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NOAA State of the Climate — January Global Temperature Fourth Highest on Record

February 21, 2014 Comments off

January Global Temperature Fourth Highest on Record
Source: NOAA

According to NOAA scientists, the globally-averaged temperature over land and ocean surfaces for January 2014 was the highest since 2007 and the fourth highest for January since reliable record keeping began in 1880. It also marked the 38th consecutive January and 347th consecutive month (almost 29 years) with a global temperature above the 20th century average. The last below-average January global temperature was January 1976 and the last below-average global temperature for any month was February 1985.

Most areas of the world experienced warmer-than-average monthly temperatures, with the most notable warmth across Alaska, western Canada, southern Greenland, south-central Russia, Mongolia, and northern China. Parts of southeastern Brazil and central and southern Africa experienced record warmth, contributing to the warmest January Southern Hemisphere land temperature departure on record at 2.03°F (1.13°C) above the 20th century average. Temperature departures were below the long-term average across the eastern half of the contiguous U.S, Mexico, and much of Russia. However, no regions of the globe were record cold.

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Facts for Features — Women’s History Month: March 2014

February 12, 2014 Comments off

Facts for Features — Women’s History Month: March 2014
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

National Women’s History Month’s roots go back to March 8, 1857, when women from New York City factories staged a protest over working conditions. International Women’s Day was first observed in 1909, but it wasn’t until 1981 that Congress established National Women’s History Week to be commemorated the second week of March. In 1987, Congress expanded the week to a month. Every year since, Congress has passed a resolution for Women’s History Month, and the President has issued a proclamation.

Educational Attainment in the United States: 2013

February 10, 2014 Comments off

Educational Attainment in the United States: 2013
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

This report, based on the Current Population Survey, provides a portrait of academic achievement by demographic characteristics, such as age, sex, average earnings, and Hispanic origin. The number of adults who have completed some graduate school, increased 24 percent from 2008 to 2013, from 29 million to 36 million, according to the Educational Attainment in the United Sates 2012 data release. The report also includes detailed information on years of school completed, showing how many years of education adults have completed for each level of attainment. A variety of historical time series tables going back to 1940 are also provided, as are graphs illustrating historical data.

2008-2012 American Community Survey Voting Age Population by Citizenship and Race

February 4, 2014 Comments off

2008-2012 American Community Survey Voting Age Population by Citizenship and Race
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

This tabulation from the 2008-2012 American Community Survey shows estimates of the citizen voting age population by race for small areas of geography.

The downloadable files show the population 18 and older by citizenship status and race for the nation, states, District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, counties, minor civil divisions, places, tracts and block groups. The files reflect both the population living in housing units and in group quarters, such as college dormitories. The new files and technical documentation along with previous versions of the files can be found on the Census Bureau’s Redistricting Data website.

This is the fourth year in a row that the American Community Survey has produced estimates of this population for even the smallest geographic areas. Prior to the American Community Survey, communities would have to wait 10 years for an update on the citizen voting-age population. Internet address: http://www.census.gov/rdo/data/voting_age_population_by_citizenship_and_race_cvap.html

Computer and Internet Use: 2012

February 3, 2014 Comments off

Computer and Internet Use: 2012
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Based on Current Population Survey statistics from July 2012, the Computer and Internet Access in the United States infographic provides household and individual level analysis of computer use and Internet access, as well as a profile of individual smartphone usage. A set of tables will accompany the infographic. Internet address: </http://www.census.gov/hhes/computer/>.

Widespread Growth Across Industries in 2012; Revised Statistics of Gross Domestic Product by Industry for 1997-2012

January 27, 2014 Comments off

Widespread Growth Across Industries in 2012; Revised Statistics of Gross Domestic Product by Industry for 1997-2012
Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis

With this release, the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) has provided new and expanded detail on the industry sources of U.S. economic growth in 2012. These newly available data, which reflect the results of the 2014 comprehensive revision of the annual industry accounts, confirm the widespread growth in 2012. Overall, 20 of 22 industry groups contributed to the 2.8 percent increase in real GDP. Professional and business services; finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing; mining; and manufacturing were the leading contributors to growth.

  • Professional, scientific, and technical services real value added—a measure of an industry’s contribution to GDP—increased 4.2 percent in 2012, continuing to reflect strong growth in computer systems design and related services.
  • Real estate and rental and leasing increased 2.2 percent in 2012, the third consecutive year of positive real value added growth.
  • Mining rose 14.0 percent in 2012, after increasing 9.9 percent in 2011, reflecting strong growth for oil and gas extraction.

One-Quarter of Adults Hold Educational Credentials Other Than an Academic Degree, Census Bureau Reports

January 17, 2014 Comments off

One-Quarter of Adults Hold Educational Credentials Other Than an Academic Degree, Census Bureau Reports
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

The U.S. Census Bureau reported today that in fall 2012, more than 50 million U.S. adults, or one in four, had obtained a professional certification, license or educational certificate apart from a postsecondary degree awarded by colleges and universities. This is the Census Bureau’s first-ever report on this topic.

Among the adults included in the report, 12 million had both a professional certification or license and an educational certificate; 34 million had only a professional certification or license; and 7 million had only an educational certificate.

“Getting an academic degree is not the only way for people to develop skills that pay off in the labor market,” said Stephanie Ewert, a demographer with the Census Bureau’s Education and Social Stratification Branch and co-author of the report, Measuring Alternative Educational Credentials: 2012.

“In this report, we’ve been able to measure for the first time how many people take another route to a productive career: holding an alternative educational credential independent of traditional college degrees. It turns out that millions of people have taken this path,” added Ewert.

These alternative credentials include professional certifications, licenses and educational certificates. The fields of these professional certifications and licenses were wide-ranging and include business/finance management, nursing, education, cosmetology and culinary arts, among others.

Census Bureau Reports Almost One in Three Americans Were Poor at Least Two Months from 2009 to 2011

January 9, 2014 Comments off

Census Bureau Reports Almost One in Three Americans Were Poor at Least Two Months from 2009 to 2011
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 31.6 percent of Americans were in poverty for at least two months from 2009 to 2011, a 4.5 percentage point increase over the prerecession period of 2005 to 2007. Poverty was a temporary state for most people; however, 3.5 percent of Americans were in poverty for the entire three-year period.

The report, Dynamics of Economic Well-Being: Poverty, 2009-2011, traces a sample of U.S. residents through the Survey of Income and Program Participation — statistics are presented by various demographic and socio-economic characteristics, and statistical comparisons are made to data collected from 2005 to 2007.

“When people see poverty statistics, they often think these are people who were poor during an entire period,” said Ashley Edwards, a poverty analyst with the Census Bureau’s Social, Economic and Housing Statistics Division. “This survey allows us to investigate how individuals moved into and out of poverty during and immediately following the most recent recession, while making comparisons to the earlier three-year period immediately leading into the recession.” According to the National Bureau of Economic Research, the last recession spanned from December 2007 to June 2009.

National and State Population Estimates: July 1, 2013

December 31, 2013 Comments off

National and State Population Estimates: July 1, 2013
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Internet table shows July 1, 2013, population estimates for the nation, states and Puerto Rico, as well as corresponding annual estimates since the 2010 Census. (Estimates of components of change and monthly national population will be made available in a separate release in January.) Internet address: <http://www.census.gov/popest/>.

See also: Census Bureau Projects U.S. Population of 317.3 Million on New Year’s Day

American Indian and Alaska Native Tribes for the United States, Regions, Divisions, States, and Puerto Rico: 2010

December 30, 2013 Comments off

American Indian and Alaska Native Tribes for the United States, Regions, Divisions, States, and Puerto Rico: 2010
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

This set of 66 statistical tables shows the numeric distribution of the American Indian and Alaska Native population by tribe from the 2010 Census.

New From the GAO

December 19, 2013 Comments off

New GAO Report
Source: Government Accountability Office

2020 Census: Bureau Needs to Improve Scheduling Practices to Enhance Ability to Meet Address List Development Deadlines. GAO-14-59, November 21.
http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-14-59
Highlights - http://www.gao.gov/assets/660/659192.pdf

Revenue Increased in Most Service Sectors in 2012, Census Bureau Reports

December 19, 2013 Comments off

Revenue Increased in Most Service Sectors in 2012, Census Bureau Reports
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

The U.S. Census Bureau today released its 2012 Service Annual Survey, which shows a revenue increase in 10 of the nation’s 11 service sectors for employer firms between 2011 and 2012. The utilities sector was the only sector to show a year-to-year decline in revenue, down by $22.7 billion to $533.4 billion for 2012.

The Service Annual Survey provides the most comprehensive national statistics available each year on service industry activity in the United States. In 2009, the survey was expanded to collect data for all service industries, which account for 55 percent of U.S. gross domestic product (GDP).

Facts for Features: The 2013 Holiday Season

December 16, 2013 Comments off

Facts for Features: The 2013 Holiday Season
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

This festive season, or simply the holidays, is a time for gathering and celebrating with family and friends, gift giving, reflection and thanks. To commemorate this time of year, the U.S. Census Bureau presents the following holiday-related facts and figures from its collection of statistics.

Talent Recruitment and Firm Performance: The Business of Major League Sports

December 12, 2013 Comments off

Talent Recruitment and Firm Performance: The Business of Major League Sports (PDF)
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Firms rely heavily on their investments in human capital to achieve profits. This research takes advantage of detailed information on worker performance and confidential information on firm revenue and operating costs to investigate the relationship between talent migration and firm profitability in major league sports. One key problem that firms have is identifying performance measures for its workforce, especially for potential employees (recruits). In contrast to nearly all other industries, in the industry of professional team sports, detailed information about the past performance of each individual worker (athlete) is known to all potential employers. First, I demonstrate using public data that worker (athlete) statistics aggregated to the establishment (team) level correlate with success on the field (measured in win percentage). Second, I use confidential data from the 2007 Economic Censuses, and from the 2007 and 2008 Service Annual Surveys to investigate the link between individual worker performance and team profitability, controlling for many other aspects of the sports business, specifically taking account of the mobility of athletic “stars” and “superstars” from one team to another. The investigations in this paper provide support for the hypothesis that hiring talented individuals (stars) will increase a firm’s profit. However, there is not convincing support for the incremental benefit of hiring superstars. The mixed evidence suggests a benefit on balance.
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Home Value and Homeownership Rates During and After Recession Explored in the American Community Survey

December 7, 2013 Comments off

Home Value and Homeownership Rates During and After Recession Explored in the American Community Survey
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

A new housing brief from the U.S. Census Bureau shows that median home values in many small counties across the nation held steady after the most recent recession, while values in large counties declined.

These findings come from the Census Bureau’s brief, Home Value and Homeownership Rates: Recession and Post-Recession Comparisons From 2007-2009 to 2010-2012, which uses the American Community Survey three-year estimates to focus on homeownership rates and home values for smaller areas.

The small-area statistics from the American Community Survey show that in 66.9 percent of the 1,038 smaller counties (with populations between 20,000 and 65,000) the median home value in the post-recession period of 2010-2012 was not statistically different from the recession period of 2007-2009. Similarly, the median home values in 37 of the 50 smallest counties of this size were not statistically different from the recession period.

In contrast, median home values in 43 of the 50 largest counties declined over the same period. Nationally, the median home value was $174,600 in the post-recession period, a $17,300 decline from the recession period of 2007-2009.

NOAA: Slow Atlantic hurricane season coming to a close

December 3, 2013 Comments off

NOAA: Slow Atlantic hurricane season coming to a close
Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

The 2013 Atlantic hurricane season, which officially ends on Saturday, Nov. 30, had the fewest number of hurricanes since 1982, thanks in large part to persistent, unfavorable atmospheric conditions over the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, and tropical Atlantic Ocean. This year is expected to rank as the sixth-least-active Atlantic hurricane season since 1950, in terms of the collective strength and duration of named storms and hurricanes.

Facts for Features: The 2013 Holiday Season

December 2, 2013 Comments off

Facts for Features: The 2013 Holiday Season
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

This festive season, or simply the holidays, is a time for gathering and celebrating with family and friends, gift giving, reflection and thanks. To commemorate this time of year, the U.S. Census Bureau presents the following holiday-related facts and figures from its collection of statistics.

Census Bureau Releases New Interactive Visualization of Jobs, Businesses and Other Key Economic Statistics

November 25, 2013 Comments off

Census Bureau Releases New Interactive Visualization of Jobs, Businesses and Other Key Economic Statistics
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Today, the U.S. Census Bureau released a new interactive tool designed to visualize the key economic findings found in the statistical agency’s most recent Business Dynamics Statistics report released in July. The Business Dynamics Statistics Visualization Tool spans four decades of information about America’s economy – providing key insights on job creation and loss during the most recent recession. Economic measures such as employment, number of establishments and number of firms can be analyzed for a single year or multiple years from 1977 to 2011.

The tool has three major components: an interactive thematic map for the 50 states, interactive bar charts that give side-by-side comparisons of states and business sectors as well as time series data comparisons over a range of time.

Expanding Broadband Access to Businesses Nationwide

November 25, 2013 Comments off

Expanding Broadband Access to Businesses Nationwide
Source: National Telecommunications and Information Administration

Just as more Americans are finding broadband essential to life at work and home, most businesses also need high-speed Internet service to remain competitive. The nation has made good headway in efforts to expand broadband access to work places, according to a new report from the U.S. Commerce Department’s National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) and Economic and Statistics Administration (ESA).

The report, “Broadband Availability in the Workplace,” comes a week after Commerce Secretary Penny Pritzker unveiled the department’s “Open for Business Agenda,” which prioritizes supporting the digital economy as a great engine of economic growth in the 21st Century. The agenda also highlights the importance of data, such as this new report, to power the economy and help inform business decisions, enable start-ups, and fuel new companies.

Nearly all jobs in the United States are located in areas with at least basic wired or wireless broadband service, which is defined as service with an advertised download speed of 3 megabits per second (Mbps) and an upload speed of 768 kilobits per second (Kbps), according to the report. Using data collected by NTIA’s State Broadband Initiative (SBI) and the Census Bureau, which is part of ESA, the report also finds that between 2011 and 2012 the number of jobs located in areas with access to broadband download service speeds of 50 Mbps or greater increased from 56 percent to 75 percent. Employers located in areas that have robust broadband may have an advantage compared with otherwise similar competitors. (Note that the analysis looks at the change over time in broadband availability to jobs in 2010, rather than whether businesses relocated jobs as a result of better broadband.)

Local Area Personal Income: New Estimates for 2012; Comprehensive Revisions for 2001-2011

November 22, 2013 Comments off

Local Area Personal Income: New Estimates for 2012; Comprehensive Revisions for 2001-2011
Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis

Personal income growth slowed in 2012 in most of the nation’s 381 metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs), according to estimates released today by the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. Personal income growth slowed in 311 MSAs, accelerated in 65 MSAs, and remained unchanged in 5 MSAs. On average, MSA personal income rose 4.2 percent in 2012, after growing 6.0 percent in 2011. Personal income growth ranged from 12.1 percent in Midland, Texas to -1.6 percent in Yuma, Arizona, one of only five MSAs where personal income declined in 2012. Inflation, as measured by the national price index for personal consumption expenditures, slowed to 1.8 percent in 2012 from 2.4 percent in 2011.

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