Archive for the ‘University of Minnesota’ Category

Anticipating the Landscape in the Years Ahead: Military Members Transition to a Post-War Mission

December 7, 2014 Comments off

Anticipating the Landscape in the Years Ahead: Military Members Transition to a Post-War Mission
Source: University of Minnesota (Research and Outreach (REACH) Laboratory)

Although a majority of service members are resilient and we do not anticipate that they will develop long-term difficulties, this review highlights increased risks for service members across six domains: mental health, social and role functioning, relationship functioning and family life, spirituality, physical health, and financial well-being. Although risk factors and future trajectories vary, psychiatric difficulties are a consistent predictor of a worsened course. Supporting service members in role functioning (in the classroom, in the family, and in the workforce) will be an important component of fostering wellness.

Access Across America: Transit 2014

October 9, 2014 Comments off

Access Across America: Transit 2014
Source: University of Minnesota (Accessibility Observatory)

This study examined the accessibility to jobs by transit in 46 of the 50 largest (by population) metropolitan areas in the United States. It is the most detailed evaluation to date of access to jobs by transit, and it allows for a direct comparison of the transit accessibility performance of America’s largest metropolitan areas.

Rankings were determined by a weighted average of accessibility, giving a higher weight to closer jobs. The calculations include all components of a transit journey, including “last mile” access and egress walking segments and transfers.

The study’s report presents detailed accessibility values for each metropolitan area, as well as detailed block-level maps that illustrate the spatial patterns of accessibility within each area. A separate publication—Access Across America: Transit 2014 Methodology—describes the data and methodology.

In the future, the data presented in this study will be used to complete additional analyses, published periodically. Upcoming reports in the series will explore more detailed aspects of transit accessibility to jobs, including accessibility of jobs of different wage levels and a comparison with accessibility by car.

Safeguarding Children and Youth from Sexual Predators

August 22, 2014 Comments off

Safeguarding Children and Youth from Sexual Predators (PDF)
Source: University of Minnesota REACH Lab

In response to a request from The Office of Family Policy, Children and Youth, the Center for Research and Outreach (REACH) team conducted a review of the literature focused on safeguarding children and youth from sexual predators. An extensive and systematic review of the literature was conducted identifying relevant articles and reports ; approximately 400 documents were reviewed for this report . This report focuses on both the tactics that offenders utilize in grooming young people for sexual abuse, as well as existing programs that are in place to protect young people from predatory practices. Based on th e extensive review of empirical evidence , organizational best practices and recommendations are also identified.

America’s Racially Diverse Suburbs: Opportunities and Challenges

July 20, 2012 Comments off

America’s Racially Diverse Suburbs: Opportunities and Challenges (PDF)

Source: Institute on Metropolitan Opportunity (University of Minnesota)

From press release:

Racially diverse suburbs are growing faster than white suburbs, but resegregation threatens their prosperity and stability, according to a study entitled, "America’s Racially Diverse Suburbs: Opportunities and Challenges," released this week by the Institute on Metropolitan Opportunity at the University of Minnesota Law School.

Long perceived as predominantly prosperous white enclaves, suburbs are now at the cutting edge of racial, ethnic and political change in America. The study finds the number of racially diverse suburbs, municipalities ranging from 20-60 percent non-white, increased from 1,006 to 1,376 between 2000 and 2010 in the 50 largest U.S. metropolitan areas (a 37 percent increase). Fully 44 percent of suburban residents in these areas now live in racially diverse communities, up from 38 percent in 2000. Moreover, racially diverse suburbs are growing faster than white suburbs, and the number of diverse neighborhoods in suburbs is now more than twice the number found in central cities.

"Diverse suburbs represent some of the nation’s greatest hopes and its gravest challenges," says study co-author Myron Orfield, director of the Institute on Metropolitan Opportunity. "The rapidly growing diversity of suburban communities suggests a degree of declining racial bias and at least the partial success of fair housing laws. But the fragile demographic stability in these newly diverse suburbs presents serious challenges for local, state and federal governments."

Location Leaks on the GSM Air Interface

February 18, 2012 Comments off

Location Leaks on the GSM Air Interface (PDF)
Source: Denis Foo Kune, John Koelndorfer, Nicholas Hopper, Yongdae Kim; University of Minnesota

Cellular phones have become a ubiquitous means of communications with over 5 billion users worldwide in 2010, of which 80% are GSM subscribers. Due to their use of the wireless medium and their mobile nature, those phones listen to broadcast communications that could reveal their physical location to a passive adversary. In this paper, we investigate techniques to test if a user is present within a small area, or absent from a large area by simply listening on the broadcast GSM channels. With a combination of readily available hardware and open source software, we demonstrate practical location test attacks that include circumventing the temporary identifier designed to protect the identity of the end user. Finally we propose solutions that would improve the location privacy of users with low system impact.

See: Cell Phone Hackers Can Track Your Location Without Your Knowledge

The Impact of Trauma on Infants

February 5, 2012 Comments off

The Impact of Trauma on Infants (PDF)
Source: University of Minnesota. Children, Youth and Family Consortium

This is the fourth issue in a series focusing on trauma and child welfare. This issue captures the presentation of Dr. Alicia Lieberman on May 12th, 2010 titled “Child-Parent Psychotherapy in a Cultural Context: Repairing the Effects of Trauma on Early Attachment.”

The Children’s Mental Health eReview has a new look! Follow the link below to see the new format that demonstrates our connection to the Children, Youth and Family Consortium and University of Minnesota Extension. Like past issues, this new issue titled “The Impact of Trauma on Infants” summarizes current research and offers implications for practice and policy.

+ Previous issues