Note to FullTextReports followers…

September 11, 2013 Comments off

Some of the papers and reports posted on FullTextReports.com are freely available online for just a limited time before they disappear behind a paywall (or go away entirely). If you see something you suspect might be useful to you (or a colleague) in the future, download it the day you see it because it may not be accessible later without a subscription (or it may have been moved or taken offline). FullTextReports.com provides links only and does not archive papers and reports.

Also note: FullTextReports.com includes documents from a wide range of organizations, many of which exist to promote a specific agenda. The serious researcher may want to do a little checking around before relying on information in reports issued by entities whose mission is…unfamiliar.

Disclaimer: WordPress has begun placing advertising on this blog. Any ads you see do NOT constitute an endorsement by FullTextReports.com. If you see anything offensive, please notify FullTextReports@gmail.com.

About these ads
Categories: admin - FTR

DHS OIG — Major Management and Performance Challenges Facing the Department of Homeland Security

November 22, 2014 Comments off

Major Management and Performance Challenges Facing the Department of Homeland Security (PDF)
Source: U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Office of Inspector General

We have identified major challenges that affect both the Department as a whole, as well as individual components. DHS must continually seek to integrate management operations under an authoritative governing structure capable of effectively overseeing and managing programs that cross component lines.

DHS’ mission to protect the Nation from domestic and international threats and respond to natural and manmade disasters is further challenged by the unpredictable nature of these hazards. DHS must overcome the challenges inherent with uniting the Department under the Secretary’s Unity of Effort Initiative, as well as those over which it has little control.

This year, we are reporting the Department’s major challenges in the following areas:
• DHS Operations Integration
• Acquisition Management
• Financial Management
• IT Management and Privacy Issues
• Transportation Security
• Border Security and Immigration Enforcement
• Grants Management
• Employee Accountability and Integrity
• Infrastructure Protection, Cybersecurity, and Insider Threat

New From the GAO

November 21, 2014 Comments off

New GAO Reports
Source: Government Accountability Office
1. Defense Logistics: Greater Awareness of Recommendations and Improvements in Data Quality Needed to Resolve Container-Management Challenges. GAO-15-114, November 21.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-15-114
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/667147.pdf

2. Vaccine Injury Compensation: Most Claims Took Multiple Years and Many Were Settled through Negotiation. GAO-15-142, November 21.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-15-142
Highlights – http://www.gao.gov/assets/670/667135.pdf

Retirement Benefit Decisions by City and County Governments

November 21, 2014 Comments off

Retirement Benefit Decisions by City and County Governments
Source: Center for State and Local Government Excellence

Key findings:

  • Workers who work a full career in their city or county can expect a retirement income of between 45 and 80 percent of their pre-retirement income.
  • Career employees of local governments who participate in Social Security can expect retirement income replacement rates of 20 to 30 percentage points higher than employees whose governments do not participate in Social Security.
  • These and other variations mean that many local workers will need to be disciplined about participating in savings plans, outside of their primary plans, to meet their retirement security goals.

Publication Bias in the Social Sciences: Unlocking the File Drawer

November 21, 2014 Comments off

Publication Bias in the Social Sciences: Unlocking the File Drawer (PDF)
Source: Stanford University

We study publication bias in the social sciences by analyzing a known population of conducted studies–221 in total–where there is a full accounting of what is published and unpublished. We leverage TESS, an NSF-sponsored program where researchers propose survey-based experiments to be run on representative samples of American adults. Because TESS proposals undergo rigorous peer review, the studies in the sample all exceed a substantial quality threshold. Strong results are 40 percentage points more likely to be published than null results, and 60 percentage points more likely to be written up. We provide not only direct evidence of publication bias, but also identify the stage of research production at which publication bias occurs—authors do not write up and submit null findings.

See: Why No News Is Still Important News in Research (Stanford Graduate School of Business)

Capturing Social and Behavioral Domains and Measures in Electronic Health Records: Phase 2

November 21, 2014 Comments off

Capturing Social and Behavioral Domains and Measures in Electronic Health Records: Phase 2
Source: Institute of Medicine

Determinants of health—like physical activity levels and living conditions—have traditionally been the concern of public health and have not been linked closely to clinical practice. However, if standardized social and behavioral data can be incorporated into patient electronic health records (EHRs), those data can provide crucial information about factors that influence health and the effectiveness of treatment.Such information is useful for diagnosis, treatment choices, policy, health care system design, and innovations to improve health outcomes and reduce health care costs.

With this goal in mind, a committee was convened to conduct a two-phase study, first to identify social and behavioral domains that most strongly determine health, and then to evaluate the measures of those domains that can be used in EHRs.

In Capturing Social and Behavioral Domains in Electronic Health Records: Phase 1, the committee identified 17 domains that they considered to be good candidates for inclusion in EHRs. The second report, Capturing Social and Behavioral Domains and Measures in Electronic Health Records: Phase 2, pinpoints 12 measures related to 11 of the initial domains and considers the implications of incorporating them into all EHRs.

Trends in Use and Expenditures for Cancer Treatment among Adults 18 and Older, U.S. Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population, 2001 and 2011

November 21, 2014 Comments off

Trends in Use and Expenditures for Cancer Treatment among Adults 18 and Older, U.S. Civilian Noninstitutionalized Population, 2001 and 2011
Source: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

Highlights

  • In 2011, approximately 15.8 million adults or 6.7 percent of the adult U.S. population received treatment for cancer. This represents an increase from 2001, when 10.2 million adults or 4.8 percent of the population reported receiving treatment for cancer.
  • Medical spending to treat cancer increased from $56.8 billion in 2001 (in 2011 dollars) to $88.3 billion in 2011.
  • Ambulatory expenditures for care and treatment of cancer increased from $25.5 billion in 2001 to $43.8 billion in 2011.
  • Expenditures on retail prescription medications for cancer increased from $2.0 billion in 2001 to $10.0 billion in 2011.
  • Mean annual retail prescription drug expenditures for those with an expense related to cancer increased more than three times, from $201 per person in 2001 (in 2011 dollars) to $634 per person in 2011.
  • Inpatient hospital expenditures accounted for 47 percent of total spending for cancer treatment in 2001, but fell to 35 percent of the total by 2011.

Innovative Industries That Have Thrived in a Sluggish Economy

November 21, 2014 Comments off

Innovative Industries That Have Thrived in a Sluggish Economy
Source: IBISWorld

The Great Recession crippled the US and Canadian economies, both of which have started to recover, albeit slowly, over the past five years. Nevertheless, several industries have boomed over the period, surpassing US GDP and Canadian GDP, which are expected to grow at annualized rates of 2.8% and 2.2%, respectively, over the five years to 2019. In particular, some niche markets in the healthcare, technology and power sectors are anticipated to thrive. Using its database of more than 1,200 US reports and 350 Canadian reports, IBISWorld has narrowed down several industries that have been characterized by strong revenue growth over the five years to 2014. The advent of new technologies is expected to further bolster performance over the next five years.

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 958 other followers