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Close to Half of New Immigrants Report High English-Language Speaking Ability, Census Bureau Reports

June 11, 2014 Comments off

Close to Half of New Immigrants Report High English-Language Speaking Ability, Census Bureau Reports
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

In 2012, 44 percent of the foreign-born population age 5 and older who arrived in the United States in 2000 or later reported high English-language speaking ability, according to a U.S. Census Bureau report released today. This means they either reported speaking only English at home or reported speaking it “very well” whether or not they did so at home.

About 13 percent did not speak English at all. By comparison, 63 percent of immigrants who arrived prior to 1980 had high English-speaking ability in 2012, while only 6 percent did not speak English at all.

A new report, English-Speaking Ability of the Foreign-Born Population in the United States: 2012, uses statistics from the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey to focus on the relationships between English-speaking ability and place of birth, level of education and years spent living in the United States.

See also: Foreign-Born Population of the United States: 2012

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NIST — Supplemental Guidance on Ongoing Authorization Transitioning to Near Real-Time Risk Management

June 10, 2014 Comments off

Supplemental Guidance on Ongoing Authorization Transitioning to Near Real-Time Risk Management (PDF)
Source: National Institute of Standards and Technology

Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Memorandum M-14-03, Enhancing the Security of Federal Information and Information Systems, stated that, “Our nation’s security and economic prosperity depend on ensuring the confidentiality, integrity and availability of Federal information and information systems” and directs the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to publish guidance establishing a process and criteria for federal agencies to conduct ongoing assessments and authorization. The following additional guidance amplifies current NIST guidance on security authorization and ongoing authorization (OA) contained in Special Publications 800-37, 800-39, 800-53, 800-53A, and 800-137. This guidance does not change current OMB policies or NIST guidance with regard to risk management, information security, security categorization, security control selection, implementation, assessment, continuous monitoring, or security authorization.

Adopted Children and Stepchildren: 2010

June 9, 2014 Comments off

Adopted Children and Stepchildren: 2010 (PDF)
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Children live in a variety of family configurations. The type of relationship between children and their coresident parents reflects the way the family was formed. A parent’s remarriage or repartnering may result in a child living with a stepparent. Other parents may build their families through adoption. Ninety-five percent of children under 18 live with one or two biological parents, but children may also live with adoptive parents or stepparents.

This report provides a portrait of adopted children and stepchildren of the householder. Together, these children represent about 7 percent of the 64.8 million sons and daughters under age 18 in 2010. Since the circumstances that lead to children living with an adoptive parent or stepparent differ, the profiles of these groups may be distinct from each other, and from that of children living with a biological parent. In this report, we use several data sources to explore the particular characteristics of each group.

NTIA Releases Interim Progress Report on Administration’s Plan to Free Up More Spectrum

June 6, 2014 Comments off

NTIA Releases Interim Progress Report on Administration’s Plan to Free Up More Spectrum
Source: National Telecommunications and Information Administration

NTIA today released the Fourth Interim Progress Report on the Obama Administration’s initiative to identify and make available 500 megahertz of federal and non-federal spectrum for commercial wireless broadband use by 2020. This report also includes a plan for federal agencies to conduct quantitative assessments of their actual spectrum usage in 960 megahertz of additional spectrum, as directed in President Obama’s June 2013 Memorandum.

Easier Commutes and Cheaper Housing are Increasing as Main Reasons for Moving, Census Bureau Reports

June 5, 2014 Comments off

Easier Commutes and Cheaper Housing are Increasing as Main Reasons for Moving, Census Bureau Reports
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Among the 36 million people 1 year and over who moved between 2012 and 2013, 5 percent said the most important reason for moving was to be closer to work or for an easier commute, while another 8 percent cited the desire for cheaper housing, according to a report released today by the U.S. Census Bureau. The most common reasons for moving in 2013 were “wanted new or better home/apartment,” “other housing reason” and “other family reason.”

The report, Reason for Moving: 2012 to 2013, presents an in-depth look at 19 reasons why people changed residences during the previous year and is the Census Bureau’s first on this topic since 2001.

2013 Characteristics of New Housing

June 4, 2014 Comments off

2013 Characteristics of New Housing
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Using data collected by the U.S. Census Bureau’s Survey of Construction, this report provides annual statistics on the characteristics of new privately owned residential structures in the four U.S. regions. The report includes characteristics such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the type of exterior wall material, the buyer’s source of financing and the structure’s square footage.

This year’s release includes an interactive graphic with a pictorial representation of the single-family characteristics.

NTIA Seeks Comment on Big Data and the Consumer Privacy Bill of Rights

June 4, 2014 Comments off

NTIA Seeks Comment on Big Data and the Consumer Privacy Bill of Rights
Source: National Telecommunications and Information Administration

The U.S. Commerce Department’s National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) is seeking public comment on how developments related to “big data” impact the Consumer Privacy Bill of Rights.

Today, NTIA issued a Request for Comments on how issues raised by big data impact the Consumer Privacy Bill of Rights, the Obama Administration’s framework for privacy protections released in February 2012. Today’s action was called for in the White House’s big data and privacy working group report on how big data is transforming the way we live and work. Counselor to the President John Podesta convened senior government officials, including U.S. Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker, to conduct the wide-ranging review of big data and privacy, and the group presented its findings to President Obama on May 1.

“As recommended in the big data and privacy working group report, the Commerce Department is taking the lead in examining big data issues and their impact on the Consumer Privacy Bill of Rights and our economy,” Secretary Pritzker said. “The Obama administration takes personal privacy very seriously, and we must ensure the necessary privacy protections along with big data developments. Today’s request for comments is part of our continuing dialogue among government, business, consumers, entrepreneurs and other stakeholders about maximizing the benefits and minimizing the risks of big data.”

“As the White House’s big data report notes, there are many potential societal benefits from the use of big data,” said Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Communications and Information and NTIA Administrator Lawrence E. Strickling. “We are now asking the public to help us assess how big data might impact the protections called for in the Consumer Privacy Bill of Rights.”

Transit and Ground Passenger Transportation Industry on the Rise, Says Census Bureau

June 3, 2014 Comments off

Transit and Ground Passenger Transportation Industry on the Rise, Says Census Bureau
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Shuttle services, vanpools and similar businesses employed 17,719 people in 2012, a rise from 11,696 in 2007 or 51 percent, according to the first 2012 Economic Census industry series statistics released today by the U.S. Census Bureau. These businesses (part of the All Other Transit and Ground Passenger Transportation industry) also reported $1,144 billion in sales in 2012, an increase of nearly 51 percent since 2007.

These statistics are the first from the industry series, which publishes national statistics for detailed industries, including the number of employees and establishments, payroll and total revenues. It also includes detailed statistics on the product lines sold or services provided by businesses, derived from the twice-a-decade economic census. The economic census provides data on employer businesses of privately held and publically traded firms in an industry. For information on government-owned transit and ground passenger transportation businesses, see the Census of Governments.

Other highlights from this data release on transit and ground passenger transportation include:

  • Taxi service industry employment totaled 33,721; it had one of the highest increases in payroll per employee within the larger transit and ground passenger transportation industry − an increase of about 17 percent from $18,126 in 2007 to $21,165 in 2012.
  • Private local, fixed-route passenger transportation by road and transit rail (i.e., buses and rails) generated sales of $13.3 billion in 2012. Local fixed-route passenger transportation includes road and rail transportation on a prescribed route running at set times throughout the day and confined to a single metro area.
  • Total employment from school and employee bus transportation businesses increased by 26,589 since 2007 (nearly 13 percent), while payroll per employee decreased by about 4 percent over the same period.

Facts for Features — Anniversary of Americans with Disabilities Act: July 26

May 30, 2014 Comments off

Facts for Features — Anniversary of Americans with Disabilities Act: July 26
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

On July 26, 1990, President George H.W. Bush signed the Americans with Disabilities Act, which prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in employment, transportation, public accommodations, commercial facilities, telecommunications, and state and local government services.

Online Shopping and Mail Order Businesses Jump 27 Percent, Census Bureau Reports

May 29, 2014 Comments off

Online Shopping and Mail Order Businesses Jump 27 Percent, Census Bureau Reports
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Electronic shopping is showing rapid growth compared to the rest of the retail trade sector, with the number of establishments growing 27.4 percent between 2011 and 2012, according to new U.S. Census Bureau statistics released today. Drawn from County Business Patterns: 2012, the new data provides the only detailed annual information on the number of establishments, employees and payroll for nearly 1,200 industries at the national, state and county levels.

The number of electronic shopping and mail-order houses establishments grew from 23,697 to 30,185 between 2011 and 2012. Employment climbed 13.7 percent to 365,508. In contrast, for the retail trade sector as a whole, which includes traditional “brick and mortar” stores, the number of establishments rose just 0.1 percent, while employment climbed 0.7 percent.

“Unlike traditional stores, which are located throughout the country, online shopping establishments and jobs are in concentrated areas,” said William Bostic Jr., the Census Bureau’s associate director for economic programs.

Census Explorer: Retail Edition, the latest version of the Census Bureau’s interactive map, gives users easier access to neighborhood statistics and shows the geographic concentration of electronic shopping and mail-order houses.

South, West Have Fastest-Growing Cities, Census Bureau Reports; Three of Top 10 are in Texas Capital Area

May 22, 2014 Comments off

South, West Have Fastest-Growing Cities, Census Bureau Reports; Three of Top 10 are in Texas Capital Area
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Austin has been the capital of Texas since 1839, and in 2013 the area became the nation’s capital for population growth, according to U.S. Census Bureau estimates released today. San Marcos, Cedar Park and Georgetown — each near Austin — ranked among the 10 fastest-growing cities with populations of 50,000 or more during the year ending July 1, 2013. San Marcos was number one in percent growth for the second consecutive year, with Austin itself gaining more people (nearly 21,000) than any city with fewer than 1 million residents.

The South and West dominated the list of fastest-growing municipalities between 2012 and 2013, claiming all of the top 15, seven of which were in Texas. Frisco and McKinney (near Dallas), Odessa (in West Texas) and Pearland (near Houston) were the other Texas cities on the list. (See Table 1 for complete list.)

In terms of numeric growth, 13 of the 15 cities that added the most people between 2012 and 2013 were in the South or West, except for New York City, which ranked first in numeric population growth. The nation’s largest city, New York, added 61,440 people in the year ending July 1, 2013. New York continued to be the nation’s most populous city by a wide margin, with 8.4 million residents in 2013, followed by Los Angeles and Chicago. The list of the 15 most populous cities has remained unchanged since last year, aside from Indianapolis moving past Jacksonville to number 12. (See Table 2 for complete list.)

The list of the top 15 numeric gainers was also bookended by another city outside the South or West: Columbus, Ohio, which gained 12,450 people. In between were five Texas cities (Houston, San Antonio, Austin, Dallas and Fort Worth) and three in California (Los Angeles, San Diego and San Jose). (See Table 3 for complete list.)

The statistics released today cover all local governmental units, including incorporated places (like cities and towns), minor civil divisions (such as townships) and consolidated cities (government units for which the functions of an incorporated place and its parent county have merged).

NOAA predicts near-normal or below-normal 2014 Atlantic hurricane season

May 22, 2014 Comments off

NOAA predicts near-normal or below-normal 2014 Atlantic hurricane season
Source: NOAA

In its 2014 Atlantic hurricane season outlook issued today, NOAA’s Climate Prediction Center is forecasting a near-normal or below-normal season.

The main driver of this year’s outlook is the anticipated development of El Niño this summer. El Niño causes stronger wind shear, which reduces the number and intensity of tropical storms and hurricanes. El Niño can also strengthen the trade winds and increase the atmospheric stability across the tropical Atlantic, making it more difficult for cloud systems coming off of Africa to intensify into tropical storms.

The outlook calls for a 50 percent chance of a below-normal season, a 40 percent chance of a near-normal season, and only a 10 percent chance of an above-normal season. For the six-month hurricane season, which begins June 1, NOAA predicts a 70 percent likelihood of 8 to 13 named storms (winds of 39 mph or higher), of which 3 to 6 could become hurricanes (winds of 74 mph or higher), including 1 to 2 major hurricanes (Category 3, 4 or 5; winds of 111 mph or higher).

These numbers are near or below the seasonal averages of 12 named storms, six hurricanes and three major hurricanes, based on the average from 1981 to 2010. The Atlantic hurricane region includes the North Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico.

For the First Time, Public Education Revenue Decreases in 2012, Census Bureau Reports

May 22, 2014 Comments off

For the First Time, Public Education Revenue Decreases in 2012, Census Bureau Reports
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

Public elementary and secondary education revenue declined in fiscal year 2012 for the first time since 1977, when the U.S. Census Bureau began collecting public education finance data on an annual basis. According to new Census Bureau findings released today, public elementary and secondary school systems received $594.5 billion in total revenue in fiscal year 2012, down $4.9 billion (0.8 percent) from fiscal year 2011.

Today’s findings come from Public Education Finances: 2012. These statistics provide figures on revenues, expenditures, debt and assets (cash and security holdings) of the nation’s elementary and secondary public school systems. The report, released annually, includes detailed statistics on spending — such as instruction, student transportation, salaries and employee benefits — at the national, state and school district levels.

State governments were the leading source of revenue ($270.4 billion), closely followed by revenue from local sources ($264.6 billion); almost two-thirds (65.3 percent) of revenue from local sources came from property taxes. Public school systems received $59.5 billion in revenue from the federal government, a decrease of $14.2 billion (19.2 percent) from the previous fiscal year.

The 50 states and the District of Columbia spent $10,608 per student on public elementary and secondary education in 2012, the same amount as 2011. All nine states in the Northeast were ranked among the 15 states with the highest spending per pupil (not including capital outlay or expenditure on long-term debt) in 2012. Out of the 20 states with the lowest spending per pupil, 18 were in the South or West.

The top spenders per pupil were New York ($19,552), the District of Columbia ($17,468), Alaska ($17,390), New Jersey ($17,266) and Connecticut ($16,274).

For the third year in a row there was a decline in total expenditures, which decreased to $593.8 billion, a $2.5 billion (0.4 percent) decrease from the previous year.

The Changing U.S. Economy

May 15, 2014 Comments off

 

[Source: U.S. Census Bureau]

Facts for Features: Census Bureau Celebrates 20 Years on the Web

May 15, 2014 Comments off

Facts for Features: Census Bureau Celebrates 20 Years on the Web
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

In 1994, the U.S. Census Bureau became one of the first government agencies to be on the World Wide Web. The Census Bureau had long been a pioneer in using technology to improve its data collection and tabulation processes, inventing the first electrical tabulating machines for the 1890 Census and using the UNIVAC computer for the 1950 Census. The Census Bureau developed the Topologically Integrated Geographic Encoding and Referencing or “TIGER” geographic reference files in the 1980s, thereby automating mapping for the entire country. Today, the Census Bureau is making statistics easier to access by redesigning its website and offering new data tools.

NIST Releases 2013 Department of Commerce Technology Transfer Report

May 12, 2014 Comments off

NIST Releases 2013 Department of Commerce Technology Transfer Report
Source: National Institute of Standards and Technology

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has released the Department of Commerce’s (DOC) 2013 Technology Transfer Report. The annual report summarizes the technology transfer activities of its three federal laboratories: NIST, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and the Institute for Telecommunication Sciences (ITS) of the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA).

In response to a Presidential Memorandum on accelerating technology transfer, this report also summarizes the actions DOC is taking to establish goals and measure performance, streamline administrative processes, and facilitate local and regional partnerships to accelerate technology transfer and support private-sector commercialization.

The many innovations emerging from DOC labs in 2013 include NIST fire researchers’ development and deployment of a new NIST test for firefighter breathing equipment. Under high heat conditions, facepiece lenses have been found to bubble, deform, and develop holes or crazes, exposing a firefighter to toxic gases, potentially resulting in burns to the respiratory tract and asphyxiation. As of Sept. 1, 2013,standard firefighter breathing equipment cannot be certified to National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) standards unless the facepiece lenses pass a new rigorous test, developed by NIST, designed to reduce the degradation and possible failure of the facepiece lens under high-heat firefighting conditions.

The National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) reports on how their operations in the areas of weather and climate analysis and forecasts form the backbone of a thriving Weather and Climate Enterprise. This $5 billion industry serves to protect and serve the $3 trillion portion of the U.S. economy that is weather sensitive, including industries related to agriculture, energy, construction, health, travel and transportation.

NOAA — El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Diagnostic Discussion

May 9, 2014 Comments off

El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) Diagnostic Discussion
Source: NOAA (National Weather Service)

The model predictions of ENSO for this summer and beyond are indicating an increased likelihood of El Niño compared with those from last month. Most of the models indicate that ENSO-neutral (Niño-3.4 index between -0.5oC and 0.5oC) will persist through part of the remainder of the Northern Hemisphere spring 2014 (Fig. 6), most likely transitioning to El Niño during the summer. There remains uncertainty as to exactly when El Niño will develop and an even greater uncertainty as to how strong it may become. This uncertainty is related to the inherently lower forecast skill of the models for forecasts made in the spring. While ENSO-neutral is favored for Northern Hemisphere spring, the chance of El Niño increases during the remainder of the year, exceeding 65% during the summer (click CPC/IRI consensus forecast for the chance of each outcome).

Modes Less Traveled—Bicycling and Walking to Work in the United States: 2008–2012

May 8, 2014 Comments off

Modes Less Traveled—Bicycling and Walking to Work in the United States: 2008–2012 (PDF)
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

The number of U.S. workers who traveled to work by bicycle increased from about 488,000 in 2000 to about 786,000 in 2008–2012, a larger percentage increase than that of any other commuting mode.

The combined rate of bicycle commuting for the 50 largest U.S. cities increased from 0.6 percent in 2000 to 1.0 percent in 2008–2012.

The Northeast showed the highest rate of walking to work at 4.7 percent of workers, while the West had the highest rate of biking to work at 1.1 percent. The South had the lowest rate of biking and walking to work.

Living in Near Poverty in the United States, 1966-2012

May 7, 2014 Comments off

Living in Near Poverty in the United States, 1966-2012
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

This report provides data on the demographic characteristics of people close to, but not below, official poverty thresholds from 1966 to 2012. The “near-poor” are people with family income between 100 and 125 percent of the poverty thresholds, allowing for a full examination of the low-income population. The statistics come from the Current Population Survey’s Annual Social and Economic Supplement.

The report compares the near-poor to those living below the poverty level by characteristics including age, sex, race, family type, region, educational attainment, employment status and health insurance coverage. Since federal and state assistance programs are targeted to the low-income population — including those in near-poverty — the report also gives assistance program participation rates of the near-poor. Although the data presented in the report are primarily national-level, some state-level statistics are presented using three-year averages.

According to the report:

  • About 14.7 million people, or 4.7 percent of the population, were near-poor in 2012.
  • The “near-poverty” rate is down from 6.3 percent in 1966; this rate has remained more stable than the poverty rate itself over the past four decades.
  • The likelihood of being near-poor decreases as level of educational attainment rises.
  • The near-poor were more likely than those below poverty to qualify for the Earned Income Tax Credit and less likely to be covered by public health insurance.
  • Nearly one-third of the near-poor in 2012 received benefits from the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, while 85 percent lived with a family member receiving a free or reduced lunch in school.
  • Based on a 2010-2012 three-year average, 18 states had a near-poverty rate lower than the national average and 12 states higher.

Fueled by Aging Baby Boomers, Nation’s Older Population to Nearly Double in the Next 20 Years, Census Bureau Reports

May 7, 2014 Comments off

Fueled by Aging Baby Boomers, Nation’s Older Population to Nearly Double in the Next 20 Years, Census Bureau Reports
Source: U.S. Census Bureau

The nation’s 65-and-older population is projected to reach 83.7 million in the year 2050, almost double in size from the 2012 level of 43.1 million, according to two reports released today from the U.S. Census Bureau. A large part of this growth is due to the aging of baby boomers (individuals born in the United States between mid-1946 and mid-1964), who began turning 65 in 2011 and are now driving growth at the older ages of the population.

The first new report, An Aging Nation: The Older Population in the United States, looks at the demographic changes to the 65-and-older population that will comprise 21 percent of the U.S. population in 2050 and the impact that these changes will have on the composition of the total population. A second report, The Baby Boom Cohort in the United States: 2012 to 2060, focuses on the shifting size and structure of the baby boom population. These briefs use data from the 2012 national projections of the U.S. population.

“The United States is projected to age significantly over this period, with 20 percent of its population age 65 and over by 2030,” said Jennifer Ortman, chief of the Census Bureau’s Population Projections Branch. “Changes in the age structure of the U.S. population will have implications for health care services and providers, national and local policymakers, and businesses seeking to anticipate the influence that this population may have on their services, family structure and the American landscape.”

Census Bureau statistics have already shown growth in health care-related industries. In 2011, the Census Bureau’s County Business Patterns statistics showed the health care and social assistance sector as one of the largest in the U.S. with about 819,000 establishments. This sector includes home and health care services, community care facilities for the older population, and continuing care retirement communities, which all showed an increase of 20 percent or more in their number of employees between 2007 and 2011. New 2012 County Business Patterns statistics will be available by the end of May.

In addition, the Census Bureau’s recent release of population estimates showed The Villages, Fla. — home to a large retirement community — was the nation’s fastest growing metro area from 2012 to 2013.

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