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CRS — The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part B – Key Statutory and Regulatory Provisions

February 11, 2014

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part B – Key Statutory and Regulatory Provisions (PDF)
Source: Congressional Research Service (via MSPB Watch)

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is both a grants statute and a civil rights statute. As a grants statute, IDEA provides federal funding for the education of children with disabilities and requires, as a condition for the receipt of such funds, the provision of a free appropriate public education (FAPE) (i.e., specially designed instruction provided at no cost to parents that meets the needs of a child with a disability). In FY2013, $12 billion was appropriated for IDEA. In 2011, 6.5 million children ages 3 through 21 received educational services under IDEA.

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is both a grants statute and a civil rights statute. As a grants statute, IDEA provides federal funding for the education of children with disabilities and requires, as a condition for the receipt of such funds, the provision of a free appropriate public education (FAPE) (i.e., specially designed instruction provided at no cost to parents that meets the needs of a child with a disability). In FY2013, $12 billion was appropriated for IDEA. In 2011, 6.5 million children ages 3 through 21 received educational services under IDEA.

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