulating Recruitment of Filipino and Sri Lankan Labor Migrants to Jordan (PDF)
Source: Migration Policy Institute

Labor migration from the Philippines and Sri Lanka to Jordan has filled a growing share of unskilled and semi-skilled jobs in recent years, with private recruitment agencies playing an important role in facilitating and driving labor migration. But despite a comprehensive set of laws and guidelines to control migration systems in these countries, workers remain vulnerable to abuse and exploitation at the hands of recruitment agents. Excessive placement fees, violations of contractual terms and conditions, underpayment or nonpayment of wages, poor working or living conditions, confiscation of passports, and even physical abuse highlight the significant gaps in these countries’ migration protection systems. This report identifies problem areas and recommends ways to strengthen system management.

Country Specific Information: Sri Lanka

April 17, 2011 Comments off

Country Specific Information: Sri Lanka
Source: U.S. Department of State

Sri Lanka is a presidential parliamentary democracy with a developing economy. On May 18, 2009, the Sri Lankan government declared the insurgency conducted by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) ended after more than 26 years of conflict, thereby re-establishing governmental authority throughout the island. Despite their apparent defeat, the LTTE remains on the U.S. list of designated terrorist organizations.

Sri Lanka’s beaches, hill country, and archeological sites attract visitors from around the world. Tourism increased in 2010 and is expected to rise further in the coming years. The capital city of Colombo, the Cultural Triangle (Dambulla, Anuradhapura, and Polonnaruwa), the city of Kandy, and many southern beach towns have good tourist facilities, though the road system to those destinations remains relatively underdeveloped. Read the Department of State Background Notes on Sri Lanka for additional information.

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