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General health status of residents nearby high voltage substations in Tehran, Iran

October 30, 2012 Comments off

General health status of residents nearby high voltage substations in Tehran, Iran (PDF)
Source: Advances in Environmental Biology

Objective and background:
Modern styles of living have caused human beings to expose various chemical and physical factors which can cause adverse effects on the health and welfare of individuals in different levels. This study is aimed to assess general health status of residents nearby high voltage substations in Tehran in 2011.

Materials and Methods:
This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study which was performed on 400 randomly selected residents over 18-year-old nearby high voltagesubstations. Electric and magnetic fields adjacent to these substations were measured by Holaday HI 3604 Electromagnetic Meter and general health status of residents in the vicinity of mentioned substations were evaluated using a verified questionnaire.

Findings:
Mean of measured electric fields’ strengthand magnetic flux density around the 400 KV high voltage substation lines was 3610V/m and 275 mG, respectively, and it was higher than other electric substations. Furthermore, results of general health status of residents nearby high voltage substations showed that; the highest frequency percentage was attributed to mental disorders. Physical, anxiety and depression disorders were in the second grade, though. On the other hand, the lowest frequency percentage was related to social dysfunction.

Conclusion:
Most of the studied population (64.8%) was suspected to have mental disorders. Considering the effects of other factors except electromagnetic waves on the general health of individuals, therefore, more and valuable studies are needed in this regard.

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