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Facts for Features: Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month: May 2014

May 6, 2014 Comments off

Facts for Features: Asian/Pacific American Heritage Month: May 2014
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

In 1978, a joint congressional resolution established Asian/Pacific American Heritage Week. The first 10 days of May were chosen to coincide with two important milestones in Asian/Pacific American history: the arrival in the United States of the first Japanese immigrants (May 7, 1843) and contributions of Chinese workers to the building of the transcontinental railroad, completed May 10, 1869. In 1992, Congress expanded the observance to a monthlong celebration. Per a 1997 U.S. Office of Management and Budget directive, the Asian or Pacific Islander racial category was separated into two categories: one being Asian and the other Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander. Thus, this Facts for Features contains a section for each.

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Women of Asian Descent in Ivy League Golf, 1999–2013

February 6, 2014 Comments off

Women of Asian Descent in Ivy League Golf, 1999–2013 (PDF)
Source: Rutgers University

In the 1999-2000 women’s collegiate golf season the proportion of women golfers competing for Ivy League schools that were Asian (of Asian descent) and played in at least six tournaments was .22. Over the next eight collegiate golf seasons this proportion fell as low as .08 and was .14 for the 2007–2008 season. Then, over the next five collegiate seasons, through 2012-2013, the proportion of players Asian in Ivy League women’s golf who competed in at least six tournaments per season increased to .18, .23, .44, .68, and .56. The marked increase in Asian representation in women’s Ivy League golf was much greater than the increase in Asians in women’s college golf in general and in men’s Ivy League golf. We suggest Asian parents with academically and athletically gifted daughters have turned with their daughters to golf over the past decade or longer to increase the daughter’s chances of admission to selective universities in the US. This emphasis on golf may result from: 1. recognition that Asian women can compete successfully against generally taller Caucasian women given the success of Asian golfers on the LPGA tour since the late 1990’s; 2. recognition that the close parental supervision of children in the Asian family, particularly the girls, and the emphasis on discipline and practice can help build a strong golf game. Short game practice in particular may have a potentially large payoff and does not lead to physical breakdown. Variable effects regression models show that the skill (rankings) advantage of Asians over non-Asians has actually increased in women’s golf in the Ivy League in recent years; thus, Asian representation in women’s Ivy golf should continue to increase.

Significant, Sophisticated snd Savvy: The Asian American Consumer

December 4, 2013 Comments off

Significant, Sophisticated and Savvy: The Asian American Consumer
Source: Nielsen

As the fastest growing multicultural segment in the U.S. with an outsized impact on the consumer marketplace, Asian Americans have emerged as a powerful economic force. The group’s buying behaviors and viewing patterns, however, are different and unique from the total population.

The segment has grown at a rate of almost 58 percent between 2000 and 2013, mainly spurred by immigration. This is more than 4.9 times that of the general population. On top of this, the average Asian American household’s income continues to soar and represents the highest of all multicultural segments. Their spending power outpaces even that of the coveted Millennial demographic, those currently in their 20s and early 30s, by nearly 40 percent.

Culture, value, efficiency, convenience and a strong emphasis on the family shape the buying behavior of Asian Americans and often drive their purchasing decisions. This includes the types of stores they visit, the number of trips they make and their online habits. Asian Americans make up the leading segment of online shoppers, with 77 percent making internet purchases in the past year, versus 61 percent of the general population.

For marketers, understanding the Asian American population is critical for realizing the bottom-line potential of many key product and service categories.

Fact Sheet — The Economic Status of Women of Color: a Snapshot

December 4, 2013 Comments off

Fact Sheet — The Economic Status of Women of Color: a Snapshot (PDF)
Source: U.S. Department of Labor

Fifty-eight percent of women in the United States age 16 and over participate in the labor force (working or looking for work). This includes 57 percent of White women, 60 percent of Black women, 57 percent of Hispanic women, and 57 percent of Asian women.

Our nation’s 67 million working women hold nearly half of today’s jobs. Of these 67 million working women, about 52.8 million are White, 8.6 million are Black, and 3.6 million are Asian. Women of Hispanic or Latino ethnicity (who may be of any race) make up 9.2 million of the 67 million women workers.

The fact sheets highlight the different situations of the larger populations of women of color in the U.S. labor force. It assembles selected Federal government data and statistical resources to present a picture of the economic status of Black, Asian, and Hispanic women in the labor force. Sufficient data were not available on the relatively smaller populations of American Indian, Alaska Native, Native Hawaiian, and other Pacific Islander women in the labor force, so they are excluded.

Chinatown Then and Now: Gentrification in Boston, New York, and Philadelphia

October 10, 2013 Comments off

Chinatown Then and Now: Gentrification in Boston, New York, and Philadelphia
Source: Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund

For many Asian Americans, Chinatown is an essential part of our heritage and history. But Chinatowns on the East Coast are on the verge of disappearing.

The Asian American Legal Defense and Education Fund (AALDEF) embarked on a three-city land-use study of Chinatowns in Boston, New York, and Philadelphia to identify the people, buildings, and institutions that currently compose these neighborhoods to help each community better plan for sustainability in the coming years. Our new findings, based on a year of gathering land-use data, block by block and lot by lot, shows the interplay of residential, commercial, and industrial uses in Chinatowns and pinpoints where high-end, luxury development areas are concentrated and emerging. Our findings also incorporate three decades of Census data to reveal the staggering changes in all three communities.

In each city, local governments drove areas of accelerated gentrification and have encouraged and assisted the gutting of Chinatowns. Government policies have changed these traditionally working class, Asian, family household neighborhoods into communities that are now composed of more affluent, White, and non-family households. From the expansion of institutions like universities and medical centers in Boston, to Mayor Michael Bloomberg’s massive rezonings promoting development in New York, and the government’s encouragement of luxury condominiums and casinos in Philadelphia, local governments have dramatically transformed what these immigrant neighborhoods look like.

Filipino Immigrants in the United States

July 17, 2013 Comments off

Filipino Immigrants in the United States
Source: Migration Policy Institute

Over the past 50 years, the share of immigrants from the Philippines in the United States has grown modestly from just over 1 percent of the overall US foreign-born population in 1960 to more than 4 percent in 2011. Filipinos now represent the fourth largest immigrant group in the United States by country of origin behind Mexico, China, and India.

As a group, immigrants from the Philippines are better educated, more likely to have strong English language skills, more likely to be naturalized citizens, less likely to enter the United States as refugees or asylum seekers, and less likely to live below the federal poverty line than the overall foreign-born population. Working Filipino-born men and women are more likely to be employed in the healthcare sector than foreign-born workers overall. Yet despite some differences, Filipinos mirrored trends in the overall foreign-born population in terms of age and arrival period.

This article reports on a wide range of characteristics of Filipino immigrants residing in the United States, including the population’s size, geographic distribution, admission categories, and demographic and socioeconomic characteristics. Data are from the US Census Bureau’s 2011 American Community Survey (ACS), the 2000 Decennial Census (as well as earlier censuses), and the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) Office of Immigration Statistics (OIS).

Separate but Equal: Asian Nationalities in the U.S.

June 26, 2013 Comments off

Separate but Equal: Asian Nationalities in the U.S. (PDF)
Source: Brown University

Six distinct Asian national origin groups now number more than a million in the United States. This report points out the substantial dierences among them and draws out some of their implications. Their share of immigrants ranges from under half to over three quarters; their share below poverty is as low as 6% and as high as 15%; some are especially concentrated in Los Angeles and others in New York. As the Asian population grows in size and diversity, it becomes less useful to think about Asian Americans as a single category. It is more accurate to study Chinese and Indians, Filipinos and Japanese, Koreans and Vietnamese.

Doing so leads to two main ndings. First, every Asian nationality except Japanese is more segregated from whites than are Asians as a broad category. In fact, two of the largest nationalities (Chinese and Indians) are about as segregated as Hispanics, Vietnamese are as segregated as African Americans, and there has been little change in the last two decades. Second, quite unlike the case of Hispanics and African Americans, Asian national origin groups live in neighborhoods that are generally comparable to those of whites, and in some respects markedly better. The Asian pattern is separate but equal (or even more than equal), raising questions about the prospect or value of their residential assimilation in the future.

See: Asian neighborhoods: Separate but equal (EurekAlert!)

Inadequate Data Conceal Educational Disparities For Asian American and Pacific Islander Students

June 24, 2013 Comments off

Inadequate Data Conceal Educational Disparities For Asian American and Pacific Islander Students

Source: Educational Testing Service and National Commission on Asian American and Pacific Islander Research in Education

Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) students are a dynamic and heterogeneous group with great promise and even greater challenges. Yet methods of collecting and reporting data on their academic attainment conceal significant disparities in educational experiences and outcomes, according to a new report released at a symposium today in Washington, D.C.

The report, iCount: A Data Quality Movement for Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders in Higher Education, highlights the need for, and benefits of, collecting and reporting disaggregated data for these students. The authors also offer recommendations for meeting this challenge to ensure a more effective and responsive system of education.

+ Full Report (PDF)

Asians Fastest-Growing Race or Ethnic Group in 2012, Census Bureau Reports

June 13, 2013 Comments off

Asians Fastest-Growing Race or Ethnic Group in 2012, Census Bureau Reports
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

The U.S. Census Bureau announced Asians were the nation’s fastest-growing race or ethnic group in 2012. Their population rose by 530,000, or 2.9 percent, in the preceding year, to 18.9 million, according to Census Bureau annual population estimates. More than 60 percent of this growth in the Asian population came from international migration.

By comparison, the Hispanic population grew by 2.2 percent, or more than 1.1 million, to just over 53 million in 2012. The Hispanic population growth was fueled primarily by natural increase (births minus deaths), which accounted for 76 percent of Hispanic population change. Hispanics remain our nation’s second largest race or ethnic group (behind non-Hispanic whites), representing about 17 percent of the total population.

These statistics are part of a set of annual population estimates released today by race, Hispanic origin, age and sex. They examine population change for these groups nationally, as well as within all states and counties, between July 1, 2011, and July 1, 2012. Also released were population estimates for Puerto Rico and its municipios by age and sex.

“Asians and Hispanics have long been among our nation’s fastest-growing race or ethnic groups,” noted Thomas Mesenbourg, the Census Bureau’s acting director.

Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders (climbing 2.2 percent to about 1.4 million), American Indians and Alaska Natives (rising 1.5 percent to a little over 6.3 million), and blacks or African-Americans (increasing 1.3 percent to 44.5 million) followed Asians and Hispanics in percentage growth rates.

Suicidal Thoughts among Asians, Native Hawaiians, or Other Pacific Islanders

June 2, 2013 Comments off

Suicidal Thoughts among Asians, Native Hawaiians, or Other Pacific Islanders (PDF)

Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

Suicide affects Americans of every racial and ethnic group. Each year millions of adults think about and attempt suicide. Raising awareness within racial and ethnic groups can help prevent suicide. One such group is the Asian, Native Hawaiian, or other Pacific Islander population. According to the combined 2008 to 2011 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health, each year about 8.5 million adults aged 18 or older had serious thoughts of suicide. This number includes about 315,000 Asians, Native Hawaiians, or other Pacific Islanders each year. Asians, Native Hawaiians, or other Pacific Islanders had a lower rate of suicidal thoughts (2.8 percent) than the national average (3.7 percent). Rates of Asians, Native Hawaiians, or other Pacific Islanders making suicide plans or suicide attempts did not differ from the national averages.

Poverty Rates for Selected Detailed Race and Hispanic Groups by State and Place: 2007–2011

February 21, 2013 Comments off

Poverty Rates for Selected Detailed Race and Hispanic Groups by State and Place: 2007–2011 (PDF)

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Poverty rates are important indicators of community well-being and are used by government agencies and organizations to allocate need-based resources. The American Community Survey (ACS) 5-year data allow for the analysis of poverty rates by race and Hispanic origin for many levels of geography.

In this report, poverty rates are summarized by race and Hispanic origin for the United States, each state, and the District of Columbia.

Poverty rates are also presented for selected detailed race and origin groups in the cities and towns with the largest populations of these groups. For the nation and selected places, poverty rates are summarized for detailed Asian groups with populations of 750,000 or more, detailed Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander groups with populations of 25,000 or more, and detailed Hispanic groups with populations of 1 million or more.

Second-Generation Americans: A Portrait of the Adult Children of Immigrants

February 17, 2013 Comments off

Second-Generation Americans: A Portrait of the Adult Children of Immigrants
Source: Pew Social & Demographic Trends

Second-generation Americans—the 20 million adult U.S.-born children of immigrants—are substantially better off than immigrants themselves on key measures of socioeconomic attainment, according to a new Pew Research Center analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data. They have higher incomes; more are college graduates and homeowners; and fewer live in poverty. In all of these measures, their characteristics resemble those of the full U.S. adult population.

Hispanics and Asian Americans make up about seven-in-ten of today’s adult immigrants and about half of today’s adult second generation. Pew Research surveys find that the second generations of both groups are much more likely than the immigrants to speak English; to have friends and spouses outside their ethnic or racial group, to say their group gets along well with others, and to think of themselves as a “typical American.”

The Pew Research surveys also find that second-generation Hispanics and Asian Americans place more importance than does the general public on hard work and career success. They are more inclined to call themselves liberal and less likely to identify as Republicans. And for the most part they are more likely to say their standard of living is higher than that of their parents at the same stage of life. In all of these measures, the second generation resembles the immigrant generation more closely than the general public.

Engaging the Asian Diaspora

January 18, 2013 Comments off

Engaging the Asian Diaspora (PDF)

Source: Migration Policy Institute

This brief explores how governments in Asia are facilitating diaspora contributions, including creation of conducive legal frameworks and diaspora-centered institutions to initiation of programs that specifically target diasporas as development actors. The authors detail a number of legislative proposals geared at diasporas, including flexible citizenship laws and visa arrangements, political and property rights, and reduced income tax rates.

Asian-American Consumer Base: Has Tremendous Buying Power, Still Growing

November 18, 2012 Comments off

Asian-American Consumer Base: Has Tremendous Buying Power, Still Growing

Source: Nielsen

The Asian-American market represents a significant growth opportunity for the nation’s businesses that sell goods and services. Asian-American consumers provide growth opportunity to businesses by appealing to a consumer base that is growing, affluent, well-educated, technologically savvy and has a tremendous buying power that continues to soar.

With a 51-percent increase in population since 2000, Asian-Americans are experiencing the highest growth rate of any multicultural segment, slightly outpacing the Hispanic population. Asian-Americans represent an exciting growth opportunity for businesses, with a $718 billion in buying power that is expected to reach $1 trillion in just five years (equal to the 18th largest economy in the world).

Over the past decade, the Asian-American population has grown at double-digit rates in 49 out of the 50 states. In fact, a dozen states have counties that have seen growth rates of over 200 percent. Not only are Asian-Americans the fastest growing segment, many are also affluent and educated. The Asian-American household median income is 28 percent higher than the total U.S. median in 2012. For marketers trying to reach affluent consumers, it is important to note that 28 percent of Asian-American households have annual incomes greater than $100,000, compared to 18 percent of total U.S. households. In addition to being affluent, they are also well-educated. Fifty percent of Asian-Americans 25 years and older have a Bachelor’s degree, compared to 28 percent of the total population.

Census Bureau Reports Foreign-Born from Asia Likelier to be Married and to Live in Multigenerational Households

October 16, 2012 Comments off

Census Bureau Reports Foreign-Born from Asia Likelier to be Married and to Live in Multigenerational Households

Source: U.S. Census Bureau

In 2011, the foreign-born from Asia were more likely to be married compared with the total foreign-born and native-born. Households with a householder born in Asia were also more likely to be multigenerational, according to statistics from the 2011 American Community Survey conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau.

The percentage of foreign-born from Asia who were married was higher (65.8 percent) than for all foreign-born (58.3 percent) or for native-born (46.5 percent). In addition, multigenerational households — three or more generations living together — were more common among households with a householder born in Asia (9.4 percent) than a native-born householder (4.9 percent). Among major country-of-birth groups from Asia, households with a householder born in the Philippines (14.8 percent) or in Vietnam (12.3 percent) were the most likely to be multigenerational.

The metro areas with the largest foreign-born populations from Asia were Los Angeles and New York, both with more than 1.5 million, followed by San Francisco (707,000), Chicago (439,000) and Washington (432,000). (See graphs). (The totals for Chicago and Washington are not statistically different from one another).

In 2011, about 13 percent of the 311.6 million people living in the United States were foreign-born, including 11.6 million from Asia, accounting for more than one-fourth (29 percent) of all foreign-born.

Racial and Ethnic Diversity Goes Local: Charting Change in American Communities Over Three Decades

September 7, 2012 Comments off

Racial and Ethnic Diversity Goes Local: Charting Change in American Communities Over Three Decades (PDF)

Source: Department of Sociology and Population Research Institute, The Pennsylvania State University

During the last three decades, the United States has become more racially and ethnically diverse. We examine this trend at the local level, where the consequences of increased diversity for the economy, education, and politics regularly prompt debate, if not rancor. Decennial census and ACS data spanning the 1980-2010 period allow us to determine (a) the pervasiveness of diversity across America, focusing on metropolitan, micropolitan, and rural areas and places, and (b) the community characteristics that correlate with diversity.

We nd that almost all communities—whether large immigrant gateways or small towns in the nation’s heartland—have grown more diverse. However, the data show a wide range of diversity pro les, from predominantly white communities (a shrinking number) to minority-majority and no-majority ones (an increasing number). The pace of local diversity gains, as well as shifts in racial-ethnic composition, has similarly varied.

While surging Hispanic and Asian populations often drive these patterns, other groups, including African immigrants, Native Americans, and multi-racial individuals, contribute to the distinctive mixes evident from one community to the next.

As for the correlates of diversity, communities with large populations, abundant rental housing, and a range of jobs are more diverse. So are those where the government and/or the military is a key employer. Locationally, diversity tends to be higher in coastal regions and along the southern border.

In short, a growing number of Americans now live in communities where multiple groups—Hispanics, blacks, and Asians as well as whites—are present in signi cant proportions.

The Rise of Asian-Americans

June 19, 2012 Comments off

The Rise of Asian-Americans

Source: Pew Social & Demographic Trends

Asian Americans are the highest-income, best-educated and fastest- growing race group in the U.S, with Asians now making up the largest share of recent immigrants. A Pew Research survey finds Asian Americans are more satisfied than the general public with their lives, finances and the direction of the country, and they place a greater value on marriage, parenthood, hard work and career success.

Trends in Tuberculosis — United States, 2011

March 25, 2012 Comments off

Trends in Tuberculosis — United States, 2011
Source: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (CDC)

In 2011, a total of 10,521 new tuberculosis (TB) cases were reported in the United States, an incidence of 3.4 cases per 100,000 population, which is 6.4% lower than the rate in 2010. This is the lowest rate recorded since national reporting began in 1953 (1). The percentage decline is greater than the average 3.8% decline per year observed from 2000 to 2008 but not as large as the record decline of 11.4% from 2008 to 2009 (2). This report summarizes 2011 TB surveillance data reported to CDC’s National Tuberculosis Surveillance System. Although TB cases and rates decreased among foreign-born and U.S.-born persons, foreign-born persons and racial/ethnic minorities continue to be affected disproportionately. The rate of incident TB cases (representing new infection and reactivation of latent infection) among foreign-born persons in the United States was 12 times greater than among U.S.-born persons. For the first time since the current reporting system began in 1993, non-Hispanic Asians surpassed persons of Hispanic ethnicity as the largest racial/ethnic group among TB patients in 2011. Compared with non-Hispanic whites, the TB rate among non-Hispanic Asians was 25 times greater, and rates among non-Hispanic blacks and Hispanics were eight and seven times greater, respectively. Among U.S.-born racial and ethnic groups, the greatest racial disparity in TB rates occurred among non-Hispanic blacks, whose rate was six times the rate for non-Hispanic whites. The need for continued awareness and surveillance of TB persists despite the continued decline in U.S. TB cases and rates. Initiatives to improve awareness, testing, and treatment of latent infection and TB disease in minorities and foreign-born populations might facilitate progress toward the elimination of TB in the United States.

Unemployment Rate Does Not Tell the Full Story: Long-term Hardship a Tremendous Burden on Millions of Workers and the Economy

March 8, 2012 Comments off

Unemployment Rate Does Not Tell the Full Story: Long-term Hardship a Tremendous Burden on Millions of Workers and the Economy
Source: Center for Economic and Policy Research

Overall unemployment has ticked down slightly from the peaks of the recession, but long-term unemployment remains historically high, threatening the long-term economic security of workers and the country as a whole. A new report from the Center for Economic and Policy Research sheds light on the demographics of the millions of workers struggling with unemployment and under-employment.

“Long-term Hardship in the Labor Market” breaks out workers considered long-term unemployed by the official BLS standard according to race and gender, education, and age. The authors also expand the conventional concept of long-term unemployment and capture further dimensions of long-term hardship including discouraged workers, workers marginally attached to the workforce, and workers who are part-time for economic reasons.

The report shows that under the standard measure of long-term unemployment, half of all unemployed black men have been jobless for more six months or longer, followed closely by roughly 49 percent of unemployed Asian men, black women and Asian women. However, the alternative measure shows that black men are much more likely than other workers to experience long-term hardship. About 9 percent of all black men in the labor force, compared with 7 percent of black women, 5 percent of Latino women and 4 percent of Latino men had been unemployed for six months or longer in 2011.

+ Full Report

The Rise of Intermarriage

February 16, 2012 Comments off

The Rise of Intermarriage
Source: Pew Social & Demographic Trends Project

This report analyzes the demographic and economic characteristics of newlyweds who marry spouses of a different race or ethnicity, and compares the traits of those who “marry out” with those who “marry in.” The newlywed pairs are grouped by the race and ethnicity of the husband and wife, and are compared in terms of earnings, education, age of spouse, region of residence and other characteristics. This report is primarily based on the Pew Research Center’s analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) in 2008-2010 and on findings from three of the Center’s own nationwide telephone surveys that explore public attitudes toward intermarriage.

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