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Corruption — still a major problem in several Western Balkan countries

June 16, 2015 Comments off

Corruption — still a major problem in several Western Balkan countries
Source: European Parliamentary Think Tank

The United Nations’ 2003 Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) starts by noting that corruption ‘undermines democracy and the rule of law, leads to violations of human rights, distorts markets, erodes the quality of life and allows organized crime, terrorism and other threats to human security to flourish’. To a varying extent, all countries are susceptible to the phenomenon of corruption (EU Member States not excluded). Factors such as social and economic development, political background and culture, among others, define how deep rooted it is in a given state. The Western Balkans (WB) is a region with a history of corrupt practices, one usually perceived as vulnerable to corruption. With the exception of Kosovo,* all countries from the Western Balkans – Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia – are parties to UNCAC. Without exception, they are faced with widespread corruption – one of the key challenges as regards their aspirations for European integration. They have each made different progress towards EU membership, but share similar difficulties in the fight against corruption. Notwithstanding the assistance from the EU in the framework of the enlargement process, the results they have achieved so far have similarly been assessed as limited. * This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo Declaration of Independence.

Country Specific Information: Albania

June 26, 2011 Comments off

Country Specific Information: Albania
Source: U.S. Department of State

June 20, 2011

COUNTRY DESCRIPTION: Albania is a parliamentary democracy with a market-oriented economic system. Albania’s per capita income is among the lowest in Europe, but economic conditions in the country are steadily improving. Albania’s economic integration into broader European markets is slowly underway. Tourist facilities are not highly developed in much of the country, but are also steadily improving, and some goods and services taken for granted in Western European countries are not widely available. Hotel accommodations are plentiful in Tirana and in other major cities, but limited in smaller towns. Read the Department of State’s Background Notes on Albaniafor additional information.

Country Specific Information: Albania

June 19, 2011 Comments off

Country Specific Information: Albania
Source: U.S. Department of State

June 17, 2011

COUNTRY DESCRIPTION: Albania is a parliamentary democracy with a market-oriented economic system. Albania’s per capita income is among the lowest in Europe, but economic conditions in the country are steadily improving. Albania’s economic integration into broader European markets is slowly underway. Tourist facilities are not highly developed in much of the country, but are also steadily improving, and some goods and services taken for granted in Western European countries are not widely available. Hotel accommodations are plentiful in Tirana and in other major cities, but limited in smaller towns. Read the Department of State’s Background Notes on Albaniafor additional information.

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