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State Department Background Note: South Sudan

September 25, 2011

Background Note: South Sudan
Source: U.S. Department of State

Official Name: Republic of South Sudan

Independence: July 9, 2011
Type: Democratic Government established by the declaration of independence on July 9th, marking an end of the interim period under the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed in January 2005 that provided for power sharing between the North and South.

Constitution: On July 9th, 2011, the Government of South Sudan will amend the December 2005 interim constitution. The new Transitional Constitution of South Sudan will come into force, subject to approval by the assembly, and further signed into law by the President. The draft transitional constitution has the approval of the Council of Ministers, and is due to be passed by the South Sudan Legislative Assembly. When passed, the new Constitution will be reviewed, in the future, by a representative National Constitutional Review Commission. This will involve a national consultation, gathering views from communities and stakeholders across the country.

Branches: Executive–executive authority is held by the president, who also is the prime minister, head of state, head of government, and commander in chief of the armed forces. The executive branch also includes a vice president. Legislative—The National Assembly has TBD elected members.

Administrative subdivisions: Ten states, most with an elected governor, along with a state cabinet and elected state legislative assembly.

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