Primary Cesarean Delivery Rates, by State: Results From the Revised Birth Certificate, 2006–2012 (PDF)
Source: National Center for Health Statistics
This report describes state-specific trends in pri mary cesarean delivery rates from 2006 through 2012 for reporting areas that implemented the 2003 U.S. Standard Certificate of Live Birth by January 1, 2006, and from 2009 through 2012 for reporting areas that implemented the 2003 revision by January 1, 2009. State-specific changes by gestational age are also explored.
Data for 2006–2012 are based on 100% of singleton births to residents of the reporting areas that implemented the 2003 birth certificate revision by January 1 of each year. Results are not generalizable to the entire United States—the reporting areas do not represent a random sample of U.S. births.
The primary cesarean delivery rate for the 2006 reporting area (19 states) increased from 21.9% in 2006 to 22.4% in 2009, and then declined to 21.9% in 2012. For the 2009 reporting area (28 states and New York City), the primary cesarean rate declined from 22.1% to 21.5% during 2009–2012. Rates for 16 of 29 areas declined during 2009–2012; the remaining states were unchanged. By gesta tional age, state-specific primary cesarean delivery rates at 38 weeks declined for 18 of 29 areas from 2009 to 2012; few state-specific changes were observed at other gestational ages. The primary cesarean delivery rate for the 38 states, District of Columbia, and New York City that were using the revised certificate by January 1, 2012, was 21.5%. State-specific rates ranged from 12.5% (Utah) to 26.9% (Florida and Louisiana).
The SIPRI Top 100 arms-producing and military services companies in the world excluding China, 2012
Source: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute
The SIPRI Top 100 lists the world’s 100 largest arms-producing and military services companies (excluding Chinese companies)[a], ranked by their arms sales in 2012. The list is based on the comprehensive SIPRI Arms Industry Database, which contains financial and employment data on the world’s major arms-producing and military services companies.
The High Burden of State and Federal Capital Gains Tax Rates
Source: Tax Foundation
Savings in an economy is important. It leads to higher levels of investment, a larger capital stock, increased worker productivity and wages, and faster economic growth. However, the United States currently places a heavy tax bias against saving and investment. One way it does this is through a high top marginal tax rate on capital gains.
Currently, the United States’ top marginal tax rate on long-term capital gains income is 23.8 percent. In addition, taxpayers face state-level capital gains tax rates as low as zero and as high as 13.3 percent. As a result, the average combined top marginal rate in the United States is 28.7 percent. This rate exceeds the average top capital gains tax rate of 18.2 percent faced by taxpayers throughout the industrialized world. Even more, taxpayers in some U.S. states face top rates on capital gains over 30 percent, which is higher than most industrialized countries. In fact, California’s top marginal capital gains tax rate of 33 percent is the third highest in the industrialized world.
Mortality from road crashes in 193 countries: a comparison with other leading causes of death
Source: Transportation Research Institute (University of Michigan)
This study compared, for each country of the world, the fatalities per population from road crashes with fatalities per population from three leading causes of death (malignant neoplasm, ischaemic heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease), and from all causes. The data, applicable to 2008, came from the World Health Organization. The main findings are as follows:
(1) For the world, there are 18 fatalities from road crashes per 100,000 population, as compared with 113 for malignant neoplasm, 108 for ischaemic heart disease, and 91 for cerebrovascular disease. The highest fatality rate from road crashes is in Namibia (45) and the lowest in the Maldives (2).
(2) For the world, fatalities from road crashes represent 2.1% of fatalities from all causes. The highest percentage is in the United Arab Emirates (15.9%) and the lowest in the Marshall Islands (0.3%).
(3) For the world, fatalities from road crashes represent 15.9% of fatalities from malignant neoplasm. The highest percentage is in Namibia (153.9%) and the lowest in the Maldives (1.7%).
(4) For the world, fatalities from road crashes represent 16.7% of fatalities from ischaemic heart disease. The highest percentage is in Qatar (123.9%) and the lowest in Malta (1.9%).
(5) For the world, fatalities from road crashes represent 19.6% of fatalities from cerebrovascular disease. The highest percentage is in Qatar (529.7%) and the lowest in the Marshall Islands (2.3%). The appendixes list the rates and percentages for each individual country.
Global corporate tax and withholding tax rates
Global tax rates 2014 provides corporate income tax, historic corporate income tax and domestic withholding tax rates for more than 150 countries.
Peace Corps Top Colleges 2014 (PDF)
Source: Peace Corps
Peace Corps lists the colleges and universities that produced the most Peace Corps Volunteers in 2013.
Takings Decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court – A Chronology (PDF)
Source: Congressional Research Service (via MSPB Watch)
This report is a reverse chronological listing of U.S. Supreme Court decisions addressing claims that a government entity has “taken” private property, as that term is used in the Takings Clause of the Fifth Amendment. The Takings Clause states: “[N]or shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.” A scattering of related, substantive due process decisions is also included.
DOD Contractors with Awards of $25,000 or more in FY 2013 (PDF)
Source: U.S. Department of Defense, Office of General Counsel
List of company names in alphabetical order. 511 pages. Plain text.
Global consumer confidence held steady in Q4 2013 with an index of 94, the third straight quarter where confidence was at that level. At the end of the year, global confidence was a point higher than at the beginning of the year and three points higher than in Q4 2012. In the 60 markets that Nielsen measures, confidence increased in 26, decreased in 32 and remained flat in two.
Asia-Pacific was the only region to post an increase for the quarter, as consumer confidence increased one index point to 105. Regional consumer confidence declined three index points in North America (95), two points in Middle East/Africa (90) and one point in Europe (73). Confidence remained flat in Latin America with an index of 94.
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Nation’s Grade Drops to a Dismal D+ for Failure to Support Emergency Patients
Source: American College of Emergency Physicians
Emergency physicians today sounded a warning that the continuing failure of state and national policies is endangering emergency patients, citing as proof a worse grade of D+ in the latest edition of a state-by-state report card on support for emergency care (Report Card). The Report Card forecasts an expanding role for emergency departments under Obamacare and describes the harmful effects of the competing pressures of shrinking resources and increasing demands. The Report Card measures conditions and policies under which emergency care is being delivered, not the quality of care provided by hospitals and emergency providers.
Minimum Wages for Tipped Employees
Source: U.S. Department of Labor
By state. Map and chart.
Deficit Reduction Declines as Policy Priority
Source: Pew Research Center for the People & the Press
For the first time since Barack Obama took office in 2009, deficit reduction has slipped as a policy priority among the public. Overall, 63% say reducing the budget deficit should be a top priority for Congress and the president this year, down from 72% a year ago. Most of the decline has come among Democrats: Only about half of Democrats – 49% – view deficit reduction as a top priority, down 18 points since last January.
100 Data Innovations
Source: Information Technology & Innovation Foundation
Businesses, government agencies, and non-profits in countries around the world are transforming virtually every facet of the economy and society through innovative uses of data. These changes, brought about by new technologies and techniques for collecting, storing, analyzing, disseminating, and visualizing data, are improving the quality of life for billions of individuals around the world, opening up new economic opportunities, and creating more efficient and effective governments. This list provides a sampling, in no particular order, of some of the most interesting and important contributions data-driven innovations have made in the past year.
Northridge Anniversary: Surprising Poll Results 20 Years After Costliest Earthquake in U.S. History
Source: Insurance Information Institute
A recent poll by the Insurance Information Institute (I.I.I.) found that only one out of 10 American homeowners (10 percent) have earthquake insurance, compared with 13 percent in 2012. In western states, 22 percent of homeowners said they have earthquake insurance, down from 27 percent.
The 6.7 magnitude quake, which hit Los Angeles on January 17, 1994, also still ranks as the fourth-costliest U.S. disaster, based on insured property losses (in 2013 dollars), topped only by Hurricane Katrina, the attacks on the World Trade Center and Hurricane Andrew.
On the global scale, the Northridge earthquake still ranks as the second costliest earthquake for insurers, after Japan’s earthquake and tsunami of 2011, according to Munich Re.
Despite tough economic conditions, revenues for the world’s 250 largest retailers reached $4.3 trillion* in the last fiscal year (June 2012 through June 2013). The average size of the top 250 retailers exceeded $17 billion according to the 2014 Global Powers of Retailing report from Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited (DTTL), in conjunction with STORES Media. For the first time ever, the report also includes a list of the world’s top 50 e-retailers** and found that more than three-quarters of them (39 companies) are part of the top 250 retailers globally.
Federal Favorites: Our Best Selling Books of 2013
Source: U.S. Government Printing Office
Ahhh…. It’s that time of the year again: Awards season! From the Golden Globes to the Academy Awards, red carpets abound with interviews of movie stars and other celebrities boasting about their best work during the past year.
We at the US Government Bookstore want to make sure our star publications and Federal agency publishers get their moment in the limelight, too. So, we are pleased to announce the winning publications that you, our readers, chose through your purchases over the past year: The US Government Bookstore Best Sellers of 2013!
Study: University Rankings Influence Number and Competitiveness of Applicants
Source: American Educational Research Association
How universities fare on reputational quality-of-life and academic rankings – such as those published by the Princeton Review or U.S. News & World Report – can have a measurable effect on the number of applications they – and their competitors – receive and on the academic competitiveness of the resulting freshman class, according to a new study.
The study, “True for Your School? How Changing Reputations Alter Demand for Selective U.S. Colleges,” by Randall Reback, associate professor at Barnard College of Columbia University, and Molly Alter, a research analyst for the Research Alliance for New York City Schools at New York University, will be published online this month in Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis (EEPA), a peer-reviewed journal of the American Educational Research Association.
Reback and Alter studied the importance of quality of life and academic reputations by examining the often-criticized college rankings in the Princeton Review’s Best Colleges guidebooks and in U.S. News & World Report’s America’s Best Colleges series, along with comprehensive college-level data from the National Center for Education Statistics’ Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System.
“There is strong evidence that changes in colleges’ quality-of-life and academic reputations affect both the number of applications that colleges receive and the characteristics of their next incoming classes of students,” said Reback. “It raises important questions about the large role these arbitrary rankings can play in the college selection process.”