Archive

Archive for the ‘National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’ Category

Drunk driving declines, while drug use behind the wheel rises

February 9, 2015 Comments off

Drunk driving declines, while drug use behind the wheel rises
Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

The nation’s decades-long campaign to combat drunk driving continues to make our roads safer, but use of marijuana and prescription drugs is increasingly prominent on the highways, creating new safety questions, according to a pair of ground-breaking studies released today by the Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

One study, the latest version of NHTSA’s Roadside Survey of Alcohol and Drug Use by Drivers, found that the number of drivers with alcohol in their system has declined by nearly one-third since 2007, and by more than three-quarters since the first Roadside Survey in 1973. But that same survey found a large increase in the number of drivers using marijuana or other illegal drugs. In the 2014 survey, nearly one in four drivers tested positive for at least one drug that could affect safety.

A second survey, the largest of its kind ever conducted, assessed whether marijuana use by drivers is associated with greater risk of crashes. The survey found that marijuana users are more likely to be involved in accidents, but that the increased risk may be due in part because marijuana users are more likely to be in groups at higher risk of crashes. In particular, marijuana users are more likely to be young men – a group already at high risk.

This was the most precisely controlled study of its kind yet conducted, but it measured the risk associated with marijuana at the levels found among drivers in a large community. Other studies using driving simulators and test tracks have found that marijuana at sufficient dosage levels will affect driver risk.

U.S. Department of Transportation Announces Decline in Traffic Fatalities in 2013 (December 2014)

December 23, 2014 Comments off

U.S. Department of Transportation Announces Decline in Traffic Fatalities in 2013
Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

The U.S. Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) today released the 2013 Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) data that shows a 3.1 percent decrease from the previous year and a nearly 25 percent decline in overall highway deaths since 2004. In 2013, 32,719 people died in traffic crashes. The estimated number of people injured in crashes also declined by 2.1 percent.

The more than three percent decline in traffic fatalities continues a long-term downward trend leading to the fatality rate matching a historic low – 1.10 deaths per 100 million vehicle miles traveled in 2013, down from 1.14 deaths per 100 million vehicle miles traveled in 2012.

The Economic and Societal Impact Of Motor Vehicle Crashes, 2010

June 3, 2014 Comments off

The Economic and Societal Impact Of Motor Vehicle Crashes, 2010 (PDF)
Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

In 2010, there were 32,999 people killed, 3.9 million were injured, and 24 million vehicles were damaged in motor vehicle crashes in the United States. The economic costs of these crashes totaled $277 billion. Included in these losses are lost productivity, medical costs, legal and court costs, emergency service costs (EMS), insurance administration costs, congestion costs, property damage, and workplace losses. The $277 billion cost of motor vehicle crashes represents the equivalent of nearly $897 for each of the 308.7 million people living in the United States, and 1.9 percent of the $14.96 trillion real U.S. Gross Domestic Product for 2010. These figures include both police-reported and unreported crashes. When quality of life valuations are considered, the total value of societal harm from motor vehicle crashes in 2010 was $871 billion. Lost market and household productivity accounted for $93 billion of the total $277 billion economic costs, while property damage accounted for $76 billion. Medical expenses totaled $35 billion. Congestion caused by crashes, including travel delay, excess fuel consumption, greenhouse gases and criteria pollutants accounted for $28 billion. Each fatality resulted in an average discounted lifetime cost of $1.4 million. Public revenues paid for roughly 9 percent of all motor vehicle crash costs, costing tax payers $24 billion in 2010, the equivalent of over $200 in added taxes for every household in the United States. Alcohol involved crashes accounted for $59 billion or 21 percent of all economic costs, and 84 percent of these costs occurred in crashes where a driver or non-occupant had a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) of .08 grams per deciliter or greater. Alcohol was the cause of the crash in roughly 82 percent of these cases, causing $49 billion in costs. Crashes in which alcohol levels are BAC of .08 or higher are responsible for over 90 percent of the economic costs and societal harm that occurs in crashes attributable to alcohol use. Crashes in which police indicate that at least one driver was exceeding the legal speed limit or driving too fast for conditions cost $59 billion in 2010. Seat belt use prevented 12,500 fatalities, 308,000 serious injuries, and $69 billion in injury related costs in 2010, but the failure of a substantial portion of the driving population to buckle up caused 3,350 unnecessary fatalities, 54,300 serious injuries, and cost society $14 billion in easily preventable injury related costs. Crashes in which at least one driver was identified as being distracted cost $46 billion in 2010. The report also includes data on the costs associated with motorcycle crashes, failure to wear motorcycle helmets, pedestrian crash, bicyclist crashes, and numerous different roadway designation crashes.

Model National Standards For Entry-Level Motorcycle Rider Training

May 15, 2014 Comments off

Model National Standards For Entry-Level Motorcycle Rider Training (PDF)
Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

Specific, strong, and measurable education standards are tools to ensure students receive the level of information and experience necessary to properly prepare them for real- world riding situations. In addition to providing that foundation, the Model National Standards for Entry-level Motorcycle Rider Training (“Model Standards”) permit greater flexibility in course development and delivery. The Model Standards also facilitate growth and improvement in State education systems.

The Model Standards establish baseline content that all entry-level riders should be taught in motorcycle rider training classes held in United States. States are encouraged to work with curriculum developers to not only include lessons that meet the Model Standards but to also go beyond the standards where needed to address specific State crash causes and trends Tailoring curricula to specific State needs, in addition to delivering baseline content, will produce informed students and safer riders.

Driver Electronic Device Use in 2012

May 6, 2014 Comments off

Driver Electronic Device Use in 2012 (PDF)
Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

The percentage of drivers text-messaging or visibly manip – ulating hand-held devices increased from 1.3 percent in 2011 to 1.5 percent in 2012; however, this was not a statistically significant increase. Driver hand-held cell phone use remained unchanged at 5 percent in 2012 (Figure 1). These results are from the National Occupant Protection Use Survey (NOPUS), which provides the only nation – wide probability-based observed data on driver electronic device use in the United States. The NOPUS is conducted annually by the National Center for Statistics and Analysis of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

The 2012 NOPUS found that hand-held cell phone use continued to be higher among female drivers than male drivers (Figure 2). It also found that hand-held cell phone use continued to be highest among 16- to 24-year-olds and lowest among drivers 70 and older (Figure 3).

NHTSA Announces Final Rule Requiring Rear Visibility Technology

March 31, 2014 Comments off

NHTSA Announces Final Rule Requiring Rear Visibility Technology
Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

U.S. Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) today issued a final rule requiring rear visibility technology in all new vehicles under 10,000 pounds by May 2018. This new rule enhances the safety of these vehicles by significantly reducing the risk of fatalities and serious injuries caused by backover accidents.

Today’s final rule requires all vehicles under 10,000 pounds, including buses and trucks, manufactured on or after May 1, 2018, to come equipped with rear visibility technology that expands the field of view to enable the driver of a motor vehicle to detect areas behind the vehicle to reduce death and injury resulting from backover incidents. The field of view must include a 10-foot by 20-foot zone directly behind the vehicle. The system must also meet other requirements including image size, linger time, response time, durability, and deactivation.

On average, there are 210 fatalities and 15,000 injuries per year caused by backover crashes. NHTSA has found that children under 5 years old account for 31 percent of backover fatalities each year, and adults 70 years of age and older account for 26 percent.

NHTSA — Older Driver Traffic Safety Plan

January 3, 2014 Comments off

Older Driver Traffic Safety Plan (PDF)
Source: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration

This report contains a description of NHTSA’s plans to address the following topics:

• Screening and Assessment – Relating to medical providers, families, licensing agencies, law enforcement, and older drivers in all efforts to improve the value of screening and assessment of driving abilities.

• Licensing – Including efforts to improve the validity and value of licensing actions relating to medically at-risk drivers and communications between licensing and others regarding at-risk drivers.

• Medical Providers – Focusing on medical providers and older driver issues outside the scope of screening and assessment, such as medication reviews and revisions of medically-oriented materials.

• Public Education and Program Promotion – Identifying activities to promote and evaluate education programs for older drivers and their families, including driver retraining courses. This area also includes law enforcement.

• Other Activities – Researching topics that are important to explore, but do not otherwise fit into the above categories.

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 1,033 other followers