Archive for the ‘Indiana University’ Category

The Emergence of Cybersecurity Law

February 23, 2015 Comments off

The Emergence of Cybersecurity Law (PDF)
Source: Indiana University Maurer School of Law

This paper examines cyberlaw as a growing field of legal practice and the roles that lawyers play in helping companies respond to cybersecurity threats. Drawing on interviews with lawyers, consultants, and academics knowledgeable in the intersection of law and cybersecurity, as well as a survey of lawyers working in general counsel’s offices, this study examines the broader context of cybersecurity, the current legal framework for data security and related issues, and the ways in which lawyers learn about and involve themselves in cybersecurity issues. These discussions are presented across the paper’s three sections:

  • Cybersecurity and the Law explores the context in which cyberlaw is developing, examining the importance of cybersecurity to companies and corporations and how inside and outside counsel are responding.
  • Legal Developments in Cyberlaw provides an overview of the current state of the legislation, regulations, and other sources of law and policy influencing cybersecurity.
  • How Lawyers Help Meet Cyberthreats examines lawyers’ roles cybersecurity in more detail, including both the tasks they should perform and the tasks they do perform. This section also examines how lawyers are improving their knowledge of cybersecurity.

Dynamic Airline Pricing and Seat Availability

May 14, 2014 Comments off

Dynamic Airline Pricing and Seat Availability (PDF)
Source: Kelley School of Business, Indiana University

Airfares are determined by both intertemporal price discrimination and dynamic adjustment to stochastic demand given limited capacity. In this paper I estimate a model of dynamic airline pricing taking both forces into account. I use an original data set of daily fares and seat availabilities at the flight level. With model estimates, I disentangle key interactions between the arrival pattern of consumer types and remaining capacity under stochastic demand. I find dynamic adjustment to stochastic demand is particularly important as a means to secure seats for high-valuing consumers who arrive close to the departure date. It leads to substantial revenue gains compared to pricing policies which depend on date of purchase but not remaining capacity. In aggregate consumers benefit, despite facing higher fares on average, as a result of more efficient capacity allocation. Finally, I show that failing to account for stochastic demand leads to a systematic bias in estimating demand elasticities.

IU survey: U.S. journalists say they are less satisfied and have less autonomy

May 6, 2014 Comments off

IU survey: U.S. journalists say they are less satisfied and have less autonomy
Source: Indiana University

The reporters, editors and producers who put out the news every day are less satisfied with their work, say they have less autonomy in their work and tend to believe that journalism is headed in the wrong direction, according to the initial findings of “The American Journalist in the Digital Age,” a representative survey of U.S. journalists conducted by the Indiana University School of Journalism.

Compared to the 2002 survey, the updated demographic profile of U.S. journalists reveals that they are now older on average, slightly more likely to be college graduates and less likely to identify with both the Republican and Democratic political parties. But there are still significantly more men than women in the profession, and fewer racial or ethnic minorities than in the general population.

The survey findings also indicate that U.S. journalists rely heavily on social media in their daily work. Most use social media to check for breaking news and to monitor what other news organizations are doing; these interactive media are used least often for verifying information and interviewing sources. Most agree that social media promotes them and their work, keeps them more engaged with their audiences and leads to faster reporting. Far fewer say that social media has decreased their workload, improved their productivity, allowed them to cover more news or enhanced their credibility.

Early Effects of the Affordable Care Act on Insurance Outcomes: Evidence from the 2010 Dependent Coverage Mandate

April 13, 2012 Comments off

Early Effects of the Affordable Care Act on Insurance Outcomes: Evidence from the 2010 Dependent Coverage Mandate (PDF)
Source: Indian University Department of Economics

The mandated extension of dependent employer coverage to older children was one of the earliest implemented provisions of the 2010 Affordable Care Act. Using data from January 2009- March 2011 from the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), and double and triple differences estimation methods, we analyze the impact of this provision on insurance coverage rates and employment patterns of young adults aged 19 to 25 years relative to those slightly younger and slightly older who are not directly affected by the law. We find that the ACA provision raised dependent insurance rates of young adults considerably. We also find preliminary evidence of greater flexibility in the labor market in the form of increased turnover rates. Overall, the provision reduced uninsurance among those aged 19 to 25 years by 2.5 percentage points (3.7 percent) by the end of the first quarter of 2011, relative to uninsurance rates prior to September 2010. In terms of specific forms of coverage, dependent policies through parents increased by 4.6 percentage points (18.7 percent), individually purchased coverage reduced by 0.6 percentage points (10 percent) and own name employer insurance reduced by 2 percentage points (10 percent) . Exploring these results further, we find that the effects are concentrated among those with low marginal cost of dependent coverage.

At Risk: America’s Poor During and After the Great Recession

January 12, 2012 Comments off

At Risk: America’s Poor During and After the Great Recession (PDF)
Source: Indiana University, School of Public and Environmental Affairs

The Great Recession officially began in December 2007 and ended in June 2009. A slow recovery is underway, but the severity and extended duration of the downturn have inflicted long-lasting damage to individuals, families, and communities.

This White Paper examines the impact of the Great Recession and its aftermath on poverty in America. Our focus is not only the well-being of the poor but the near poor and the “new poor,” the millions of families who are entering poverty because of the Great Recession’s terrible toll of long-term unemployment. The Paper examines the recent trends in poverty, nationally and in the 50 states, in the context of the well-established risk factors for poverty: age, race and ethnicity, family structure, educational attainment, and employment.

We also examine the performance of America’s “safety net:” the major federal and state programs designed to protect the well-being of low-income Americans. Given the poor fiscal condition of the public sector, we also consider what is likely to happen to funding for the safety net between now and 2017, when the economy is forecasted to reach full employment again. Our principal conclusion is that the well-being of low-income Americans, particularly the working poor, the near poor, and the new poor, are at substantial risk, despite the economic recovery.