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Delays in Youth Justice

March 18, 2014 Comments off

Delays in Youth Justice (PDF)
Source: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs

Historically, the American juvenile justice system has sought to take an individualized approach to each case, focusing more on solving problems than on punishing offenders. But solving problems related to human behavior takes time and can collide with the principles of swift and certain intervention. Delays in the processing of youth through the justice system can have negative results not only for the youth themselves but also for their families and communities.

Improving the timeliness of the justice process is far more than a technical matter for managers and judges; it is a critical part of policy and practice in ensuring the juvenile justice system fulfills its basic mission.

This bulletin reviews a research effort in juvenile case processing that looked at two information sources, a nationwide sample of counties and an indepth investigation of three Midwestern courts…

See also: Young Offenders: What Happens and What Should Happen (PDF)

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Sex Offender Registration and Notification in the United States: Current Case Law and Issues

October 2, 2012 Comments off

Sex Offender Registration and Notification in the United States: Current Case Law and Issues (PDF)

Source: Office of Justice Programs

Sex offender registration and notification systems have been established within the United States in a variety of ways. There are a number of resources which are referred to, loosely, as “sex offender registries.” For the purposes of clarification, we start this summary with an outline of those systems.

See also: Sex Offender Case Law Summary, January 2008 – July 2009 (PDF)

Justice Department Study Reveals School Officials More Likely to Learn of Child Victimization Than Police or Medical Authorities

April 26, 2012 Comments off

Justice Department Study Reveals School Officials More Likely to Learn of Child Victimization Than Police or Medical Authorities (PDF)
Source: Office of Justice Programs (U.S. Department of Justice)

Acting Associate Attorney General Tony West today announced the release of Justice Department research examining how authorities learn about child victimization. Acting Associate Attorney General West discussed the findings today in Detroit at the final hearing of the National Task Force on Children Exposed to Violence. The task force, a key part of the Attorney General’s Defending Childhood Initiative, will present policy recommendations to address children’s exposure to violence in a report to the Attorney General in late 2012.

According to the research, school officials knew about victimization episodes more often (42 percent) than police (13 percent) or medical personnel (2 percent). Police were the most likely to know about kidnapping, neglect and sexual abuse by an adult. School, police and medical authorities knew about a majority of serious victimizations, including incidents of sexual abuse by an adult, gang assaults and kidnappings, but were mostly unaware of other kinds of serious victimizations, such as dating violence, rape and attempted rape.

+ Full Report (PDF)

OJP Fact Sheet: Identity Theft

February 9, 2012 Comments off
Source:  Office of Justice Programs
Fast Facts
    • 11.7 million persons age 16 or older in the United States were victims of identity theft during a 2-year period ending in 2008.
    • The unauthorized use or attempted use of an existing credit card was the most prevalent type of identity theft in 2008 (accounting for 53 percent of all victims).
    • The total financial cost of identity theft was nearly $17.3 billion over a 2-year period.
    • 23 percent of identity theft victims age 16 or older suffered a personal out-of-pocket loss of $1 or more.
    • From the day they discovered the crime, 20 percent of identity theft victims spent more than a month working to undo the damage it caused.

OJP Fact Sheet: Faith-Based Programs

February 8, 2012 Comments off
Source:  Office of Justice Programs
Fast Facts
    • There are more than 350,000 religious congregations in the United States. The average congregation has 100–400 members.
    • U.S. congregations generate an estimated $81 billion annually in revenues, much of which is used to support programs that address social needs.
    • Faith-based institutions engage 45 million volunteers, nearly half of the total number of American volunteers.
    • Virtually all U.S. prison systems offer faith-based worship services; 93 percent also offer prayer groups.
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