Archive for the ‘Montenegro’ Category

Corruption — still a major problem in several Western Balkan countries

June 16, 2015 Comments off

Corruption — still a major problem in several Western Balkan countries
Source: European Parliamentary Think Tank

The United Nations’ 2003 Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) starts by noting that corruption ‘undermines democracy and the rule of law, leads to violations of human rights, distorts markets, erodes the quality of life and allows organized crime, terrorism and other threats to human security to flourish’. To a varying extent, all countries are susceptible to the phenomenon of corruption (EU Member States not excluded). Factors such as social and economic development, political background and culture, among others, define how deep rooted it is in a given state. The Western Balkans (WB) is a region with a history of corrupt practices, one usually perceived as vulnerable to corruption. With the exception of Kosovo,* all countries from the Western Balkans – Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia – are parties to UNCAC. Without exception, they are faced with widespread corruption – one of the key challenges as regards their aspirations for European integration. They have each made different progress towards EU membership, but share similar difficulties in the fight against corruption. Notwithstanding the assistance from the EU in the framework of the enlargement process, the results they have achieved so far have similarly been assessed as limited. * This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo Declaration of Independence.

Country Specific Information: Montenegro

July 10, 2011 Comments off

Country Specific Information: Montenegro
Source: U.S. Department of State

June 30, 2011

COUNTRY DESCRIPTION: Montenegro is a small Balkan country that has experienced significant political and economic changes over the past two decades. There are many tourist facilities in Montenegro, but they vary in quality and some may not be up to Western standards. Read the Department of State’s Background Notes on Montenegro for additional information.

State Department Background Notes — Montenegro

March 20, 2011 Comments off

State Department Background Notes — Montenegro
Source: U.S. Department of State

The United States recognized Montenegro on June 12, 2006 and formally established diplomatic relations on August 15, 2006. The U.S. maintains an Embassy in Podgorica. The overriding goal of U.S. assistance to Montenegro is to help the country transition to a prosperous, market-based democracy fully integrated into Euro-Atlantic institutions, including NATO and the European Union. The United States supports these efforts by helping Montenegro ensure stability through broad-based prosperity, building an effective security partnership, strengthening the rule of law, and reinforcing democratic institutions. Specifically, in support of Montenegro’s efforts to become a NATO member, the U.S. is working to help the country enhance its border controls, institutionalize more effective law enforcement practices, and increase its military capabilities. In addition, a top U.S. priority is strengthening the rule of law and building Montenegro’s capacity for combating corruption, thereby increasing public confidence in governance. U.S. assistance also seeks to strengthen the role of civil society to promote the reforms necessary for EU accession. Economic reform will also continue to play an important role in achieving U.S. goals for Montenegro. In order to further develop commercial ties between the United States and Montenegro, the first American Chamber of Commerce (AmCham Montenegro) was launched on November 19, 2008, and as part of the strategic partnership between Montenegro and State of Maryland, the U.S.-Montenegro Business Council was formally opened in Podgorica on December 16, 2008. The Montenegrin military also established a partnership with the Maine Army National Guard, and efforts are underway to broaden this relationship to include cooperation in the civilian sector.

In Washington, President Vujanovic met with Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice in May 2008, and Prime Minister Djukanovic met with Vice President Joseph Biden and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in January 2010. Deputy Secretary of State James Steinberg traveled to Podgorica in May 2009, and two congressional delegations visited Montenegro in 2010.