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Archive for the ‘U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Category

Few teens use the most effective types of birth control

July 4, 2015 Comments off

Few teens use the most effective types of birth control
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Teen births continue to decline in the U.S., but still more than 273,000 infants were born to teens ages 15 to 19 in 2013. Childbearing during the teen years can carry health, economic, and social costs for mothers and their children.

The good news is that more teens are waiting to have sex, and of those who are sexually active, nearly 90 percent used birth control the last time they had sex. Data show that teens most often use condoms and birth control pills which, when not used consistently and correctly, are less effective for preventing pregnancy. According to this month’s Vital Signs report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, increasing access to Long-Acting Reversible Contraception (LARC) is one way to further reduce teen pregnancy.

Complementary and Integrative Approaches for ADHD

June 19, 2015 Comments off

Complementary and Integrative Approaches for ADHD
Source: National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health

Surveys estimate that as many as 9 percent of American children and 4 percent of adults have attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Although stimulant medications have been shown to be helpful for at least 70 percent of children with ADHD, many adults and children use complementary health approaches such as omega-3 fatty acids, melatonin, herbs and other dietary supplements, special diets, neurofeedback, and several mind and body practices, including acupuncture and meditation to control ADHD symptoms. Many of these complementary health approaches have been studied for ADHD, but none has been conclusively shown to be more effective than conventional therapies.

This issue of the digest provides information on what the science says about some of these complementary approaches for ADHD.

See also: 7 Things To Know About Complementary Health Approaches for ADHD

Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2015

June 19, 2015 Comments off

Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2015
Source: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (CDC)

These guidelines for the treatment of persons who have or are at risk for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) were updated by CDC after consultation with a group of professionals knowledgeable in the field of STDs who met in Atlanta on April 30–May 2, 2013. The information in this report updates the Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010 (MMWR Recomm Rep 2010;59 [No. RR–12]). These updated guidelines discuss 1) alternative treatment regimens for Neisseria gonorrhoeae; 2) the use of nucleic acid amplification tests for the diagnosis of trichomoniasis; 3) alternative treatment options for genital warts; 4) the role of Mycoplasma genitalium in urethritis/cervicitis and treatment-related implications; 5) updated HPV vaccine recommendations and counseling messages; 6) the management of persons who are transgender; 7) annual testing for hepatitis C in persons with HIV infection; 8) updated recommendations for diagnostic evaluation of urethritis; and 9) retesting to detect repeat infection. Physicians and other health-care providers can use these guidelines to assist in the prevention and treatment of STDs.

FDA — Final Determination Regarding Partially Hydrogenated Oils

June 18, 2015 Comments off

Final Determination Regarding Partially Hydrogenated Oils (PDF)
Source: U.S. Food and Drug Administration

Based on the available scientific evidence and the findings of expert scientific panels, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA or we) has made a final determination that there is no longer a consensus among qualified experts that partially hydrogenated oils (PHOs), which are the primary dietary source of industrially-produced trans fatty acids (IP-TFA) are generally recognized as safe (GRAS) for any use in human food. This action responds, in part, to citizen petitions we received, and we base our determination on available scientific evidence and the findings of expert scientific panels establishing the health risks associated with the consumption of trans fat.

Supporting and Promoting the Well-Being of LGBTQ Youth

June 18, 2015 Comments off

Supporting and Promoting the Well-Being of LGBTQ Youth
Source: Child Welfare Information Gateway
From e-mail:

National LGBTQ Pride Month reminds us all to work against prejudice and toward a safer and equal society for all, including LGBTQ youth and families involved in child welfare. There are approximately 166,000 youth ages 10–18 in foster care in the United States. Of these youth, an estimated 5–10 percent—and likely more—identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or questioning (LGBTQ). Additionally, more LGBTQ individuals and couples are choosing to grow their families through adoption.

In honor of Pride Month, we are pointing to our publications geared toward helping LGBTQ youth involved with child welfare and LGBTQ individuals, couples, and families interested in adoption.

NIH approves strategic vision to transform National Library of Medicine

June 12, 2015 Comments off

NIH approves strategic vision to transform National Library of Medicine
Source: National Institutes of Health

National Institutes of Health Director Francis S. Collins, M.D., Ph.D., today approved a federal report that lays out the long-term scientific vision for the NIH’s National Library of Medicine (NLM), the world’s largest biomedical library.

In summary, the ACD envisioned NLM to be a modernized conceptualization of a library and formulated a series of recommendations to guide its future:

  • Continually evolve to remain a leader in assimilating and disseminating accessible and authoritative biomedical research findings and trusted health information to the public, healthcare professionals, and researchers worldwide.
  • Lead efforts to support and catalyze open science, data sharing, and research reproducibility, striving to promote the concept that biomedical information and its transparent analysis are public goods.
  • Be the intellectual and programmatic epicenter for data science at NIH, including becoming the center of intellectual and programmatic activities in biomedical data science, and stimulate its advancement throughout biomedical research and application.
  • Strengthen its role in fostering the future generation of professionals in biomedical informatics, data science, library sciences, and related disciplines through sustained and focused training efforts.
  • Maintain, preserve, and make accessible the nation’s historical efforts in advancing biomedical research and medicine, thereby ensuring that this legacy is both safe and accessible for long-term use.
  • Have new NLM leadership evaluate what talent, resources, and organizational structures are required to ensure NLM can fully achieve its mission and best allocate its resources.

State Post Adoption Services and Programs

June 11, 2015 Comments off

State Post Adoption Services and Programs
Source: Child Welfare Information Gateway

Includes website links to postadoption information provided by State child welfare systems as well as State-funded and State-contracted organizations.

These results are current as of Friday, June 5, 2015 unless otherwise noted.

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