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Archive for the ‘Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science’ Category

Conflict and Agency among Sex Workers and Pimps: A Closer Look at Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking

April 28, 2014 Comments off

Conflict and Agency among Sex Workers and Pimps: A Closer Look at Domestic Minor Sex Trafficking
Source: Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science

The dominant understanding in the United States of the relationship between pimps and minors involved in commercial sex is that it is one of “child sex trafficking,” in which pimps lure girls into prostitution, then control, exploit, and brutalize them. Such narratives of oppression typically depend on postarrest testimonials by former prostitutes and pimps in punishment and rescue institutions. In contrast, this article presents data collected from active pimps, underage prostitutes, and young adult sex workers to demonstrate the complexity of pimp-prostitute dyads and interrogate conventional stereotypes about teenage prostitution. A holistic understanding of the factors that push minors into sex work and keep them there is needed to design and implement effective policy and services for this population.

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Estimating Labor Trafficking among Unauthorized Migrant Workers in San Diego

April 26, 2014 Comments off

Estimating Labor Trafficking among Unauthorized Migrant Workers in San Diego
Source: Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science

Research on labor trafficking faces many methodological challenges, which make it difficult to provide reliable estimates of the problem. In this research, we applied respondent-driven sampling and unique access to migrant communities in San Diego County, California, to estimate the extent of trafficking violations in one of America’s largest Spanish-speaking immigrant destinations. We found that 30 percent of undocumented migrant laborers were victims of labor trafficking, 55 percent were victims of other labor abuses, and about half of these victimization experiences occurred within the past 12 months. The rate of trafficking violations varied markedly across business sectors that typically hire unauthorized migrant workers. Construction and janitorial services had the most reported trafficking violations and labor abuses. Findings in this study also suggest that the illegal status in the country is likely the most significant factor contributing to vulnerability to trafficking violations.

Extending Immigration and Crime Studies: National Implications and Local Settings

April 27, 2012 Comments off
Source:  Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
One of American society’s enduring debates centers on the immigration and violent crime relationship. This classic debate is revisited using data for individual homicide incidents and census-tract-level homicides in Miami, Florida, and San Antonio, Texas, in the 1980s and 1990s, respectively. The article starts with these two comparative cases because they mirror the immigration influx, Latino growth, and homicide decline seen throughout the country since 1980. These findings are also replicated in an analysis of the immigration and crime influx across the nation using U.S. counties in 2000. In sum, results from comparative cases, different time points, homicide motivations, and individual/community/national levels—and even controlling for Latino regional concentration—are reported. The findings were clear and unequivocal: more immigrants did not mean more homicide, and that outcome held across time and place.

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Young Disadvantaged Men: Fathers, Families, Poverty, and Policy (introduction)

May 26, 2011 Comments off

Young Disadvantaged Men: Fathers, Families, Poverty, and Policy (introduction)
Source: Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
From press release:

With teen moms being debated heavily in popular culture today, it’s easy to neglect the effects of fatherhood. However, recent research shows that young, disadvantaged men also affect a family and society. In fact, by age 30, between 68 and 75 percent of young men with a high school degree or less are fathers.

A new issue of The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science (published by SAGE) called “Young Disadvantaged Men: Fathers, Family, Poverty, and Policy,” examines how poverty and lack of education are creating a “perfect storm of adverse events”.

Today almost half of all kids are being raised by at least one parent with a low educational background (high school degree or less by age 30) and a poor expected economic future. Additionally 62 percent of fathers with a high school degree or less earned less than $20,000 in 2002. These issues combine to create a roadmap to failure for young, disadvantaged dads.

To help explore and begin working on some solutions, co-editors of the volume Irwin Garfinkel, Ronald B. Mincy and Timothy Smeeding convened a national conference at the Institute for Research on Poverty at the University of Wisconsin–Madison where economists, sociologists, and public policy experts presented their latest work. This conference included cross-cutting commentary on culture, race, and family functioning and longer-term relationships; and examined child support policy, school-to-work transitions, dropout, incarceration, and fatherhood-strengthening policies.

“Young Disadvantaged Men” presents the best thinking of national experts on the issues of immediate concern to those working through research, policy, and practice to reconnect disconnected dads to their children and thereby improve child and family economic and emotional well-being.

Full issue available for purchase.

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