Archive for the ‘Bosnia-Herzegovina’ Category

Corruption — still a major problem in several Western Balkan countries

June 16, 2015 Comments off

Corruption — still a major problem in several Western Balkan countries
Source: European Parliamentary Think Tank

The United Nations’ 2003 Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) starts by noting that corruption ‘undermines democracy and the rule of law, leads to violations of human rights, distorts markets, erodes the quality of life and allows organized crime, terrorism and other threats to human security to flourish’. To a varying extent, all countries are susceptible to the phenomenon of corruption (EU Member States not excluded). Factors such as social and economic development, political background and culture, among others, define how deep rooted it is in a given state. The Western Balkans (WB) is a region with a history of corrupt practices, one usually perceived as vulnerable to corruption. With the exception of Kosovo,* all countries from the Western Balkans – Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia – are parties to UNCAC. Without exception, they are faced with widespread corruption – one of the key challenges as regards their aspirations for European integration. They have each made different progress towards EU membership, but share similar difficulties in the fight against corruption. Notwithstanding the assistance from the EU in the framework of the enlargement process, the results they have achieved so far have similarly been assessed as limited. * This designation is without prejudice to positions on status, and is in line with UNSCR 1244 and the ICJ Opinion on the Kosovo Declaration of Independence.

Business, Corruption and Crime in Bosnia and Herzegovina: The impact of bribery and other crime on private enterprise

November 26, 2013 Comments off

Business, Corruption and Crime in Bosnia and Herzegovina: The impact of bribery and other crime on private enterprise (PDF)
Source: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

This survey of private businesses in Bosnia and Herzegovina reveals that corruption and other forms of crime are a great hindrance to private enterprise and have a negative effect on private investment. A significant percentage of businesses pay bribes to public officials repeatedly over the course of the year. Businesses in the Building and Construction sector are those most affected by bribery, followed by businesses in the Transportation and Storage sector. The public officials with the highest risk of bribery in interactions with businesses are health authorities, police officers, customs officers and judges/prosecutors.

Country Specific Information: Bosnia-Herzegovina

April 3, 2011 Comments off

Country Specific Information: Bosnia-Herzegovina
Source: U.S. Department of State

Bosnia and Herzegovina has experienced significant progress in restoring peace and stability in recent years; nonetheless, political tensions among its ethnic groups persist. Progress has been made in reconstructing the physical infrastructure that was devastated in the wars of the early 1990s, but roads, railroads, and other infrastructural improvements lag behind other countries in the region. Hotels and travel amenities are available in the capital, Sarajevo, and other major towns. In more remote areas of the country, public facilities vary in quality. Read the Department of State’s Background Notes on Bosnia and Herzegovina for additional information.