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Hypertension Among US Adults by Disability Status and Type, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001–2010

September 10, 2014 Comments off

Hypertension Among US Adults by Disability Status and Type, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001–2010
Source: Preventing Chronic Disease (CDC)

The prevalence of hypertension among people with disabilities is not well understood. We combined data from the 2001–2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to obtain estimates of hypertension prevalence by disability status and type (cognitive, hearing, vision, or mobility limitation) and assess the association between disability and hypertension. Overall, 34% of adults with disabilities had hypertension compared with 27% of adults without disabilities; adults with mobility limitations were more likely to have hypertension than adults without disabilities (adjusted prevalence ratio: 1.23; 95% confidence interval: 1.16–1.32). Our results suggest that adults living with disabilities are an important subpopulation to include in hypertension reporting and intervention efforts.

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New From the GAO

September 9, 2014 Comments off

New GAO Reports and Testimony
Source: Government Accountability Office

Reports

1. Veterans Affairs: Data Needed to Help Improve Decisions Concerning Veterans’ Access to Burial Options. GAO-14-537, September 9.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-537
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/665664.pdf

2. Export-Import Bank: Enhancements Needed in Loan Guarantee Underwriting Procedures and for Documenting Fraud Processes. GAO-14-574, September 9.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-574
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/665620.pdf

3. Contract Management: DOD’s Implementation of Justifications for 8(a) Sole-Source Contracts. GAO-14-721R, September 9.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-721R

4. Clinical Trials: Little is Known about Participation by Supplemental Security Income Recipients. GAO-14-734R, September 9.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-734R

5. Military Personnel: DOD Needs to Update General and Flag Officer Requirements and Improve Availability of Associated Costs. GAO-14-745, September 9.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-745
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/665652.pdf

6. Bureau of Reclamation: Availability of Information on Repayment of Water Project Construction Costs Could Be Better Promoted. GAO-14-764. September 8.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-764
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/665589.pdf

7. Military Personnel: DOD Needs to Take Further Actions to Prevent Sexual Assault during Initial Military Training. GAO-14-806, September 9.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-806
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/665631.pdf

Testimony

1. Department Of Homeland Security: Actions Needed to Strengthen Management of Research and Development, by David C. Maurer, director, homeland security and justice, before the Subcommittee on Cybersecurity, Infrastructure Protection, and Security Technologies, House Committee on Homeland Security, and the Subcommittee on Research and Technology, House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology. GAO-14-865T, September 9.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-865T
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/665618.pdf

How do people with disabilities cope while waiting for disability insurance benefits?

September 8, 2014 Comments off

How do people with disabilities cope while waiting for disability insurance benefits? (PDF)
Source: Institute for the Study of Labor (Journal)

Disability Insurance waiting time varies from a few months to several years. We estimate the causal effect of longer waiting times on the use of five financial coping strategies. We find that SNAP benefits are the most responsive to longer waiting times. Moreover, while spousal employment is not responsive to longer wait times, spousal employment leads to longer waiting times, presumably because these applicants are more able to appeal. Together, these results suggest that coping strategies are used to both help applicants during the wait time and to extend the waiting time and increase their probability of success.

EEOC Issues Part II of FY 2011 and Part I of FY 2012 Annual Report on Federal Work Force

August 22, 2014 Comments off

EEOC Issues Part II of FY 2011 and Part I of FY 2012 Annual Report on Federal Work Force
Source: U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)

The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) today released the second part of its Annual Report on the Federal Work Force Part II: Work Force Statistics, Fiscal Year (FY) 2011 (Part II) and the first part of its Annual Report on the Federal Work Force Part I: Complaints Processing Statistics FY 2012 (Part I).

Part II advises the President and Congress on the state of equal employment opportunity (EEO) in the federal sector and contains a summary of selected federal agency EEO program activities, including work force profiles of 65 agencies.

Agency profiles contained in Part II highlight work force participation rates by race, gender, national origin and individuals with targeted disabilities, as well as the breakdown for major occupational categories. The report covers the period from October 1, 2010 through September 30, 2011.

According to the latest data for FY 2011, there were more than 2.8 million women and men employed by the federal government across the country and worldwide. Of the total federal workforce, 56.19% were men and 43.81% were women. The overall participation rate for women fell slightly from 43.97% in FY 2010 after a period of steady gains.

Overall diversity in federal employment rose slightly in FY 2011, even as the total federal work force declined. According to the report, between FY 2010 and 2011 the work force participation rates increased for employees who are:

  • Hispanic or Latino, from 7.90% to 7.95%;
  • Asian, from 5.90% to 5.95%;
  • Black or African American, from 17.94% to 17.97%; and
  • Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, from 0.36% to 0.38 %.

Additionally, the number of federal employees with targeted disabilities rose to 0.90% after a consecutive 10-year decline, followed by three years of holding steady at 0.88%. Targeted disabilities are considered the most severe impairments and include deafness, blindness, missing extremities, partial or complete paralysis, convulsive disorders, intellectual disabilities, mental illness, and distortion of the limb and/or spine.

CRS — Primer on Disability Benefits: Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) (August 1, 2014)

August 15, 2014 Comments off

Primer on Disability Benefits: Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) (PDF)
Source: Congressional Research Service (via Federation of American Scientists)

In general, the goal of disability insurance is to replace a portion of a worker’s income should illness or disability prevent him or her from working. Individuals may receive disability benefits from either federal or state governments, or from private insurers. This report presents information on two types of disability programs provided through the federal government: the Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) programs. SSDI is an insurance program that provides benefits to individuals who have paid into the system and meet certain minimum work requirements. In contrast, SSI is a means-tested program that does not have work or contribution requirements, but restricts benefits to those who meet certain financial eligibility criteria.

CBO — Veterans’ Disability Compensation: Trends and Policy Options

August 11, 2014 Comments off

Veterans’ Disability Compensation: Trends and Policy Options
Source: Congressional Budget Office

The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) oversees a disability program that makes payments through the Veterans Benefits Administration (VBA) to compensate U.S. veterans for medical conditions or injuries that are incurred or aggravated during active duty in the military, although not necessarily during the performance of military duties. Compensable service-connected disabilities range widely in severity and type, including the loss of one or more limbs, migraines, scars, and hypertension. Payments are meant to offset the average earnings lost as a result of those conditions, whether or not a particular veteran’s condition has reduced his or her earnings or interfered with his or her daily functioning. Disability compensation is not means-tested; veterans who work are eligible for benefits, and, in fact, most working-age veterans who receive disability benefits are employed. Payments are in the form of monthly annuities and typically continue until death.

Adjusted for inflation to 2014 dollars, VA disability compensation to veterans amounted to $54 billion in 2013, or about 70 percent of VBA’s total mandatory spending, according to analysis by the Congressional Budget Office (CBO). The remainder of the department’s mandatory spending that year was for programs that provide veterans with housing assistance, education, vocational training, and other assistance. In 2013, about 3.5 million of the nation’s 22 million veterans received disability compensation benefits. (Those benefits are distinct from the health benefits provided through the Veterans Health Administration [VHA].)

UK — The Olympic and Paralympic legacy: Inspired by 2012 – second annual report

July 25, 2014 Comments off

The Olympic and Paralympic legacy: Inspired by 2012 – second annual report
Source: Cabinet Office

This report describes the activities which took place in the second year since the Games to build a lasting legacy across a number of commitments, namely sport and healthy living, the regeneration of east London, bringing communities together, the Paralympic legacy and economic growth.

The report includes a foreword by the Prime Minister and the Mayor of London, and an assessment of progress by Lord Sebastian Coe, the Prime Minister’s Olympic & Paralympic Legacy Ambassador.

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